Detection of Norovirus and Rotavirus Present in Suspended and Dissolved Forms in Drinking Water Sources.

Abstract:

:We investigated the present forms of genogroup II norovirus and group A rotavirus in surface water used for drinking water production. River water samples (N = 15) collected at a drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) monthly from June 2017 to August 2018 were fractioned by filtration through 10- and 0.45-μm-pore-size membranes, and viruses present in suspended and dissolved forms were quantitatively detected. Norovirus GII was present in > 10-μm- and 0.45-10-μm-suspended and dissolved forms with detection rates of 33%, 60%, and 87%, respectively. Rotavirus A was detected more frequently than norovirus GII in each form (> 10 μm suspended, 73%; 0.45-10 μm suspended, 93%; dissolved, 100%). We also analyzed surface water samples from 21 DWTPs all over Japan in non-epidemic and epidemic seasons of gastroenteritis. Norovirus GII was detected in 48% and 81% of samples with the concentrations of up to 4.1 and 5.3 log10 copies/L in dissolved form in non-epidemic and epidemic seasons, respectively, and GII.4 Sydney 2012 was predominant genotype followed by GII.2. Rotavirus A was detected in 95% and 86% of samples with the maximum concentrations of 5.5 and 6.3 log10 copies/L in dissolved form in respective seasons. Concentration of norovirus GII was similar in 0.45-10-μm suspended and dissolved forms, while there was a significant difference for rotavirus A (P < 0.01, pared t test), indicating that rotavirus A was less associated with suspended solids in the surface water samples compared to norovirus GII. Our observations provide important implications for understanding of viral behavior in environmental waters.

journal_name

Food Environ Virol

authors

Miura T,Gima A,Akiba M

doi

10.1007/s12560-018-9361-5

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-03-01 00:00:00

pages

9-19

issue

1

eissn

1867-0334

issn

1867-0342

pii

10.1007/s12560-018-9361-5

journal_volume

11

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Impact of an alcohol-based hand sanitizer intervention on the spread of viruses in homes.

    abstract::The objectives of this study were to determine the movement of a virus throughout a household and the impact of an alcohol-based hand sanitizer (ABHS) on reducing the movement and exposure of the virus to household members. Bacterial virus MS-2 was used as the surrogate for human enteric and respiratory viruses. Seven...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-014-9141-9

    authors: Tamimi AH,Carlino S,Edmonds S,Gerba CP

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Contamination by Norovirus and Adenovirus on Environmental Surfaces and in Hands of Conscripts in Two Finnish Garrisons.

    abstract::This study investigated the presence of norovirus and adenovirus, especially enteric adenovirus, on the environmental surfaces (n = 481) and military conscripts' hands (n = 109) in two Finnish garrisons (A and B) in 2013 and 2014. A questionnaire study was conducted to reveal possible correlations between viral findin...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-016-9262-4

    authors: Oristo S,Rönnqvist M,Aho M,Sovijärvi A,Hannila-Handelberg T,Hörman A,Nikkari S,Kinnunen PM,Maunula L

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Large-Scale Survey of Human Enteroviruses in Wastewater Treatment Plants of a Metropolitan Area of Southern Italy.

    abstract::Human enteroviruses (HEVs) occur in high concentrations in wastewater and can contaminate receiving environmental waters, constituting a major cause of acute waterborne disease worldwide. In this study, we investigated the relative abundance, occurrence, and seasonal distribution of polio and other enteroviruses at th...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-017-9331-3

    authors: Pennino F,Nardone A,Montuori P,Aurino S,Torre I,Battistone A,Delogu R,Buttinelli G,Fiore S,Amato C,Triassi M

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis A Virus, Hepatitis E Virus, and Rotavirus in Foods of Animal Origin Traded at the Borders of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to investigate hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis E (HEV), and rotavirus (RV) in fresh and processed meat traded on the border of Brazil with Argentina and Uruguay. In total, 159 samples of raw and processed foods of animal origin were collected in Paso de los Libres, Argentina (n = 53 raw me...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-018-9357-1

    authors: Pereira JG,Soares VM,de Souza FG,Tadielo LE,Dos Santos EAR,Brum MCS,Henzel A,Duval EH,Spilki FR,da Silva WP

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Bayesian Modeling of Enteric Virus Density in Wastewater Using Left-Censored Data.

    abstract::Stochastic models are used to express pathogen density in environmental samples for performing microbial risk assessment with quantitative uncertainty. However, enteric virus density in water often falls below the quantification limit (non-detect) of the analytical methods employed, and it is always difficult to apply...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-013-9125-1

    authors: Kato T,Miura T,Okabe S,Sano D

    更新日期:2013-08-25 00:00:00

  • Morphological and Biochemical Characteristics of Avian Faecal Droppings and Their Impact on Survival of Avian Influenza Virus.

    abstract::Environmental specimens such as faecal droppings are considered important for the detection of avian influenza viruses (AIV). In view of lower rates of AIV isolation from avian faecal droppings, characterization of droppings is imperative to elucidate contributing factors. However, there are no reports on morphologica...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-017-9323-3

    authors: Pawar SD,Pande SA,Tare DS,Keng SS,Kode SS,Singh DK,Mullick J

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of Polyurethane Foam Environmental Monitoring Tools for the Recovery and Release of Viruses.

    abstract::The U.S. FDA Food Safety Modernization Act Preventive Controls for Human Food Rule emphasizes the importance of an effective environmental monitoring (EM) program. This study aims to characterize polyurethane foam (PUF) EM tools-currently used in the food industry for the recovery of bacteria from food contact surface...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-020-09421-5

    authors: Jones SL,Gibson KE

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis E Virus in Farmed Rabbits, Wild Rabbits and Petting Farm Rabbits in the Netherlands.

    abstract::Rabbits have been suggested as a zoonotic source of Hepatitis E virus. Phylogenetic analysis of HEV isolates from farmed, wild and pet rabbits in the Netherlands (0, 60, and 23 % respectively) showed them to be grouped amongst published rabbit HEV sequences and distinct from most human isolates. Dutch rabbits are unli...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-016-9239-3

    authors: Burt SA,Veltman J,Hakze-van der Honing R,Schmitt H,van der Poel WH

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis E Virus in Domestic Pigs, Wild Boars, Pig Farm Workers, and Hunters in Estonia.

    abstract::While hepatitis E is a growing health concern in Europe, epidemiological data on hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Estonia are scarce. Along with imported HEV infections, autochthonous cases are reported from European countries. Both domestic and wild animals can be a source of human cases of this zoonosis. Here, we investig...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-015-9210-8

    authors: Ivanova A,Tefanova V,Reshetnjak I,Kuznetsova T,Geller J,Lundkvist Å,Janson M,Neare K,Velström K,Jokelainen P,Lassen B,Hütt P,Saar T,Viltrop A,Golovljova I

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of coliphage surrogates for testing drinking water treatment devices.

    abstract::Test protocols have been developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) to test water treatment devices/systems that are used at the individual and home levels to ensure the removal of waterborne viruses. The goal of this study was to assess if coliphage ...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-014-9173-1

    authors: Gerba CP,Abd-Elmaksoud S,Newick H,El-Esnawy NA,Barakat A,Ghanem H

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Occurrence and Trend of Hepatitis A Virus in Bivalve Molluscs Production Areas Following a Contamination Event.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to assess the trend of hepatitis A virus (HAV) in a coastal zone impacted by a contamination event, providing data for the development of management strategies. A total of 352 samples, including four bivalve mollusc species (Mytilus galloprovincialis, Solen vagina, Venus gallina and Donax tru...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-017-9302-8

    authors: Suffredini E,Proroga YTR,Di Pasquale S,Di Maro O,Losardo M,Cozzi L,Capuano F,De Medici D

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Survival of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus in Pork Products.

    abstract::There is a risk of virus transmission through contaminated pork, and many viruses are considered potential hazards for both humans and livestock. The risk of transmission may be elevated with importation/exportation of meat between countries globally. Survival of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PR...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-013-9115-3

    authors: Guarino H,Cox RB,Goyal SM,Patnayak DP

    更新日期:2013-06-13 00:00:00

  • Harmonised investigation of the occurrence of human enteric viruses in the leafy green vegetable supply chain in three European countries.

    abstract::Numerous outbreaks have been attributed to the consumption of raw or minimally processed leafy green vegetables contaminated with enteric viral pathogens. The aim of the present study was an integrated virological monitoring of the salad vegetables supply chain in Europe, from production, processing and point-of-sale....

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-012-9087-8

    authors: Kokkinos P,Kozyra I,Lazic S,Bouwknegt M,Rutjes S,Willems K,Moloney R,de Roda Husman AM,Kaupke A,Legaki E,D'Agostino M,Cook N,Rzeżutka A,Petrovic T,Vantarakis A

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of a Porcine Gastric Mucin and RNase A Assay for the Discrimination of Infectious and Non-infectious GI.1 and GII.4 Norovirus Following Thermal, Ethanol, or Levulinic Acid Plus Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Treatments.

    abstract::Human noroviruses (NoVs) are a major source of foodborne illnesses worldwide. Since human NoVs cannot be cultured in vitro, methods that discriminate infectious from non-infectious NoVs are needed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate binding of NoV genotypes GI.1 and GII.4 to histo-blood group antigens expressed...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-015-9219-z

    authors: Afolayan OT,Webb CC,Cannon JL

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Monitoring of Extraction Efficiency by a Sample Process Control Virus Added Immediately Upon Sample Receipt.

    abstract::When analysing food samples for enteric viruses, a sample process control virus (SPCV) must be added at the commencement of the analytical procedure, to verify that the analysis has been performed correctly. Samples can on occasion arrive at the laboratory late in the working day or week. The analyst may consequently ...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-015-9214-4

    authors: Ruhanya V,Diez-Valcarce M,D'Agostino M,Cook N,Hernández M,Rodríguez-Lázaro D

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Removal of Surrogate Bacteriophages and Enteric Viruses from Seeded Environmental Waters Using a Semi-technical Ultrafiltration Unit.

    abstract::Experiments to determine the removal of viruses in different types of water (surface water from two reservoirs for drinking water treatment, treated groundwater and groundwater contaminated with either 5 or 30 % of wastewater) by ultrafiltration were performed with a semi-technical ultrafiltration unit. Concentrations...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-015-9190-8

    authors: Frohnert A,Kreißel K,Lipp P,Dizer H,Hambsch B,Szewzyk R,Selinka HC

    更新日期:2015-03-19 00:00:00

  • Resilience of norovirus GII.4 to freezing and thawing: implications for virus infectivity.

    abstract::Genogroup II.4 norovirus (NoV) remains the predominant NoV strain in food- and water-borne outbreaks. Capsid integrity as well as viral RNA persistence were determined for GII.4 NoV by real-time RT-PCR after 1-14 freeze/thaw (F/T) cycles (-80 °C/+22 °C) or after -80 °C storage for up to 120 days. In both cases, capsid...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-012-9089-6

    authors: Richards GP,Watson MA,Meade GK,Hovan GL,Kingsley DH

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Quantification and genetic analysis of salivirus/klassevirus in wastewater in Arizona, USA.

    abstract::Salivirus/klassevirus sequences were identified in 7 (15%) wastewater samples collected in Arizona monthly for a year, with the highest concentration of 2.28 × 10(5) and 2.46 × 10(4) copies/L in influent and effluent, respectively. This is the first report of quantification and genetic analysis of salivirus/klasseviru...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-014-9148-2

    authors: Kitajima M,Iker BC,Rachmadi AT,Haramoto E,Gerba CP

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Food-Borne Viruses in Shellfish: Investigation on Norovirus and HAV Presence in Apulia (SE Italy).

    abstract::Shellfish are an important vehicle for transmission of food-borne pathogens including norovirus (NoV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV). The risks related with consumption of shellfish are greater if these products are eaten raw or slightly cooked. As molluscs are filter-feeding organisms, they are able to concentrate patho...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-016-9273-1

    authors: La Bella G,Martella V,Basanisi MG,Nobili G,Terio V,La Salandra G

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental Surveillance of Non-polio Enteroviruses in Poland, 2011.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to apply environmental surveillance to evaluate circulation of non-polio enteroviruses (NPEVs) in sewage in Poland. Samples of raw sewage were collected in 14 sewage disposal systems from January to December, 2011. Sewage samples were concentrated prior to analysis by RT-PCR and isolation in ...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-015-9195-3

    authors: Wieczorek M,Ciąćka A,Witek A,Kuryk Ł,Żuk-Wasek A

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular Detection of Human Enteric Adenoviruses in Water Samples Collected from Lake Victoria Waters Along Homa Bay Town, Homa Bay County, Kenya.

    abstract::Lake Victoria is the primary source of water for millions of people in the Sub-Saharan Africa region. In recent years, population development around the lake has resulted in compromised sanitation standards resulting in increased faecal pollution of the lake. Consequently, this condition has increased the chances of w...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-020-09444-y

    authors: Opere WM,John M,Ombori O

    更新日期:2020-11-03 00:00:00

  • The Experimental Research (In Vitro) of Carrageenans and Fucoidans to Decrease Activity of Hantavirus.

    abstract::The effect of carrageenans and fucoidans on the activity of Hantavirus is studied. It has been found that among carrageenans a significant antiviral effect is exerted by the ι-type, which decreases the viral titer by 2.5 log focus forming units per mL; among fucoidans, by a preparation from Laminaria cichorioides, whi...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-016-9233-9

    authors: Pavliga SN,Kompanets GG,Tsygankov VY

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental Surveillance of Polioviruses in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in Support to the Activities of Global Polio Eradication Initiative.

    abstract::Wild polioviruses still remain endemic in three countries (Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nigeria) and re-emergency of wild polio has been reported in previously polio-free countries. Environmental surveillance has been used as a supplementary tool in monitoring the circulation of wild poliovirus (PVs) and/or vaccine-deri...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-015-9221-5

    authors: de Oliveira Pereira JS,da Silva LR,de Meireles Nunes A,de Souza Oliveira S,da Costa EV,da Silva EE

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Thermal Inactivation of Hepatitis A Virus, Noroviruses, and Simian Rotavirus in Cows' Milk.

    abstract::Consumption of raw or unpasteurized milk is a risk for the consumers because indirect contaminations such as fecal-cross-contamination could occur and determine the presence of enteric viruses. In this study, milk was treated with several temperature and time combinations chosen by performing a preliminary experiment ...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-020-09443-z

    authors: El-Senousy WM,Shalaby M,Deeb AMM,Alhawary II

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Frequent and abundant Merkel cell polyomavirus detection in urban wastewaters in Italy.

    abstract::Viruses strongly associated with human cancer have recently been detected in urban sewages and other water environments worldwide. The aim of the present study was to assess the presence of Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV), a newly discovered, potentially oncogenic human virus, in urban sewage samples collected at was...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-014-9168-y

    authors: Di Bonito P,Libera SD,Petricca S,Iaconelli M,Accardi L,Muscillo M,La Rosa G

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of Hepatitis E Virus in Sewage After an Outbreak on a French Island.

    abstract::A hepatitis E outbreak, which occurred on a small isolated island, provided an opportunity to evaluate the association between the number of hepatitis E cases in the community and the concentration of virus detected in sewage. Samples were collected from the different sewage treatment plants from the island and analyz...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-016-9241-9

    authors: Miura T,Lhomme S,Le Saux JC,Le Mehaute P,Guillois Y,Couturier E,Izopet J,Abranavel F,Le Guyader FS

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of New Components in Modified Scholten's Medium for the Detection of Somatic Coliphages.

    abstract::Enteric bacteriophages (somatic coliphages, F-specific coliphages or both together) are now recognized as useful viral indicators in water, shellfish, and biosolids and are being progressively included in national and international sanitary regulations. Among them, somatic coliphages have an advantage in that they usu...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-020-09419-z

    authors: Toribio-Avedillo D,Méndez J,Muniesa M,Blanch AR

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and genetic diversity of klassevirus in wastewater in Japan.

    abstract::Klassevirus is a novel virus belonging to the family Picornaviridae. This study examined the prevalence and genetic diversity of klassevirus in wastewater. Raw sewage (100 ml) and secondary-treated sewage (2 l) were collected monthly for 14 months between January 2011 and February 2012 from a wastewater treatment plan...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-012-9098-5

    authors: Haramoto E,Otagiri M

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and Bayesian Phylogenetics of Enteroviruses Derived From Environmental Surveillance Around Polio Vaccine Switch Period in Shandong Province, China.

    abstract::We present the results of environmental surveillance for poliovirus (PV) and non-poliovirus (NPEV) around the switch from trivalent to bivalent oral polio-vaccine (OPV) which occurred in China in May 2016. Sewage samples were collected in Jinan and Linyi city from 2015 to 2017. Enterovirus (EV) isolation, VP1 amplific...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-020-09449-7

    authors: Zhao C,Lin X,Ji F,Xiong P,Liu Y,Wang S,Chen P,Xu Q,Zhang L,Tao Z,Xu A

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Occurrence of norovirus and hepatitis A virus in wild mussels collected from the Baltic Sea.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to define the occurrence of human noroviruses of genogroup I and II (NoV GI and NoV GII) and hepatitis A virus (HAV) in the Baltic Sea mussels. The shellfish samples were taken at the sampling sites located on the Polish coast. In total, 120 shellfish were tested as pooled samples using RT-PCR...

    journal_title:Food and environmental virology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1007/s12560-014-9153-5

    authors: Bigoraj E,Kwit E,Chrobocińska M,Rzeżutka A

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00