Restless Legs Syndrome in Children.


:Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common pediatric condition that often goes undiagnosed. The genetics and pathophysiology of this sensorimotor condition are still not well understood. RLS can affect any part of the body, but the thighs and calves are the most commonly affected. Because of unpleasant sensations caused by RLS, these patients experience sleep disturbance and its consequences. The diagnosis of RLS is a clinical one. RLS occurs at a higher frequency and the symptoms are more severe in patients with iron deficiency; therefore, correcting iron deficiency improves the symptoms. Both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions can be effective in the treatment of children with RLS. However, in contrast to adults with RLS, most children with RLS are not treated with pharmacologic agents because the symptoms are not as severe as they are in adults. [Pediatr Ann. 2018;47(12):e504-e506.].


Pediatr Ann


Pediatric annals


Howard H,Kamat D




Has Abstract


2018-12-01 00:00:00












  • Practical management of eosinophilic esophagitis.

    abstract::CME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES 1. Determine the clinical presentation and diagnostic criteria for eosinophilic esophagitis in children. 2. Discuss the three major treatment strategies for eosinophilic esophagitis. 3. Provide key strategies for practical identification and management of eosinophilic esophagitis in children...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Davis CM

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis.

    abstract::Pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis is a multifactorial inflammatory and infectious disorder. It likely reflects a dysfunction at the site of the interaction between host and environmental factors in the nose and sinuses. Our limited understanding of this common childhood disease makes it difficult to diagnose and to tre...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Silviu-Dan F

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Medical Anthropology in Pediatrics: Improving Disparities by Partnering with Families.

    abstract::Cultural health beliefs and practices often affect accuracy of diagnoses, health care delivery, and treatment plan adherence, which can lead to health disparity. However, the effect of these belief systems, and acceptance of health care provider recommendations is not commonly discussed. As the proportion of patients ...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mandlik N,Kamat D

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Toxicologic emergencies.

    abstract::Following toxic ingestions, attention must first focus on the stabilization of the patient with concurrent attention to the prevention of absorption and the enhancement of excretion of the toxic substance ingested. A careful history and physical examination supported by laboratory data should assist in defining ingest...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Barkin RM

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • Prevention of meningococcal infections in the first 2 years of life.

    abstract::The spectrum of disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis includes bacteremia, fulminant sepsis (meningococcemia), meningitis, and pneumonia. The incidence of meningococcal infection has long been higher in infancy than adolescents or adults older than 65 years (a third group with an increased risk based on age). Five ...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Woods CR

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Food Allergies and Eczema.

    abstract::Eczema is one of the most common skin conditions of childhood. Patients with eczema suffer in a chronic cycle of itch, scratch, and inflammation. For children with severe eczema, constant itching and scratching can have many consequences including skin infections, behavioral issues, and sleep problems. Parents often f...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santiago S

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Therapeutic approach to the failing heart.

    abstract::Currently recommended dosages for the more commonly prescribed drugs discussed above are given in Table 3. The approach to the failing heart in the pediatric patient requires an understanding of the pathophysiology of heart failure and an understanding of the mechanisms, effects and clinical pharmacology of several cl...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Green TP

    更新日期:1985-04-01 00:00:00

  • Developmental and family effects of autism.

    abstract::Autistic disorder is a developmental disorder, the course of which grows out of the interaction of a chronic brain syndrome with the changes of maturation and development and a patchwork of habilitative programs. Definitive intervention awaits better definition through neuroanatomic and neurobehavioral studies. Invest...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Levitas A

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • A Phenotypic Female Adolescent with Primary Amenorrhea and Dysmorphic Features.

    abstract::We report on a case of a 14-year-old phenotypic female with a microdeletion at 13q31.1-q31.3, dysmorphic facial and limb features, and neurologic symptoms. She presented to her pediatrician with concerns for delayed puberty, and laboratory analysis revealed hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. She was found to have an XY k...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kanabolo D,Rodriguez J,Waggoner D,Tucker S,Deplewski D,Kaumeyer B,Lastra RR,Gundeti M

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Addressing ethical issues in everyday practice.

    abstract::In primary-care practice, just as in critical care, ethical dilemmas challenge pediatricians to make choices in the best interests of their patients. Parents are important to the growth and development of children and have broad responsibility for making virtually all decisions regarding nutrition, clothing, housing, ...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fleischman AR,Collogan L

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing Nutritional Risk Among Infants and Toddlers in Primary Care Practice.

    abstract::Traditionally, nutritional risk has been defined by growth failure, with clinical intervention indicated when a child falls below the third to fifth percentile on growth charts. Although the velocity of linear growth and weight gain during the first years are unparalleled at any other time of life, this period is also...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murray RD

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Inguinal and scrotal problems in infants and children.

    abstract::Early and accurate diagnosis will not only prevent the catastrophe of gangrenous bowel in infants and children with inguinal and femoral hernia, but in the case of hydrocele will also avoid unnecessary parental anxiety. An accurate diagnosis and knowledge of the natural history of inguinal conditions can avoid unneces...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Campbell JR

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • Tic disorders.

    abstract::This article has provided an approach to patients who present with Tourette's syndrome or other tic disorders. The goals are to clarify each of the problems, to determine whether the major source of distress is related to tics or associated behaviors, and to develop an individualized multimodal treatment program. A va...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Singer HS

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Neonatal Intestinal Obstruction Syndrome.

    abstract::Neonatal intestinal obstruction is caused by an anatomical abnormality that produces bowel movement failure. Intestinal obstruction presents with three classic clinical signs: vomiting, abdominal distention, and failure to pass meconium. Intestinal obstruction is one of the most common causes for admitting a pediatric...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vargas MG,Miguel-Sardaneta ML,Rosas-Téllez M,Pereira-Reyes D,Justo-Janeiro JM

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Nutrition during teenage pregnancy.

    abstract::The nutritional needs of pregnant adolescents are the greatest at a time when it is most difficult to meet them. Dieting, skipping meals, snacking, eating away from home, consuming fast foods, and trying unconventional diets are common eating behaviors among adolescents, which relate to their changing lifestyles of in...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gutierrez Y,King JC

    更新日期:1993-02-01 00:00:00

  • Lucy Maude Montgomery and Anne of Green Gables: An Early Description of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

    abstract::Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, third edition, revised in 1987. Similar disorders had appeared earlier, and many consider the first description of ADHD to be a lecture in 1902 about children with an "abnormal defect in moral contro...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Edison JK,Clardy C

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Functional dyspepsia in children.

    abstract::Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a widely prevalent problem in pediatrics, reportedly occurring in 3% to 27% of children and accounting for considerable impact on quality of life and health care costs. FD is defined by the Rome III classification as persistent upper abdominal pain or discomfort, not related to bowel movem...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ganesh M,Nurko S

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease in Children: An Important Diagnostic Consideration for Cervical Lymphadenitis.

    abstract::Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), or histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a rare, benign, and self-limited disease that causes lymphadenopathy and has a characteristic histological appearance. The etiology of this disease is unknown, but a possible infectious trigger has been hypothesized. In the adult population t...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Batton E,Alali M,Hageman JR,Parilla M,Yu KOA

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Sedation in the emergency department.

    abstract::Pediatric ED patients now have a wide variety of options to help relieve the pain and apprehension associated with an ED visit. Safe and effective management of these children has become a priority in properly staffed and equipped EDs throughout the country. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sacchetti A,Cravero J

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnostic evaluation of hypertensive children.

    abstract::The approach to the diagnosis of established hypertension in childhood can be systematized and focused. The investigation of affected children evolves in an orderly fashion based on data collected from a thorough history and physical examination. Laboratory tests, in the majority of children, can then be selected on t...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lieberman E

    更新日期:1977-06-01 00:00:00

  • Identification and Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Children in Primary Care.

    abstract::Youth with anxiety often present to their pediatricians with a chief complaint of physical symptoms without any mention of anxiety or worry. Even in the absence of reported symptoms of anxiety in such presentations, screening for an anxiety disorder as the potential source of the somatic complaints should be pursued. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dillon-Naftolin E

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Safe Environment for Every Kid model: promotion of children's health, development, and safety, and prevention of child neglect.

    abstract::Child neglect is by far the most prevalent form of child maltreatment. There is a need to try to prevent this problem, and pediatric primary care offers an excellent opportunity. This article describes one such approach, the Safe Environment for Every Kid (SEEK) model. SEEK enables practitioners to identify and help a...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dubowitz H

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • An introduction to the National Committee for Quality Assurance.

    abstract::The corporations that purchase private health benefits and the public payers, Medicare and Medicaid, are insisting increasingly that managed care plans be publicly accountable for the quality of care and service delivered. NCQA has responded to that demand with programs that assess both the organization and operation ...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sennett C

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood foot and leg problems.

    abstract::A thorough history and examination are essential to the accurate diagnosis of foot and leg problems in children. Most such problems, if diagnosed and treated early, can be corrected by conservative measures. Footwear for these children must be properly chosen. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vanden Brink KD

    更新日期:1976-04-01 00:00:00

  • Immunization Considerations in Pregnancy.

    abstract::Immune status during pregnancy is an important consideration, and all women who are pregnant should be screened for immunity to certain diseases. Women who are pregnant are at higher risk of contracting infections, and many infections can cause serious problems for a growing fetus. For this reason, remaining up-to-dat...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khan L

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • New progestin oral contraceptives and the female condom.

    abstract::Recent advances in contraceptive technology offer US adolescent females the potential to reduce their risk of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) without unacceptable side effects. Newly developed oral contraceptives that contain the progestins desogestrel or norgestimate (Desogen, Ortho-Cept,...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gold MA

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Gastroesophageal reflux in children: a clinical review.

    abstract::The diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux requires careful consideration of the patient's clinical history and initial evaluation of presenting symptoms. In cases where overt vomiting in noted, the initial evaluation should include a barium esophagram and upper gastrointestinal series. The diagnosis of gastroesophageal...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berquist WE

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Human Papillomavirus and the HPV Vaccine: Where Are We Today?

    abstract::Vaccine discussions are an important part of the general pediatrician's day. The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, in particular, has been slow to gain acceptance by the general public. It has recently gained momentum (both positive and negative) on social media, which has led to an increase in questions and concern...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khan L

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Acute nonlymphoid leukemia.

    abstract::Acute nonlymphoid leukemia (ANLL) is not an uncommon form of leukemia in children. The differential diagnosis is sometimes difficult, but there are a number of laboratory tests that can contribute useful information. Despite the introduction of several newer chemotherapeutic agents, only 50 to 60 percent of children w...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Necheles TF

    更新日期:1978-07-01 00:00:00

  • Acute pain management in infants and children-Part 2: Intravenous opioids, intravenous nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and managing adverse effects.

    abstract::The field of pediatric pain management continues to evolve, with ongoing changes in our appreciation of the impact of pain on our fragile patients, a better understanding of how to assess pain, and refinements of the medications and techniques used to provide analgesia to patients with acute pain of various etiologies...

    journal_title:Pediatric annals

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tobias JD

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00