Outcomes and prognostic stratification of patients with recurrent glioblastoma treated with salvage stereotactic radiosurgery.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most malignant form of astrocytoma. The average survival is 6-10 months in patients with recurrent GBM (rGBM). In this study, the authors evaluated the role of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in patients with rGBMs. METHODS:The authors performed a retrospective review of their brain tumor database (1997-2016). Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) after salvage SRS were the primary endpoints evaluated. Response to SRS was assessed using volumetric MR images. RESULTS:Fifty-three patients with rGBM underwent salvage SRS targeting 75 lesions. The median tumor diameter and volume were 2.55 cm and 3.80 cm3, respectively. The median prescription dose was 18 Gy (range 12-24 Gy) and the homogeneity index was 1.90 (range 1.11-2.02). The median OS after salvage SRS was estimated to be 11.0 months (95% CI 7.1-12.2) and the median PFS after salvage SRS was 4.4 months (95% CI 3.7-5.0). A Karnofsky Performance Scale score ≥ 80 was independently associated with longer OS, while small tumor volume (< 15 cm3) and less homogeneous treatment plans (homogeneity index > 1.75) were both independently associated with longer OS (p = 0.007 and 0.03) and PFS (p = 0.01 and 0.002, respectively). Based on these factors, 2 prognostic groups were identified for PFS (5.4 vs 3.2 months), while 3 were identified for OS (median OS of 15.2 vs 10.5 vs 5.2 months). CONCLUSIONS:SRS is associated with longer OS and/or PFS in patients with good performance status, small-volume tumor recurrences, and heterogeneous treatment plans. The authors propose a prognostic model to identify a cohort of rGBM patients who may benefit from SRS.

journal_name

J Neurosurg

journal_title

Journal of neurosurgery

authors

Sharma M,Schroeder JL,Elson P,Meola A,Barnett GH,Vogelbaum MA,Suh JH,Chao ST,Mohammadi AM,Stevens GHJ,Murphy ES,Angelov L

doi

10.3171/2018.4.JNS172909

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-10-19 00:00:00

pages

489-499

issue

2

eissn

0022-3085

issn

1933-0693

pii

2018.4.JNS172909

journal_volume

131

pub_type

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