Antibiofilm elastin-like polypeptide coatings: functionality, stability, and selectivity.


:Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are currently receiving interest as an alternative to conventional antibiotics to treat biomaterial-associated infection. However, the inherent instability of such peptides often limits their efficacy in intended clinical applications. Covalent immobilization of AMPs to surfaces is one strategy to increase the long-term stability and minimize the toxicity. In this work, an antimicrobial peptide, RRPRPRPRPWWWW-NH2 (RRP9W4N), was used to modify elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) surface coatings containing cell-adhesive peptide domains (RGD) using covalent chemistry. The AMP retained its antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa when covalently bonded to ELP surfaces. Simultaneously, the AMP functionalization had insignificant effect on the viability, function, and differentiation of human osteosarcoma MG63 cells and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Furthermore, stability of the immobilized AMP in human blood serum was investigated, and the results suggested that the AMP preserved its antibacterial activity up to 24 h. Combined, the results show that covalently attached AMPs onto RGD-containing ELP are an excellent candidate as an antimicrobial coating for medical devices. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Biomaterial associated infection, caused by adherent biofilm, is usually difficult to treat. There is a high demand for new materials and treatments to decrease the infection rates, especially with increasing threats concerning resistant bacteria. Formation of biofilms on medical devices lowers the bacteria susceptibility towards traditional antibiotics and also circumvent our immune system often resulting in revisional surgery and extensive use of antibiotics. One promising strategy is to develop surfaces having low bacterial attractiveness or bacterial killing properties, but still retaining the main function of the device. In this study, we have developed an implant coating that demonstrates a high antimicrobial effect and at the same time showing no negative affect on human cells.


Acta Biomater


Acta biomaterialia


Atefyekta S,Pihl M,Lindsay C,Heilshorn SC,Andersson M




Has Abstract


2019-01-01 00:00:00












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