Dyslipidemia in Adolescents Seen in a University Hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro/Brazil: Prevalence and Association.


BACKGROUND:Early exposure to obesity favors greater risks of cardiovascular factors such as dyslipidemia. OBJECTIVES:To establish the prevalence of dyslipidemia, and to evaluate its association with nutritional status of the adolescents attended at the ambulatory of the Adolescent Health Studies Center of the University Hospital Pedro Ernesto. METHODS:This is a cross-sectional, observational study, the sample of which was of convenience, consisting of adolescents from 12 to 18 years old of both genders. The lipid profile was evaluated, along with its association with the anthropometric indicators: body mass index and waist circumference. For statistical analysis, a significance level of 5% was used. RESULTS:A total of 239 adolescents, 104 boys (43.5%) and 135 girls (56.5%) were evaluated and, of these, 52 (21.8%) were eutrophic, 60 (25.1%) overweight, and 127 (53.1%) obese. Obeseadolescents had significantly lower mean values of HDL-cholesterol (44.7 mg/dl vs 53.9 mg/dl; p < 0.001) and higher triglycerides (109.6 mg/dl vs 87.3 mg/dl; p = 0.01). The changes with higher prevalence were low HDL-cholesterol (50.6%), hypercholesterolemia (35.1%), and hypertriglyceridemia (18.4%). A negative association of HDL-cholesterol with body mass index and a positive association of triglycerides with body mass index could be observed, even after adjustment for gender and skin color. CONCLUSION:This study demonstrated high prevalence of dyslipidemia among adolescents. In view of the significant association between lower levels of HDL-cholesterol and increased triglycerides with overweight, the control of these factors should receive attention, with the precocious diagnosis of the dyslipidemia being important, mainly if it is associated with another cardiovascular risk, to develop effective intervention strategies.


Arq Bras Cardiol


Vizentin NP,Cardoso PMS,Maia CAG,Alves IP,Aranha GL,Giannini DT




Has Abstract


2019-02-01 00:00:00














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    abstract::A 32 year old female patient, documented clinically and echocardiographically to have a competent prolapse of the mitral valve (MVP), developed a sudden ischemic cerebrovascular accident (CVA), suggestive of embolism. There were no predisposing factors to cerebrovascular disease, except for past use of contraceptive p...

    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marques PR,Oliveira Júnior W,Pereira R,de Sá DT,Calado I,Santos FL

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Autonomic regulation of mechanical properties in porcine mitral valve cusps.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The presence of nerves in heart valves was first depicted decades ago and identified into subpopulations: sympathetic, parasympathetic. So valves are expected to be greatly affected by the autonomic nerves. However, few studies have focused on the regulation of heart valves by the autonomic nervous system. ...

    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hu X,Zhao Q,Ye X

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  • [Nonsurgical treatment of coronary pulmonary arteriovenous fistula].

    abstract::Fifty eight year old man, with dyspnea, fatigue and progressive angina underwent cinecoronarography, which showed an arterio-venous coronary-pulmonary fistula originating from the circumflex artery to the pulmonary circulation. We decided to occlude it percutaneously, using a detachable balloon technic. The occlusion ...

    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cano MN,Kambara A,Maldonado G,Mattos LA,Tanajura LF,Fontes VF,Pinto IM,Feres F,Sousa AG,Sousa JE

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    abstract:PURPOSE:To test the association between diabetes mellitus and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in males and females, after adjusting for known confounders and/or modifiers of effect. METHODS:The study was designed as a case-control and the period of data collection was one year (March/93 until February/94). The associati...

    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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  • Long-term follow-up of patients with indication for a implantable defibrillator for primary prevention of death.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recent MADIT II and SCD-HeFT trials have led to an expansion of indications for use of prophylactic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) in patients with severe left-ventricular impairment. This therapy has not been fully adopted in our health care system, mainly due to its high cost. OBJECTIVE:To a...

    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hadid C,Avellana P,Di Toro D,Gomez CF,Visser M,Prieto N

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  • Uhl's anomaly. Differential diagnosis and indication for cardiac transplantation in an infant.

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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  • Clinical, Anthropometric and Biochemical Characteristics of Patients with or without Genetically Confirmed Familial Hypercholesterolemia.

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Costa IBSDS,Abdo ANR,Bittar CS,Fonseca SMR,Moraes ASHT,Kalil Filho R,Pereira J,Hajjar LA

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kramer AS,Lazzarotto AR,Sprinz E,Manfroi WC

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::The challenges that the COVID-19 pandemic cretead to the healthcare system have made it necessary to adapt routines and services, with the objectives of controlling the spread of the virus and preserving health. Safe and correct management of patients in risks groups, such as elderly patients, patients with cardiovasc...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kawahara LT,Costa IBSDS,Barros CCS,Almeida GC,Bittar CS,Rizk SI,Testa L,Moniz CMV,Pereira J,Oliveira GMM,Diz MDPE,Guimarães PO,Pinto IM,Kalil Filho R,Hajjar LA,Hoff PM

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Moreira MM,Souza HP,Schwingel PA,Sá CK,Zoppi CC

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm causing extrinsic coronary compression.

    abstract::Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare cardiac disorder. It is more frequently a congenital, but it may also be an acquired condition. Takayasu's disease is an extremely rare cause of this disorder. Most cases of unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm are asymptomatic. Compression of the left coronary artery is an unusua...

    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dias RR,Camurça FD,Leite Filho OA,Stolf NA

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Gene expression related to oxidative stress in the heart of mice after intestinal ischemia.

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Somaio Neto F,Ikejiri AT,Bertoletto PR,Chaves JC,Teruya R,Fagundes DJ,Taha MO

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Physical Activity and Lipid Profile in the ELSA- Brasil Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Regular physical activity (PA) induces desirable changes in plasma levels of high- and low-density lipoproteins (HDL and LDL, respectively) and triglycerides (TG), important risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases. However, doubts whether intensity and duration have equivalent benefits remain. OBJECTIVE:T...

    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silva RC,Diniz Mde F,Alvim S,Vidigal PG,Fedeli LM,Barreto SM

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between depression, BNP levels and ventricular impairment in heart failure.

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aguiar VB,Ochiai ME,Cardoso JN,Del Carlo CH,Morgado PC,Munhoz RT,Pereira-Barretto AC

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: César LA,Pamplona D,Ferreira JF,de Brito Júnior F,Uchida AH,Moretti MA,Pfeferman E,Amato RV,da Luz PL,Bellotti G,Pileggi F

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • Increase in systolic blood pressure during exercise testing after heart transplantation: correlation with the clinical condition and ventricular function assessed by dobutamine stress echocardiography.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Patients who underwent heart transplantation (HTX) experience a reduction in the elevation that is usual in systolic blood pressure during exercise testing. Of unknown origin, this phenomenon varies in frequency and intensity. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between systolic blood pressu...

    journal_title:Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salles AF,Machado CV,Cordovil A,Leite WA,Moisés VA,de Almeida DR,Carvalho AC,Oliveira Filho JA

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00