The Cambridge experience with buried bumpers.

Abstract:

AIM:Buried Bumper (BB) is a complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) that leads to tube dysfunction and major morbidity. Although many techniques have been described to manage BB, none are universally adopted, and laparotomy remains the mainstay. We introduce a novel endoscopic technique in paediatric surgery that avoids laparotomy. METHODS:A retrospective review of medical records of patients who presented with BB to Cambridge University Hospital, UK, between January 2012 and June 2018 was done. Data collected included: demographics, tube size and type, interval between insertion and diagnosis of BB, hospital stay, technique used, and postoperative complications. The technique involved using an endoscopic snare passed from inside the stomach lumen through the PEG lumen to the outside, guided if required by a stiff nylon thread if no part of the PEG was visible, grasping the PEG tube externally after cutting it short, followed by a retrograde pull to remove the buried tube via the mouth. MAIN RESULTS:Fifteen BBs were found in ten patients. Median patient age was 5.25 years (1.2-16.6). Median time between gastrostomy insertion and diagnosis of BB was 9 months (1-32). Twelve BBs were removed endoscopically with no postoperative complications. Patients had a replacement inserted through the original track and were discharged within 24 h. Two underwent laparotomies performed by surgeons unfamiliar with endoscopic technique, and one was converted to laparotomy owing to inability to transverse an encrusted and closed PEG tube lumen. CONCLUSION:Endoscopic retrograde BB removal is a safe, easy, and quick technique with minimal complications. We strongly advocate widespread adoption of the technique before considering a laparotomy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Treatment study: Level IV.

journal_name

J Pediatr Surg

authors

Goneidy A,Malakounides G,Aslam A

doi

10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.10.084

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-02-01 00:00:00

pages

263-265

issue

2

eissn

0022-3468

issn

1531-5037

pii

S0022-3468(18)30744-9

journal_volume

54

pub_type

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