Microtia in a Chinese Specialty Clinic Population: Clinical Heterogeneity and Associated Congenital Anomalies.


BACKGROUND:Microtia is a congenital anomaly of the external ear that can appear in isolation or in association with other congenital anomalies. In this study, the authors identify the prevalence and phenotypes of associated congenital malformations in patients with microtia in a Chinese specialty clinic population. METHODS:Data were collected from 672 patients seen between December of 2014 and February of 2016 in the Department of Auricular Reconstruction at the Plastic Surgery Hospital of Peking Union Medical College. All patients were examined by trained clinicians and classified into one of three grades of microtia. Co-occurring congenital anomalies were detected and recorded. RESULTS:The majority of study participants were male patients (72 percent), and most participants had unilateral microtia (93 percent, 68 percent of whom had right-side microtia). Two hundred ninety-three patients (44 percent) had one or more associated anomalies. The most commonly occurring comorbid malformations were those of the ear, face, and neck (40 percent of all associated malformations); musculoskeletal system (35 percent); and cardiovascular system (11 percent). CONCLUSIONS:These data represent the first detailed and thematic study of microtia and associated congenital anomalies in a Chinese clinical population. Substantial clinical heterogeneity was observed, and the prevalence of comorbid congenital malformations was high. Future studies investigating congenital anomalies associated with microtia are needed to improve understanding of its cause.


Plast Reconstr Surg


Zhang Y,Jiang H,Yang Q,He L,Yu X,Huang X,Wu R,Yang M,Li C,Pan B




Has Abstract


2018-12-01 00:00:00














  • Three-dimensional facial anthropometry using a laser surface scanner: validation of the technique.

    abstract::Three-dimensional measurement and characterization of facial surface anatomy are fundamental to the objective analysis of facial deformity. However, existing clinical tools are inadequate. Recent innovations in laser scanning technology provide a potentially useful technique for accurate three-dimensional documentatio...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bush K,Antonyshyn O

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • The distally based superficial sural artery island flap: clinical experiences and modifications.

    abstract::The coverage of defects of the Achilles tendon, malleoli, and heel remains a challenge to reconstructive surgeons. The distally based superficial sural artery island flap is vascularized by the median superficial sural artery, posterolateral septal perforators originating from the peroneal artery, neurovascular arteri...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yilmaz M,Karatas O,Barutcu A

    更新日期:1998-12-01 00:00:00

  • A rapid in vitro assay of cellular chemomigration in an epithelial carcinoma cell line.

    abstract::We have studied the chemomigration activity of an epithelial carcinoma cell line using a modified 96-well Boyden chamber apparatus consisting of upper and lower wells separated by an 8-microns pore polycarbonate filter. Cells from the malignant squamous carcinoma cell line A-431 were plated in the upper wells over a c...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ricciardelli EJ,Persing JA,Romano JA,Morgan RF,Ogle RC

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Deep Pyriform Space: Anatomical Clarifications and Clinical Implications.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to define the anatomical boundaries, transformation in the aging face, and clinical implications of the Ristow space. The authors propose a title of deep pyriform space for anatomical continuity. METHODS:The deep pyriform space was dissected in 12 hemifacial fresh cadaver disse...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Surek CK,Vargo J,Lamb J

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Reconstruction of the superior labial sulcus in secondary bilateral cleft lip deformities: an inverted U-shaped flap.

    abstract::A shallow buccal sulcus deformity following bilateral cleft lip repair is not rare. A variety of techniques are described for the secondary reconstruction of a deficient sulcus. Most of these are associated with a variable amount of contraction with subsequent obliteration of the sulcus. In this article, an inverted U...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Erol OO,Ağaoğlu G

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • Noninvoluting congenital hemangioma: a rare cutaneous vascular anomaly.

    abstract::The authors studied a rare, congenital, cutaneous vascular anomaly that grows proportionately with the child and does not regress. A total of 53 patients were compiled from three vascular anomaly centers. These patients' lesions were analyzed for presentation, physical findings, radiologic and histopathologic characte...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Enjolras O,Mulliken JB,Boon LM,Wassef M,Kozakewich HP,Burrows PE

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Revising the nasal tip: a new approach.

    abstract::After a very cautious dissection, the crossing of cartilages is going to produce a "spring effect" which, in pushing them to the right position, will consequently correct the pinch. This is a simple procedure, indicated only for nose tips or, if associated with other techniques, to correct secondary rhinoplasty patien...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ribeiro L

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • Polydioxanone Threads for Facial Rejuvenation: Analysis of Quality Variation in the Market.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Beside botulinum-toxin injections and hyaluronic acid fillers, thread lifts have established themselves as the third column of minimally invasive facial rejuvenation. Most commonly, barbed threads for this approach are made out of polydioxanone, a material known for decades from application in resorbable sut...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aitzetmueller MM,Centeno Cerdas C,Nessbach P,Foehr P,Brett E,Thor D,Machens HG,Burgkart R,Duscher D

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Gene expression of TGF-beta, TGF-beta receptor, and extracellular matrix proteins during membranous bone healing in rats.

    abstract::Poorly healing mandibular fractures and osteotomies can be troublesome complications of craniomaxillofacial trauma and reconstructive surgery. Gene therapy may offer ways of enhancing bone formation by altering the expression of desired growth factors and extracellular matrix molecules. The elucidation of suitable can...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steinbrech DS,Mehrara BJ,Rowe NM,Dudziak ME,Luchs JS,Saadeh PB,Gittes GK,Longaker MT

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Refinements in the elevation of reconstructed auricles in microtia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In the treatment of microtia, the search has been for surgical techniques that prevent postoperative complications and realize sufficient and stable projection of the constructed ear. METHODS:Cartilage was fixed with absorbable synthetic thread instead of wire because wire has a high risk of exposure. A sub...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tai Y,Tanaka S,Fukushima J,Kizuka Y,Kiyokawa K,Inoue Y,Yamauchi T

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Reduction mammaplasty: a prospective study of symptom relief and alterations of skin sensibility.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to evaluate the alterations of symptoms and tactile sensibility of the breast after reduction mammaplasty. In a prospective study, 10 women were operated on using the inferior pedicle technique. The patients were examined and interviewed preoperatively and at 2 weeks and 3 and 12 month...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harbo SO,Jørum E,Roald HE

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Radiographic analysis of the midface of a stillborn infant with a unilateral cleft lip and palate.

    abstract::The midface of a full-term stillborn infant with a right complete unilateral cleft lip and palate was studied with plain-film radiography and tomography, xeroradiography, and computerized axial tomography. Gross skeletal and soft-tissue deficiencies on the cleft side were evident as compared to the noncleft side and i...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dado DV,Kernahan DA

    更新日期:1986-08-01 00:00:00

  • Dermabrasion debridement of the deep dermal burn.

    abstract::Dermabrasion debridement is presented as another method for tangential excision of "deep dermal" burns, with immediate or early skin grafting. The advantages in selected cases seem to be: (1) a more rapid healing; (2) a more stable end result, because dermis is present; (3) prevents spontaneous healing with unstable e...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krant SM,Arons MS

    更新日期:1977-07-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical experience with Heyer-Schulte inflatable implants in breast augmentation.

    abstract::Following breast augmentation, 100 patients with inflatable saline implants were followed for a period of 6 months to 8 1/2 years. Capsular contracture rate, Baker II or greater, was 3.4 percent. This low rate of capsular contracture is attributed to early manipulation of the implant. The deflation rate was also 3.4 p...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Capozzi A

    更新日期:1986-05-01 00:00:00

  • Three-Dimensional Facial Scanning at the Fingertips of Patients and Surgeons: Accuracy and Precision Testing of iPhone X Three-Dimensional Scanner.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The iPhone X (Apple, Inc., Cupertino, Calif.) is the first smartphone to be released with a high-fidelity three-dimensional scanner. At present, half of all U.S. smartphone users use an iPhone. Recent data suggest that the majority of these 230 million individuals will upgrade to the iPhone X within 2 years....

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rudy HL,Wake N,Yee J,Garfein ES,Tepper OM

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Shaped versus Round Implants in Breast Reconstruction: A Multi-Institutional Comparison of Surgical and Patient-Reported Outcomes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Since the 2012 approval of shaped implants, their use in breast reconstruction has increased in the United States. However, large-scale comparisons of complications and patient-reported outcomes are lacking. The authors endeavored to compare surgical and patient-reported outcomes across implant types. METHO...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Khavanin N,Clemens MW,Pusic AL,Fine NA,Hamill JB,Kim HM,Qi J,Wilkins EG,Kim JYS

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term persistence of tissue-engineered adipose flaps in a murine model to 1 year: an update.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Tissue engineering of patient-specific adipose tissue has the potential to revolutionize reconstructive surgery. Numerous models have been described for the production of adipose tissue with success in the short term, but little has been reported on the stability of this tissue-engineered fat beyond 4 months...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Findlay MW,Messina A,Thompson EW,Morrison WA

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • An evaluation of hard palate mucosa graft as a lining material in alar reconstruction: a 7-year experience applied to the full-thickness alar defect.

    abstract::The authors present their experience with 25 hard palate mucosa grafts used as lining material in the reconstruction of full-thickness alar defects. Good "take" was obtained in 22 grafts; the other three grafts incurred necrosis of the overriding skin flaps and postoperative infection. Degree of shrinkage was 11 to 15...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hatoko M,Tanaka A,Kuwahara M,Tada H,Imai K,Muramatsu T

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Novel techniques for the surgical management of abdominopelvic constriction rings in amniotic band syndrome.

    abstract::Constriction rings are associated with amniotic band syndrome and most often present in the extremities. Constriction bands of the trunk are rare, and a standard of surgical care remains elusive. Traditional methods of constriction ring excision rely on soft-tissue rearrangement with multiple Z-plasties, but renewed i...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Capone AC,Balasundaram N,Caouette-Laberge L,Papay FA,Lucas AR,Seifarth FG,Doumit GD

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • The usability of the upper eyelid crease approach for correction of medial orbital wall blowout fracture.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are many approaches to the medial orbital wall. However, most of them have problems with limitation of exposure, scarring, and postoperative inflammatory symptoms related to the eye. The authors used an upper eyelid crease approach to overcome these problems and investigate the usefulness of this appro...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim HS,Kim SE,Evans GRD,Park SH

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cost-Effectiveness of Treatments after Closed Extraarticular Distal Radius Fractures in Older Adults from the WRIST Clinical Trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study performs an economic analysis of volar locking plate, external fixation, percutaneous pinning, or casting in elderly patients with closed distal radius fractures. METHODS:This is a secondary analysis of the Wrist and Radius Injury Surgical Trial, a randomized, multicenter, international clinical ...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yoon AP,Shauver MJ,Hutton DW,Chung KC,WRIST Group.

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Untreated hemangiomas: growth pattern and residual lesions.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hemangiomas of infancy can give rise to alarm because of their rapid growth and occasional dramatic appearance. The objective of this study was to investigate the growth pattern of hemangiomas and risk factors for residual lesions. METHODS:A follow-up study was performed of patients with hemangiomas that we...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bauland CG,Lüning TH,Smit JM,Zeebregts CJ,Spauwen PHM

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • Dynamic abdominoplasty for the treatment of prune belly syndrome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The deficient abdominal wall musculature associated with prune belly syndrome often results in numerous functional disabilities, including diminished cough, impaired bladder and bowel function, and poor posture and balance. Traditional abdominoplasties focus on static fascial excisions or plications. The aut...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fearon JA,Varkarakis G

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • The role of biofilms: are we hitting the right target?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chronic infections affect 17 million people yearly, and approximately 550,000 people die each year from, or with, their chronic infections. Acute and chornic infection differences are well known to clinicians, but the role of bacteria in producing these clinical differences remains poorly understood. METHOD...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wolcott R,Dowd S

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • "Donor" muscle structure and function after end-to-side neurorrhaphy.

    abstract::End-to-end nerve coaptation is the preferred surgical technique for peripheral nerve reconstruction after injury or tumor extirpation. However, if the proximal nerve stump is not available for primary repair, then end-to-side neurorrhaphy may be a reasonable alternative. Numerous studies have demonstrated the effectiv...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cederna PS,Kalliainen LK,Urbanchek MG,Rovak JM,Kuzon WM Jr

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of perioperative adriamycin on skin-graft take and adherence in the rat.

    abstract::This two-part study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of perioperative Adriamycin on skin-graft take and adherence in an animal model. Thirty-four male Fisher rats were divided into control and experimental groups. The controls received intravenous saline, and the experimental animals received Adriamycin 6 mg/kg (...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nappi JF,Falcone RE,Ruberg RL,Innes JA

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • The intravascular stenting method for treatment of extremity lymphedema with multiconfiguration lymphaticovenous anastomoses.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In secondary extremity lymphedema, normal antegrade lymphatic flow is disrupted by the disease state. Attempts to capture aberrant retrograde lymphatic flow by means of microsurgical lymphaticovenous anastomoses have been hindered because of technical limitations. The authors applied the intravascular stenti...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Narushima M,Mihara M,Yamamoto Y,Iida T,Koshima I,Mundinger GS

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Syngeneic Transplantation of Rat Olfactory Stem Cells in a Vein Conduit Improves Facial Movements and Reduces Synkinesis after Facial Nerve Injury.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Posttraumatic facial paralysis is a disabling condition. Current surgical management by faciofacial nerve suture provides limited recovery. To improve the outcome, the authors evaluated an add-on strategy based on a syngeneic transplantation of nasal olfactory stem cells in a rat model of facial nerve injury...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bense F,Montava M,Duclos C,Bisson A,Delarue Q,Mardion NB,Boyer O,Féron F,Guérout N,Marie JP

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Cleft palate closure at 3 to 7 months of age: a preliminary report.

    abstract::The evolution and present criteria for early soft palate closure are reviewed. A definitive group of patients (operated on at 3 to 7 months of age) is reviewed at least 2 years following their surgery. They are compared with our general clinic population (operated on at 12 to 18 months of age) and had significantly fe...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Randall P,LaRossa DD,Fakhraee SM,Cohen MA

    更新日期:1983-05-01 00:00:00

  • Inferior External Pudendal Artery Anastomosis: Additional Approach to Prevent Skin Necrosis in Replanted Penis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Microsurgical anastomosis of the dorsal artery of the penis either with or without anastomosis of the cavernosal artery is the preferred technique for penile replantation. However, postoperative penile skin necrosis is commonly reported with this technique. This study aimed to characterize the anatomy of the...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lohasammakul S,Turbpaiboon C,Ratanalekha R,Ungprasert P,Yodrabum N

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00