NIOSH's Respiratory Health Division: 50 years of science and service.

Abstract:

:The year 2017 marked the 50th anniversary of NIOSH's Respiratory Health Division (RHD). RHD began in 1967 as the Appalachian Laboratory for Occupational Respiratory Diseases (ALFORD), with a focus on coal workers' pneumoconiosis. ALFORD became part of NIOSH in 1971 and added activities to address work-related respiratory disease more generally. Health hazard evaluations played an important role in understanding novel respiratory hazards such as nylon flock, diacetyl, and indium-tin oxide. Epidemiologic and laboratory studies addressed many respiratory hazards, including coal mine dust, silica, asbestos, cotton dust, beryllium, diesel exhaust, and dampness and mold. Surveillance activities tracked the burden of diseases and enhanced the quality of spirometry and chest radiography used to screen workers. RHD's efforts to improve scientific understanding, inform strategies for prevention, and disseminate knowledge remain important now and for the future.

authors

Cummings KJ,Johns DO,Mazurek JM,Hearl FJ,Weissman DN

doi

10.1080/19338244.2018.1532387

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-01-01 00:00:00

pages

15-29

issue

1-2

eissn

1933-8244

issn

2154-4700

journal_volume

74

pub_type

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