Yak OXGR1 promotes fibroblast proliferation via the PI3K/AKT pathways.

Abstract:

:Oxoglutarate receptor 1 (OXGR1), as one of the intermediates in G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), plays a crucial role in the citric acid cycle receptor of α-ketoglutarate and metabolism. GPCR can control the cell proliferation by regulating the downstream signaling of G protein signaling pathways. The PI3K/AKT pathway transmits the downstream signals of GPCRs and receptor tyrosine kinases. However, the specific role of OXGR1 promoting cell proliferation and differentiation are still unknown. In current study, the over-expression vector and knockdown sequence of yak OXGR1 were transfected into yak fibroblasts, and the effects were detected by a series of assays. The results revealed that OXGR1 expression in yak lung parenchyma tissue was significantly higher than that of other tissues. In yak fibroblasts, the upregulated expression of OXGR1 resulted in activating the PIK3CG (downstream signal) of the PI3K/AKT1 pathway that can upregulated the expression of proliferation genes ( CDK1, PCNA, and CyclinD1) and promote cell proliferation. Conversely, the downregulated expression of OXGR1 inhibited cell proliferation via PI3K/AKT1 pathway. Cell cycle and cell proliferation assays demonstrated that over-expression of OXGR1 can enhanced the DNA synthesis and promoted yak fibroblasts proliferation. While the conversely, knockdown of OXGR1 can decreased DNA synthesis and inhibited cell proliferation. These results illustrated that changes of OXGR1 expression can trigger the fibroblasts proliferation via PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, which indicating that OXGR1 is a novel regulator for cell proliferation and differentiation. Furthermore, these results provide evidence supporting the functional role of GPCRs-PI3K-AKT1 and OXGR1 in cell proliferation.

journal_name

J Cell Biochem

authors

Wang Q,Zhang Q,Zhang Y,Zhao X

doi

10.1002/jcb.27970

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-04-01 00:00:00

pages

6729-6740

issue

4

eissn

0730-2312

issn

1097-4644

journal_volume

120

pub_type

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