Depression, Socioeconomic Factors, and Ethnicity as Predictors of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Before and After Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:To determine whether cardiac patients with psychosocial or socioeconomic problems have lower peak oxygen uptake ((Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak) and whether these factors modify the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). METHODS:A retrospective cohort study of patients with ischemic heart disease, valvular heart disease, or heart failure referred for CR. (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak was assessed by a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test. Pre-existing depression was defined by use of antidepressants and new-onset depression by a modified Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) questionnaire at CR intake. Socioeconomic status was defined by educational attainment and working status; ethnicity as Western European or non-Western European. Full data from baseline assessment were available on 1217 patients and follow-up on 861 patients. RESULTS:Mean ± SD (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak before CR was 21.8 ± 6.8 mL/kg/min. After multivariable adjustment, lower (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak was associated with lower educational attainment, not working, and non-Western ethnicity but not with depression. Mean improvement of (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak following CR was 2.4 ± 4.3 mL/kg/min. After multivariable adjustment educational attainment, employment status and ethnicity were significant predictors of improvement of (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak while depression was not. CONCLUSION:Education, attachment to the workforce, and ethnicity were all associated with lower (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak before CR, and the disparity was increased following CR. Having pre-existing depression and new-onset depression did not influence (Equation is included in full-text article.)O2peak either before or after CR. These results point to important subgroups in need of specially-tailored rehabilitation programs.

authors

Mikkelsen N,Dall CH,Frederiksen M,Holdgaard A,Rasmusen H,Prescott E

doi

10.1097/HCR.0000000000000367

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-07-01 00:00:00

pages

E1-E6

issue

4

eissn

1932-7501

issn

1932-751X

journal_volume

39

pub_type

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