Arsenic Exposure and Effects in Humans: A Mini-Review in Brazil.

Abstract:

:Arsenic (As) is widely studied in several countries due to its toxicity to biota in the environment. Arsenic sources may be natural or anthropogenic, and the mobility of the element is ruled by physicochemical conditions that also define the dominant As species in the environment. Arsenic levels are evaluated in various abiotic and biotic environmental samples. The highest As levels are observed in sediment, from where it may be mobilized into the aquifers. This article reviews studies about As in the world but with emphasis on studies performed in Brazil, a country where continental water bodies are a common geographic feature. We reviewed 64 studies published between 1985 and 2016. The results indicate that in recent years more studies have been conducted to determine As levels in foods and human samples as a tool to evaluate the exposure of populations and identify potential sources. In Brazil, the main problems associated with contamination with As are the use of wood preservatives and herbicides as well as the impact caused by mining. Also, the precarious character of sewage treatment systems contributes to the contamination of water bodies.

authors

de Souza ACM,de Almeida MG,Pestana IA,de Souza CMM

doi

10.1007/s00244-018-00586-6

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-04-01 00:00:00

pages

357-365

issue

3

eissn

0090-4341

issn

1432-0703

pii

10.1007/s00244-018-00586-6

journal_volume

76

pub_type

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