Antibodies to vaccine antigens in pooled polyclonal human IgG products.

Abstract:

:Immune-deficient patients depend on the antibodies in pooled human immunoglobulin G (IgG) preparations to remain free from serious infections. The potency of IgG preparations is therefore an ongoing concern. The use of pooled IgG to prevent infection is based on the concept that healthy adults have recovered from infections earlier in life and maintain relatively high antibody titers. In general, vaccine-induced immunity is less robust or long-lasting than immunity after natural infection, and many infectious diseases which were formerly widely prevalent have become much less common due to improved hygiene and vaccines. This raises questions as to the adequacy of protective antibodies in current IgG preparations. This paper reviews available data on antibodies against selected bacterial and virus vaccine antigens in current IgG products. Most products contain sufficient antibody to yield levels above minimal protective concentrations to a broad range of pathogens and toxins. Illustrative examples of effects of vaccines on antibody content of IgG products are also discussed: antibody titers to hepatitis A virus in donor plasma pools in both the US and EU are dropping due to decreased natural infection, but they are still sufficient to provide robust protection. Increasing seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus as a result of immunization suggests that antibody titers against this virus may actually be increasing. Finally, serial studies suggest that pooled IgG provides protection against seasonal influenza viruses despite year-to-year antigenic drift, and is also likely to provide at least some protective antibody against potentially pandemic strains.

journal_name

Transfusion

journal_title

Transfusion

authors

Berger M

doi

10.1111/trf.15017

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-12-01 00:00:00

pages

3096-3105

eissn

0041-1132

issn

1537-2995

journal_volume

58 Suppl 3

pub_type

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