Pediatric Considerations Before, During, and After Radiological or Nuclear Emergencies.

Abstract:

:Infants, children, and adolescents can be exposed unexpectedly to ionizing radiation from nuclear power plant events, improvised nuclear or radiologic dispersal device explosions, or inappropriate disposal of radiotherapy equipment. Children are likely to experience higher external and internal radiation exposure levels than adults because of their smaller body and organ size and other physiologic characteristics, by picking up contaminated items, and through consumption of contaminated milk or foodstuffs. This policy statement and accompanying technical report update the 2003 American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement on pediatric radiation emergencies by summarizing newer scientific knowledge from studies of the Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant events, use of improvised radiologic dispersal devices, exposures from inappropriate disposal of radiotherapy equipment, and potential health effects from residential proximity to nuclear plants. Policy recommendations are made for providers and governments to improve future responses to these types of events.

journal_name

Pediatrics

journal_title

Pediatrics

authors

Paulson JA,COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH.

doi

10.1542/peds.2018-3000

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-12-01 00:00:00

issue

6

eissn

0031-4005

issn

1098-4275

pii

peds.2018-3000

journal_volume

142

pub_type

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