Superficial Circumflex Iliac Artery Perforator Flap: An Anatomical Study of the Correlation of the Superficial and the Deep Branches of the Artery and Evaluation of Perfusion from the Deep Branch to the Sartorius Muscle and the Iliac Bone.


BACKGROUND:Harvesting the sartorius muscle and the iliac bone with a superficial circumflex iliac artery (SCIA) perforator flap can be a challenging procedure. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomical topology of the deep branch of the SCIA in fresh cadavers, which has not been reported in detail. METHODS:Twenty groin regions from 10 fresh cadavers were dissected. The characteristics and landmarks of the SCIA system, including branches to the sartorius muscle and the iliac bone, were examined. Perfusion of the sartorius muscle and the iliac bone by means of the deep branch of the SCIA was evaluated with indocyanine green angiography and computed tomographic angiography. RESULTS:The superficial and the deep branches were identifiable in all specimens. In 85 percent of the specimens, the bifurcation point could be seen within 2 cm from a fixed site: 6 cm from the pubic tubercle to the anterior superior iliac spine, and 3 cm caudal from that point. The deep branch in each case gave off branches to the sartorius muscle and the iliac bone. The cephalad portion of the sartorius muscle (up to 8 cm from the anterior superior iliac spine) and the superficial portion of the iliac bone (up to 1.5 cm from the iliac crest) were perfused by the deep branch of the SCIA. CONCLUSIONS:In all specimens, both the superficial branch and the deep branch of the SCIA were found. The deep branch was found consistently to give off perfusing branches to the sartorius muscle and the iliac bone.


Plast Reconstr Surg


Yoshimatsu H,Steinbacher J,Meng S,Hamscha UM,Weninger WJ,Tinhofer IE,Harima M,Fuse Y,Yamamoto T,Tzou CHJ




Has Abstract


2019-02-01 00:00:00














  • Collateral sprouting occurs following end-to-side neurorrhaphy.

    abstract::Recent evidence supports the use of end-to-side neurorrhaphy for the treatment of certain peripheral nerve disorders. However, the mechanism by which nerves regenerate following this procedure is still unclear. To address this question, the authors designed a new end-to-side coaptation model in rats in which the donor...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hayashi A,Yanai A,Komuro Y,Nishida M,Inoue M,Seki T

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence-Based Education in Plastic Surgery.

    abstract::Educational reforms in resident training have historically been driven by reports from medical societies and organizations. Although educational initiatives are well intended, they are rarely supported by robust evidence. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education recently introduced competency-based tra...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Johnson SP,Chung KC,Waljee JF

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Computerized tomography and B-scan ultrasonography in the diagnosis of fractures of the medial orbital wall.

    abstract::Ultrasound and CT scans have been used to examine 12 patients with suspected medial orbital wall fractures. A good correlation between ultrasound and CT scanning was demonstrated, and the authors believe that either investigation is a suitable alternative to conventional radiology when this type of injury is suspected...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ord RA,Le May M,Duncan JG,Moos KF

    更新日期:1981-03-01 00:00:00

  • The Essential Anatomical Subunit Approximation Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair.

    abstract::The anatomical subunit approximation cleft lip repair advantageously achieves a balanced lip contour, with the line of repair hidden along seams of aesthetic subunits. Dr. David Fisher's original description of the repair reflects the considerable thought that went into the evolution of his design. As his technique ha...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chong DK,Swanson JW

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Trials and tribulations with the inferior gluteal artery perforator flap in autologous breast reconstruction.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Perforator free flaps from the buttock serve as an alternative to abdominally based flaps in autologous breast reconstruction. Microsurgeons often opt to harvest tissue from the gluteal donor site because of a lack of abdominal volume and/or quality. The authors examined the experience of a single surgeon wi...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mirzabeigi MN,Au A,Jandali S,Natoli N,Sbitany H,Serletti JM

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Operating room fires: optimizing safety.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This prospective study was undertaken to determine the safest means of supplemental oxygen delivery for patients undergoing facial cosmetic surgery under conscious sedation. Two common methods of oxygen delivery were used in 20 patients: (1) a nasal cannula and (2) a red rubber nasopharyngeal tube through wh...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meneghetti SC,Morgan MM,Fritz J,Borkowski RG,Djohan R,Zins JE

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Free tissue transfer in patients with renal disease.

    abstract::Several authors have cited renal disease as a risk factor for free flap failure. The authors performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent free tissue transfer with concomitant renal disease, including acute renal failure, end-stage renal disease, chronic renal insufficiency, and functional kidney t...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moran SL,Salgado CJ,Serletti JM

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Combined anterolateral thigh flap and vascularized fibula osteoseptocutaneous flap in reconstruction of extensive composite mandibular defects.

    abstract::Extensive composite defects of the oromandibular area are usually created after the surgical treatment of T3 and T4 cancers, requiring complex reconstructive plastic surgical procedures. The preferred treatment method for this type of defect is reconstruction with two free flaps. The use of the vascularized fibula ost...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wei FC,Celik N,Chen HC,Cheng MH,Huang WC

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lessons from American Board of Plastic Surgery Maintenance of Certification Tracer Data: A 16-Year Review of Clinical Practice Patterns and Evidence-Based Medicine in Cleft Palate Repair.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:As a component of the Maintenance of Certification process from 2003 to 2019, the American Board of Plastic Surgery tracked 20 common plastic surgery operations. By evaluating the data collected over 16 years, the authors are able to examine the practice patterns of pediatric/craniofacial surgeons in the Uni...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kearney AM,Gart MS,Brandt KE,Gosain AK

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Improved myoelectric prosthesis control accomplished using multiple nerve transfers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The control of shoulder-level disarticulation prostheses is significantly more difficult than that of prostheses for more distal amputations. Amputees have significant difficulties coordinating the separate functions of prosthetic shoulder, elbow, wrist, and hand/hook components. The user must lock one joint...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hijjawi JB,Kuiken TA,Lipschutz RD,Miller LA,Stubblefield KA,Dumanian GA

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • The Auto-eFACE: Machine Learning-Enhanced Program Yields Automated Facial Palsy Assessment Tool.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Facial palsy assessment is nonstandardized. Clinician-graded scales are limited by subjectivity and observer bias. Computer-aided grading would be desirable to achieve conformity in facial palsy assessment and to compare the effectiveness of treatments. This research compares the clinician-graded eFACE scale...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller MQ,Hadlock TA,Fortier E,Guarin DL

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Perfusion Bioreactor Culture of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Enhances Cranial Defect Regeneration.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cell-seeded biomaterial scaffolds have been proposed as a future option for reconstruction of bone tissue. The ability to generate larger, functional volumes of bone has been a challenge that may be addressed through the use of perfusion bioreactors. In this study, the authors investigated use of a tubular p...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gandhi JK,Kao SW,Roux BM,Rodriguez RA,Tang SJ,Fisher JP,Cheng MH,Brey EM

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • The Risk of Complications after Carpal Tunnel Release in Patients Taking Acetylsalicylic Acid as Platelet Inhibition: A Multicenter Propensity Score-Matched Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Carpal tunnel release is one of the most common procedures in hand surgery. There is only scarce evidence regarding whether platelet inhibitors increase the risk of developing postoperative hemorrhage in carpal tunnel release. METHODS:This is a multicenter, propensity score-matched study including 635 carpa...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Kaltenborn A,Frey-Wille S,Hoffmann S,Wille J,Schulze C,Settje A,Vogt PM,Gutcke A,Ruettermann M

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • The role of tissue expansion in the management of large congenital pigmented nevi of the forehead in the pediatric patient.

    abstract::The authors present a cohort of 21 consecutive patients who had congenital pigmented nevi covering 15 to 65 percent of the forehead and adjacent scalp and who were treated at their institution within the last 12 years. All patients were treated with an expansion of the adjacent texture- and color-matched skin as the p...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bauer BS,Few JW,Chavez CD,Galiano RD

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Gender Disparities in Preoperative Resource Use for Wrist Arthroscopy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although national efforts to minimize gender biases exist, gender differences in surgery persist. This study aims to investigate gender differences in preoperative resource use of patients undergoing wrist arthroscopy for nontraumatic wrist pain. METHODS:Patients who underwent a wrist arthroscopy for nontra...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Billig JI,Sterbenz JM,Zhong L,Chung KC

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Deep Pyriform Space: Anatomical Clarifications and Clinical Implications.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to define the anatomical boundaries, transformation in the aging face, and clinical implications of the Ristow space. The authors propose a title of deep pyriform space for anatomical continuity. METHODS:The deep pyriform space was dissected in 12 hemifacial fresh cadaver disse...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Surek CK,Vargo J,Lamb J

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • In vitro deflation of prefilled saline breast implants.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not prefilled breast implants retain their volume in packaging. METHODS:This study examined 32 Poly Implant Prosthesis prefilled textured saline breast implants. All of these implants were within the manufacturer's expiration date at the time of weighing...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stevens WG,Hirsch EM,Stoker DA,Cohen R

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Comparison of Bupivacaine versus Liposomal Bupivacaine for Pain Management after Unilateral Delayed Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Free Flap Reconstruction.

    abstract::Effective postsurgical analgesia is a critical aspect of patient recovery. The goal of this prospective, randomized, controlled, blinded study was to examine the effect that liposomal bupivacaine delivered by means of a transversus abdominis plane block has on pain control in women undergoing unilateral deep inferior ...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Gatherwright J,Knackstedt RW,Ghaznavi AM,Bernard S,Schwarz G,Moreira A,Gurunluoglu R,Djohan R

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Patients' Preferences for Treatment for Dupuytren's Disease: A Discrete Choice Experiment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although in modern medicine, patients' preferences are important, these have never been defined for characteristics of Dupuytren treatment. This study determines these patients' preferences using a discrete choice experiment. METHODS:A multicenter discrete choice experiment study was conducted among patient...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Kan HJ,de Bekker-Grob EW,van Marion ES,van Oijen GW,van Nieuwenhoven CA,Zhou C,Hovius SER,Selles RW

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mitochondrial activity of orbicularis oris muscle in unilateral cleft lip patients.

    abstract::To better evaluate the role of a possible mitochondrial alteration in the pathogenesis of cleft lip, we obtained and examined 38 orbicularis oris muscle specimens taken from the cleft margin of both cleft and noncleft sides of 10 unilateral cleft lip infants at the time of primary closure. Part of each sample was froz...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raposio E,Bado M,Verrina G,Santi P

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Sensation recovery on innervated radial forearm flap for hemiglossectomy reconstruction by using different recipient nerves.

    abstract::The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the extent of sensory recovery on hemitongues reconstructed with innervated radial forearm flaps and (2) to assess the influence of various clinical and surgical factors over the return of sensation, including the use of different recipient nerves for neurorrhaphy. Tw...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santamaria E,Wei FC,Chen IH,Chuang DC

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Carcinoma of the breast occurring in routine reduction mammaplasty.

    abstract::We report the case of an 18-year-old female undergoing routine reduction mammaplasty in whom bilateral diffuse intraductal cribriform breast carcinoma was reported upon review of the surgical specimen. This highlights the importance not only of sending specimens for pathologic examination, but also of marking the spec...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dinner MI,Artz JS

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Heel coverage with a T-shaped distally based sural island fasciocutaneous flap.

    abstract::Two cases of heel damage that were reconstructed with a T-shaped distally based island fasciocutaneous flap in the sural area are presented. This flap is vascularized by the distal sural arterial network. The advantages of this flap are: (1) It does not sacrifice any major arteries of the leg. (2) It covers the whole ...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hyakusoku H,Tonegawa H,Fumiiri M

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment of breast animation deformity in implant-based reconstruction with pocket change to the subcutaneous position.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Breast animation may be an unfortunate result of subpectoral implant-based reconstruction following mastectomy. This article reviews a novel approach to the treatment of animation deformity in cases of reconstruction, whereby the pectoralis major muscle is sutured down to the chest wall and the implant is tr...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hammond DC,Schmitt WP,O'Connor EA

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Vascular anatomy of the anterolateral thigh flap.

    abstract::Arterial and venous anatomy and their relation to the anterolateral thigh flap were examined in 10 specimens of six fresh cadavers in which radiopaque materials were injected into both the arterial and venous systems. Territories and positions of individual perforating arteries were measured, and the venous drainage p...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kawai K,Imanishi N,Nakajima H,Aiso S,Kakibuchi M,Hosokawa K

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Systematic Review of the Impact of Acellular Dermal Matrix on Aesthetics and Patient Satisfaction in Tissue Expander-to-Implant Breast Reconstructions.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Acellular dermal matrix is used in most postmastectomy implant-based breast reconstructions in the United States. It is believed to be safe, despite a slightly increased complication rate. Although never established in a unifying study, the primary advantage of acellular dermal matrix is believed to be an en...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: DeLong MR,Tandon VJ,Farajzadeh M,Berlin NL,MacEachern MP,Rudkin GH,Da Lio AL,Cederna PS

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Online patient resources for breast reconstruction: an analysis of readability.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Online resources for health information are commonly used by many patients. The discrepancy between functional health literacy and available patient information is recognized as an important contributor to health disparities. To provide understandable patient information, the National Institutes of Health an...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vargas CR,Koolen PGL,Chuang DJ,Ganor O,Lee BT

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • The vascular basis of perforator flaps based on the source arteries of the lateral lumbar region.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Perforator flaps based on the integument of the trunk have been well described in the literature; however, the anatomy of many donor sites has yet to be adequately documented. The integument of the lateral lumbar region of the trunk is supplied by a number of source arteries (lower posterior intercostal, lum...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Offman SL,Geddes CR,Tang M,Morris SF

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • The bladder flap for urethral reconstruction in total phalloplasty.

    abstract::At the University of Virginia Hospital we have developed a new technique of urethroplasty utilizing a full-thickness flap of bladder wall. Tubing and transfer of the flap may be completed in two stages. The bladder flap is approximately 28 X 4 cm in size. Strictures have not occurred with this technique, but special c...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edgerton MT,Gillenwater JY,Kenney JG,Horowitz J

    更新日期:1984-08-01 00:00:00

  • A simple method for the correction of the inverted nipple.

    abstract::A procedure is described in which a direct approach to the underlying pathology of the inverted nipple is undertaken. The inverted nipple is raised as desired by freeing it from the surrounding tissue by vertical and horizontal undermining and then is stabilized by purse-string suture. It can be performed as an office...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hauben DJ,Mahler D

    更新日期:1983-04-01 00:00:00