[Position paper on taxes to non-basic energy-dense foods and sugar-sweetened beverages].

Abstract:

:In 2014 the Mexican government implemented taxes to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and nonessential energy-dense foods. In this manuscript, we analyze the scientific evidence linking the consumption of these products to chronic diseases, and summarize the studies that have evaluated the observed and expected impact of food taxes in Mexico. The implementation of taxes to unhealthy foods has reduced purchases of sugar-sweetened beverages in 7.6% and nonessential energy-dense foods in 7.4%. A reduction in consumption could decrease obesity prevalence by 2.5%; prevent 20 000 cardiovascular disease events; 189 000 diabetes cases; and 20 000 cardiovascular deaths. Additionally, this impact could save nearly 1 173 million dollars from healthcare costs. Taxes to unhealthy foods should be strengthened up and remain as an integral part of the national strategy to reduce obesity and chronic diseases in Mexico. :En 2014, el gobierno mexicano implementó una política fiscal para disminuir el consumo de bebidas azucaradas y alimentos no básicos con alta densidad energética. Este documento resume y analiza los estudios que han evaluado el impacto observado y esperado de los impuestos a alimentos y bebidas no saludables en México. La implementación de impuestos ha logrado disminuir las compras de bebidas azucaradas en 7.6% y alimentos no básicos con alta densidad energética en 7.4%. La reducción de consumo de bebidas azucaradas podría reducir la obesidad en 2.5%, prevenir 20 000 casos de enfermedad cardiovascular y 189 000 casos de diabetes al año 2022, así como prevenir 2 000 muertes. Además, se espera que estos impuestos ayuden a reducir en 1 173 millones de dólares los costos de atención a la salud. Los impuestos a alimentos no saludables deben fortalecerse y permanecer como parte integral de la estrategia nacional dirigida a reducir la obesidad y las enfermedades crónicas en México.

journal_name

Salud Publica Mex

journal_title

Salud publica de Mexico

authors

Barrientos-Gutiérrez T,Colchero MA,Sánchez-Romero LM,Batis C,Rivera-Dommarco J

doi

10.21149/9534

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-09-01 00:00:00

pages

586-591

issue

5

eissn

0036-3634

issn

1606-7916

journal_volume

60

pub_type

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