The Legacy of 1987 Boreali v. Axelrod: Board of Health Rule-Making Under Siege.


:We explore how a 1987 New York State court decision-Boreali v. Axelrod-affected public health rule-making nationally and, with considerable impact, locally in New York City (NYC).We discuss the history of the origin of the NYC Board of Health (BOH), and establish that legislatures can be challenging venues in which to enact public health-related laws. We describe how, as the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene began to tackle modern public health problems (e.g., chronic diseases caused by food and tobacco), the regulatory power of its BOH was challenged.In an era when industry funds political causes and candidates, the weakening of the independence of rule-making boards of health, such as the NYC BOH, might result in illness and death.


Am J Public Health


Perl SB,Merrill TG,Lopez W,Bassett MT




Has Abstract


2019-01-01 00:00:00












  • The effect of WIC participation on small-for-gestational-age births: Michigan, 1992.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined the relationship between enrollment in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and delivery of small-for-gestational-age infants. METHODS:WIC records were linked with birth certificates for 1992 full-term births; 41,234 WIC records and 18,34 non-W...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahluwalia IB,Hogan VK,Grummer-Strawn L,Colville WR,Peterson A

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Lead poisoning: more than a medical problem.

    abstract::Medical records of 236 Newark, New Jersey children hospitalized and chelated for lead poisoning in 1977 through 1980 were reviewed to determine whether or not any discernible progress had been made in eradicating the disease since 1972. Results show that the number of treated asymptomatic children, ages 1-6, began to ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schneider DJ,Lavenhar MA

    更新日期:1986-03-01 00:00:00

  • Life events, mental health functioning and the use of health care services by the elderly.

    abstract::The association of life events and mental health impairment was studied in a community-based population of the elderly (n = 986). A crude estimate of the relative risk for mental health impairment given life events larger than or equal to 150 (as measured by the Schedule of Recent Events) was 2.14. A relative risk of ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blazer D

    更新日期:1980-11-01 00:00:00

  • Investigating the effect of social changes on age-specific gun-related homicide rates in New York City during the 1990s.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed whether New York City's gun-related homicide rates in the 1990s were associated with a range of social determinants of homicide rates. METHODS:We used cross-sectional time-series data for 74 New York City police precincts from 1990 through 1999, and we estimated Bayesian hierarchical models with...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cerdá M,Messner SF,Tracy M,Vlahov D,Goldmann E,Tardiff KJ,Galea S

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • A closer examination of neonatal mortality rates among the Texas Spanish surname population.

    abstract::Considering the poor socioeconomic status of the Spanish surnamed population in Texas, the Spanish surname neonatal mortality rate seems surprisingly low. During five of the last 10 years, the neonatal mortality rate for Texas Spanish surnamed population was actually lower than for Anglos. It is often suggested that t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Powell-Griner E,Streck D

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of age misstatement on the utility of age-dependent anthropometric indicators of nutritional status in rural Bangladesh.

    abstract::We report the effects of age error on use of weight-for-age and height-for-age for assessing and screening malnutrition, and for identifying factors of malnutrition in 679 children aged 22-59 months in Companiganj, in rural Bangladesh. Overreporting and random error in age and correlation of age error with each of the...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bairagi R,Edmonston B,Khan AD

    更新日期:1987-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of HIV/AIDS intervention groups for high-risk women in urban clinics.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study reports the results of a behavior change intervention offered to women at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection seen in an urban primary health care clinic. METHODS:Participants were 197 women randomly assigned to either an HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) risk re...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kelly JA,Murphy DA,Washington CD,Wilson TS,Koob JJ,Davis DR,Ledezma G,Davantes B

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Parasitic disease control in a residential facility for the mentally retarded.

    abstract::Asymptomatic infection with either Entameba histolytica or Giardia lamblia was found in 61 per cent of the residents of a dormitory in an institution for the mentally retarded; two other dormitories had rates of 20 per cent and 22 per cent. Drug therapy was successfully undertaken in all three dormitories, and environ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thacker SB,Simpson S,Gordon TJ,Wolfe M,Kimball AM

    更新日期:1979-12-01 00:00:00

  • Pregnancy among the Hmong: birthweight, age, and parity.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The influx of Southeast Asians into the United States allows for the study of this special population and contributes to a broader understanding of reproductive health. METHODS:We used information on birth certificates to identify 1937 Hmong children born 1985 through 1988 in California, and we compared bir...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Helsel D,Petitti DB,Kunstadter P

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Diaper Need Met Among Low-Income US Children Younger Than 4 Years in 2016.

    abstract::Objectives. To document the collective effort of diaper banks in the United States and to estimate the percentage of low-income children whose diaper need is met through these efforts.Methods. For each state, we compared the number of children younger than 4 years in families living at or below 200% of the federal pov...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Massengale KEC,Comer LH,Austin AE,Goldblum JS

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of green buildings on employee health and productivity.

    abstract::We investigated the effects of improved indoor environmental quality (IEQ) on perceived health and productivity in occupants who moved from conventional to green (according to Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design ratings) office buildings. In 2 retrospective-prospective case studies we found that improved IEQ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singh A,Syal M,Grady SC,Korkmaz S

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Housing and health in Europe: preliminary results of a pan-European study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The World Health Organization's Regional Office for Europe has undertaken a large study to evaluate housing and health in 7 European cities. METHODS:Survey tools were used to obtain information about housing and living conditions, health perception, and health status from a representative sample of the popu...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bonnefoy XR,Braubach M,Moissonnier B,Monolbaev K,Röbbel N

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Cryptosporidiosis and surface water.

    abstract::In the period July through October, 1986, 78 laboratory-confirmed cases of cryptosporidiosis were identified in New Mexico. To determine possible risk factors for development of this disease, we conducted a case-control study; 24 case-patients and 46 neighborhood controls were interviewed. Seventeen (71 per cent) of t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gallaher MM,Herndon JL,Nims LJ,Sterling CR,Grabowski DJ,Hull HF

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • NAVIGATING the future through the past: the enduring historical legacy of federal children's health programs in the United States.

    abstract::The United States excels at treating the most complex medical conditions, but our low-ranking health statistics (relative to other countries) do not match our high-end health care spending. One way to understand this paradox is to examine the history of federal children's health programs. In the 1800s, children's heal...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Brosco JP

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and correlates of forced sex perpetration and victimization in Botswana and Swaziland.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to identify correlates of forced sex perpetration among men and victimization among women in Botswana and Swaziland. METHODS:We surveyed a 2-stage probability sample of 2074 adults from the 5 districts of Botswana with the highest HIV prevalence rates and all 4 regions of Swaziland. We used multiv...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsai AC,Leiter K,Heisler M,Iacopino V,Wolfe W,Shannon K,Phaladze N,Hlanze Z,Weiser SD

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Syndemic theory and HIV-related risk among young transgender women: the role of multiple, co-occurring health problems and social marginalization.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed whether multiple psychosocial factors are additive in their relationship to sexual risk behavior and self-reported HIV status (i.e., can be characterized as a syndemic) among young transgender women and the relationship of indicators of social marginalization to psychosocial factors. METHODS:Par...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brennan J,Kuhns LM,Johnson AK,Belzer M,Wilson EC,Garofalo R,Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV\/AIDS Interventions.

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Examining the impact of the walking school bus with an agent-based model.

    abstract::We used an agent-based model to examine the impact of the walking school bus (WSB) on children's active travel to school. We identified a synergistic effect of the WSB with other intervention components such as an educational campaign designed to improve attitudes toward active travel to school. Results suggest that t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang Y,Diez-Roux A,Evenson KR,Colabianchi N

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Serum ascorbic acid and other correlates of gallbladder disease among US adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined the correlates of clinical gallbladder disease among US adults and whether serum ascorbic acid levels are associated with a decreased prevalence of gallbladder disease. METHODS:Cross-sectional analyses of data from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were conducte...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simon JA,Hudes ES

    更新日期:1998-08-01 00:00:00

  • Polychlorinated biphenyls: influence on birthweight and gestation.

    abstract::Fifty-one infants born to women employed at two capacitor manufacturing facilities with a history of high exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) had a mean birthweight of 153 grams less than that of 337 infants born to women who had worked in low-exposure areas (90 per cent confidence interval, -286 to -20 g); m...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor PR,Lawrence CE,Hwang HL,Paulson AS

    更新日期:1984-10-01 00:00:00

  • HIV infection and risk behaviors among male port workers in Santos, Brazil.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This paper measured the extent to which human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has spread among the male working-class population of Santos, Brazil. METHODS:Questionnaires on risk behaviors and blood tests were administered to a random sample (n = 395) of male port workers employed by the Santos Port ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larcerda R,Stall R,Gravato N,Tellini R,Hudes ES,Hearst N

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Changing the child labor laws for agriculture: impact on injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The child labor laws are intended to protect young workers from the most dangerous jobs. However, children who work on their parents' farms are exempt from these laws. We evaluated the potential for preventing the occurrence of farm injuries among children by changing the US Federal Child Labor Laws, Hazardou...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marlenga B,Berg RL,Linneman JG,Brison RJ,Pickett W

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Neighborhoods and obesity in later life.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the influence of neighborhood environment on the weight status of adults 55 years and older. METHODS:We conducted a 2-level logistic regression analysis of data from the 2002 wave of the Health and Retirement Study. We included 8 neighborhood scales: economic advantage, economic disadvantage, ai...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grafova IB,Freedman VA,Kumar R,Rogowski J

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Symptoms of depression among blacks and whites.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones-Webb RJ,Snowden LR

    更新日期:1993-02-01 00:00:00

  • Injectable contraceptive discontinuation and subsequent unintended pregnancy among low-income women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study investigated rates of discontinuation of the recently introduced injectable contraceptive depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and postdiscontinuation rates of unprotected intercourse and unintended pregnancy. METHODS:A sample of 402 low-income, urban, minority women were interviewed when the...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davidson AR,Kalmuss D,Cushman LF,Romero D,Heartwell S,Rulin M

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and correlates of survival sex among runaway and homeless youth.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined the prevalence and correlates of survival sex among runaway and homeless youths. METHODS:A nationally representative sample of shelter youths and a multicity sample of street youths were interviewed. RESULTS:Approximately 28% of street youths and 10% of shelter youths reported having par...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greene JM,Ennett ST,Ringwalt CL

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Fear of dying and HIV infection vs hepatitis B infection.

    abstract::Accidental exposure to the blood of hepatitis B patients produced less fear than does accidental exposure today to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), even though both have an approximately equal overall risk of death (approximately 1%). Subjects responding to hypothetical insect-exposure and disease-exposure scen...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schneiderman LJ,Kaplan RM

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhatia R,Katz M

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • Epigenome: biosensor of cumulative exposure to chemical and nonchemical stressors related to environmental justice.

    abstract::Understanding differential disease susceptibility requires new tools to quantify the cumulative effects of environmental stress. Evidence suggests that social, physical, and chemical stressors can influence disease through the accumulation of epigenetic modifications. Geographically stable epigenetic alterations could...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olden K,Lin YS,Gruber D,Sonawane B

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • An outbreak of waterborne giardiasis associated with heavy water runoff due to warm weather and volcanic ashfall.

    abstract::From mid-June through early August 1980, an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness in Red Lodge, Montana affected approximately 780 persons, as estimated from attack rates of 33 per cent and 15 per cent in urban and rural residents, respectively. Giardia lamblia was identified in stool specimens from 51 per cent of 47 p...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weniger BG,Blaser MJ,Gedrose J,Lippy EC,Juranek DD

    更新日期:1983-08-01 00:00:00

  • Lifetime segmented assimilation trajectories and health outcomes in Latino and other community residents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Under an ecodevelopmental framework, we examined lifetime segmented assimilation trajectories (diverging assimilation pathways influenced by prior life conditions) and related them to quality-of-life indicators in a diverse sample of 258 men in the Phoenix, AZ, metropolitan area. METHODS:We used a growth mi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castro FG,Marsiglia FF,Kulis S,Kellison JG

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00