A history of bovine tuberculosis eradication policy in Northern Ireland.


:Despite many years of state-sponsored efforts to eradicate the disease from cattle through testing and slaughter, bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is still regarded as the most important and complex of animal health challenges facing the British livestock agricultural industry. This paper provides a historical analysis of the ongoing bTB statutory eradication programme in one part of the UK - Northern Ireland (NI) - which began in 1949 as a voluntary scheme, but between 1959 and 1960 became compulsory for all cattle herd-owners. Tracing bTB back through time sets the eradication efforts of the present day within a deeper context, and provides signposts for what developed in subsequent decades. The findings are based primarily on empirical research using historical published reports of the Ministry of Agriculture and state documents held in the public archives in NI, and they emphasize the need to consider the economic, social and political contexts of disease eradication efforts and their influences on both the past and the present.


Epidemiol Infect


Robinson PA




Has Abstract


2015-11-01 00:00:00














  • Antigenic and genetic analyses of eight influenza C strains isolated in various areas of Japan during 1985-9.

    abstract::Eight strains of influenza C virus isolated in various areas of Japan between January 1985 and January 1989 were compared using monoclonal antibodies to the haemagglutinin-esterase (HE) glycoproteins and by oligonucleotide mapping of total vRNA. Five of six strains isolated during 1986-9 were closely related to one an...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ohyama S,Adachi K,Sugawara K,Hongo S,Nishimura H,Kitame F,Nakamura K

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemiology of bat rabies in New York State, 1988-92.

    abstract::In 1993 New York and Texas each reported a human rabies case traced to a rare variant of rabies virus found in an uncommon species of bat. This study examined the epidemiology of bat rabies in New York State. Demographic, species, and animal-contact information for bats submitted for rabies testing from 1988-92 was an...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Childs JE,Trimarchi CV,Krebs JW

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Early-life environment influencing susceptibility to cytomegalovirus infection: evidence from the Leiden Longevity Study and the Longitudinal Study of Aging Danish Twins.

    abstract::Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common herpesvirus establishing lifelong persisting infection, which has been implicated in immunosenescence and mortality in the elderly. Little is known about how and when susceptibility to CMV infection is determined. We measured CMV seroprevalence in two genetically informative coh...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mortensen LH,Maier AB,Slagbom PE,Pawelec G,Derhovanessian E,Petersen I,Jahn G,Westendorp RG,Christensen K

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Salmonellosis associated with mass catering: a survey of European Union cases over a 15-year period.

    abstract::Salmonella spp. is the causative agent of a foodborne disease called salmonellosis, which is the second most commonly reported gastrointestinal infection in the European Union (EU). Although over the years the annual number of cases of foodborne salmonellosis within the EU has decreased markedly, in 2014, a total of 8...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Osimani A,Aquilanti L,Clementi F

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Streptococcus pyogenes vulvovaginitis in children in Nottingham.

    abstract::Isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes from vaginal swabs of children with vulvovaginitis received at Nottingham Public Health Laboratory during 1986-9 were studied. A total of 159 isolates was made during the 4 years, increasing from 17 in 1986 to 64 in 1989 and accounting for 11% of all vaginal swabs received from child...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donald FE,Slack RC,Colman G

    更新日期:1991-06-01 00:00:00

  • Racial inequality in the annual risk of Tuberculosis infection in the United States, 1910-1933.

    abstract::Tuberculosis (TB) mortality rates in the USA fell rapidly from 1910 to 1933. However, during this period, racial disparities in TB mortality in the nation's expanding cities grew. Because of long delays between infection and disease, TB mortality is a poor indicator of short-term changes in transmission. We estimated ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zelner JL,Muller C,Feigenbaum JJ

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Source attribution of human campylobacteriosis in Denmark.

    abstract::SUMMARY This study assesses the contribution of different sources of human campylobacteriosis in Denmark using two different source-attribution approaches. In total, 794 non-human isolates and 406 isolates from human cases (domestic, travel related, and cases with unknown travel history) were collected. Isolates were ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boysen L,Rosenquist H,Larsson JT,Nielsen EM,Sørensen G,Nordentoft S,Hald T

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Retrospective survey of Chikungunya disease in Réunion Island hospital staff.

    abstract::Réunion Island (Indian Ocean) has been suffering from its first known Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) epidemic since February 2005. To achieve a better understanding of the disease, a questionnaire was drawn up for hospital staff members and their household. CHIKV infected about one-third of the studied population, the prop...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Staikowsky F,Le Roux K,Schuffenecker I,Laurent P,Grivard P,Develay A,Michault A

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • New world origins for haemoparasites infecting United Kingdom grey squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis), as revealed by phylogenetic analysis of bartonella infecting squirrel populations in England and the United States.

    abstract::Phylogenetic analyses of bartonella have suggested divergence between bartonellae that infect mammals native to the Old and New Worlds. We characterized bartonella isolated from Eastern grey squirrels (Sciurius carolinensis) in the United States and from grey and red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) in the United Kingdom ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bown KJ,Ellis BA,Birtles RJ,Durden LA,Lello J,Begon M,Bennett M

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of Campylobacter jejuni in ruminants.

    abstract::Multi-locus sequence typing was performed on 1003 Campylobacter jejuni isolates collected in a 2-year longitudinal study of 15 dairy farms and four sheep farms in Lancashire, UK. There was considerable farm-level variation in occurrence and prevalence of clonal complexes (CC). Clonal complexes ST61, ST21, ST403 and ST...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grove-White DH,Leatherbarrow AJ,Cripps PJ,Diggle PJ,French NP

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of a physical geographic barrier on the dynamics of measles.

    abstract::Spatial-temporal patterns of measles incidence reflect the spatial distribution of human hosts. The heterogeneous spatial distribution of communities has been shown to introduce spatially dependent temporal lags in the timing of measles incidence. Incidence patterns reflect internal dynamics within a community and cou...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Vora A,Burke DS,Cummings DA

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Whole-genome sequencing analysis of human bocavirus detected in South Korea.

    abstract::Human bocaviruses (HBoVs) have been detected in human gastrointestinal infections worldwide. In 2005, HBoV was also discovered in infants and children with infections of the lower respiratory tract. Recently, several genotypes of this parvovirus, including HBoV genotype 2 (HBoV2), genotype 3 (HBoV3) and genotype 4 (HB...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kang LH,Won YJ,Lee AR,Lee SG,Cho HG,Park YJ,Han JI,Paik SY

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Regional and temporal changes in AIDS in Europe before HAART.

    abstract::In a prospective observational study 4,485 patients from 46 clinical centres in 17 European countries were followed between April 1994 and November 1996. Information on AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were collected together with basic demographic data, treatment history and laboratory results. The centres were divided in...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blaxhult A,Fox Z,Colebunders R,Francioli P,Ben-Ishai Z,Fätkenheuer G,Parkin JM,Vanhems P,Phillips AN,Kirk O,EuroSIDA Study Group.

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanical transmission of lumpy skin disease virus by Rhipicephalus appendiculatus male ticks.

    abstract::Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an economically important, acute or sub-acute, viral disease of cattle that occurs across Africa and in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to investigate if lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) can be transmitted mechanically by African brown ear ticks (Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neum....

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tuppurainen ES,Lubinga JC,Stoltsz WH,Troskie M,Carpenter ST,Coetzer JA,Venter EH,Oura CA

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Age-specific vaccine effectiveness of seasonal 2010/2011 and pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 vaccines in preventing influenza in the United Kingdom.

    abstract::An analysis was undertaken to measure age-specific vaccine effectiveness (VE) of 2010/11 trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine (TIV) and monovalent 2009 pandemic influenza vaccine (PIV) administered in 2009/2010. The test-negative case-control study design was employed based on patients consulting primary care. Overall...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pebody RG,Andrews N,Fleming DM,McMenamin J,Cottrell S,Smyth B,Durnall H,Robertson C,Carman W,Ellis J,Sebastian-Pillai P,Zambon M,Kearns C,Moore C,Thomas DR,Watson JM

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Association between indicators of livestock farming intensity and hospitalization rate for acute gastroenteritis.

    abstract::To evaluate associations between indicators of livestock farming intensity (manure surplus and livestock density) and acute gastroenteritis hospitalization (AGH) rate, we conducted an ecological study on 306 selected agricultural municipalities of Quebec. We estimated the AGH rate for the period 2000-2004 from the Que...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Febriani Y,Levallois P,Lebel G,Gingras S

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Multistate foodborne disease outbreaks associated with raw tomatoes, United States, 1990-2010: a recurring public health problem.

    abstract::We examined multistate outbreaks attributed to raw tomatoes in the United States from 1990 to 2010. We summarized the demographic and epidemiological characteristics of 15 outbreaks resulting in 1959 illnesses, 384 hospitalizations, and three deaths. Most (80%) outbreaks were reported during 2000-2010; 73% occurred Ma...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bennett SD,Littrell KW,Hill TA,Mahovic M,Behravesh CB

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Climatic, ecological and socioeconomic factors as predictors of Sindbis virus infections in Finland.

    abstract::Mosquito-borne Sindbis virus (SINV) causes rash-arthritis syndrome in Finland. Major outbreaks with approximately 7-year cycles have caused substantial burden of illness. Forest dwelling grouse are suspected to be amplifying hosts, with the infection transmitted to humans by mosquito bites. SINV infection surveillance...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jalava K,Sane J,Ollgren J,Ruuhela R,Rätti O,Kurkela S,Helle P,Hartonen S,Pirinen P,Vapalahti O,Kuusi M

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Domestic and travel-related foodborne gastrointestinal illness in a population health survey.

    abstract::Routine surveillance data underestimate incidence of foodborne gastrointestinal (FGI) illness and provide little information on illness related to travel. We analysed data from the Welsh Health Survey to estimate population incidence, and to examine risk factors for FGI and factors associated with consulting a doctor....

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans MR,Sarvotham T,Thomas DR,Howard AJ

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Kinetics of the IgG antibody response to pertussis toxin after infection with B. pertussis.

    abstract::We aimed to provide a quantitative description of decay in pertussis antibody levels to aid in finding a serological estimate of the incidence of pertussis. The serum IgG response against pertussis toxin was studied in a group of clinically diagnosed patients. Individual records consisted of repeated serum IgG measure...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teunis PF,van der Heijden OG,de Melker HE,Schellekens JF,Versteegh FG,Kretzschmar ME

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Age, influenza pandemics and disease dynamics.

    abstract::The world is currently confronting the first influenza pandemic of the 21st century [caused by a novel pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus]. Earlier pandemics have been characterized by age distributions that are distinct from those observed with seasonal influenza epidemics, with higher attack rates (and correspondingl...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greer AL,Tuite A,Fisman DN

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Excess salmonellosis in women in the United States: 1968-2000.

    abstract::We describe recent epidemiological changes in salmonellosis. Linking 1968-2000 National Salmonella Surveillance System to census data, we calculated population-based age- and sex-stratified rates of non-urinary salmonellosis for the top 30 non-typhoidal serotypes. Using 1996-1997, 1998-1999, and 2000-2001 population-b...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reller ME,Tauxe RV,Kalish LA,Mølbak K

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis C virus in Mexican Americans: a population-based study reveals relatively high prevalence and negative association with diabetes.

    abstract::This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Mexican Americans living in South Texas. We tested plasma for the presence of HCV antibody from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (CCHC), a randomized, population-based cohort in an economically disadvantaged Mexican...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watt GP,Vatcheva KP,Beretta L,Pan JJ,Fallon MB,McCormick JB,Fisher-Hoch SP

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • The study of infectious intestinal disease in England: socio-economic impact.

    abstract::To assess the socio-economic impact of infectious intestinal disease (IID) on the health care sector, cases and their families, cases of IID ascertained from a population cohort component and those presenting to general practices were sent a socio-economic questionnaire 3 weeks after the acute episode. The impact of t...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roberts JA,Cumberland P,Sockett PN,Wheeler J,Rodrigues LC,Sethi D,Roderick PJ,Infectious Intestinal Disease Study Executive.

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Strain differentiation of Candida albicans by morphotyping.

    abstract::Strains of Candida albicans can be differentiated by the morphological features of streak colonies developed on malt agar. A morphotyping system is proposed, where numerical codes are assigned primarily on the basis of the nature and extent of marginal fringing and the surface topography of the streak colony. The syst...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phongpaichit S,Mackenzie DW,Fraser C

    更新日期:1987-10-01 00:00:00

  • Predicting treatment failure, death and drug resistance using a computed risk score among newly diagnosed TB patients in Tamaulipas, Mexico.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to develop a method for identifying newly diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) patients at risk for TB adverse events in Tamaulipas, Mexico. Surveillance data between 2006 and 2013 (8431 subjects) was used to develop risk scores based on predictive modelling. The final models revealed that TB pati...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abdelbary BE,Garcia-Viveros M,Ramirez-Oropesa H,Rahbar MH,Restrepo BI

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • The incidence of pneumonia using data from a computerized general practice database.

    abstract::Despite being widely recognized as a significant public health problem there are surprisingly few contemporary data available on the incidence of pneumonia in the UK. We conducted a general population-based cohort study to determine the incidence of pneumonia in general practice in the United Kingdom. Data were obtain...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Myles PR,McKeever TM,Pogson Z,Smith CJ,Hubbard RB

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis C subtype distribution in chronically infected patients with mild liver fibrosis in France: the GEMHEP study.

    abstract::Treatment options for Hepatitis C infection have greatly improved with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) combinations achieving high cure rates. Nevertheless, the cost of this treatment is still high and access to treatment in many countries has been preferentially reserved for patients with more severe fibrosis (F3 and F...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Semenova T,Nemoz B,Thibault V,Lagathu G,Duverlie G,Brochot E,Trimoulet P,Payan C,Vallet S,Henquell C,Chevaliez S,Bouvier-Alias M,Maylin S,Roque-Afonso AM,Izquierdo L,Lunel-Fabiani F,Marcellin P,Morand P,Leroy V,Larr

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Rabies virus strains circulating in Bhutan: implications for control.

    abstract::We report a molecular epidemiological study of rabies virus (RABV) strains circulating in animal populations in Bhutan, and investigate potential origins of these viruses. Twenty-three RABV isolates originating from dogs and other domestic animals were characterized by sequencing the partial nucleoprotein (N) gene (39...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tenzin,Wacharapluesadee S,Denduangboripant J,Dhand NK,Dorji R,Tshering D,Rinzin K,Raika V,Dahal N,Ward MP

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between water-treatment methods and diarrhoea in HIV-positive individuals.

    abstract::This manuscript extends our previously published work (based on data from one clinic) on the association between three drinking water-treatment modalities (boiling, filtering, and bottling) and diarrhoeal disease in HIV-positive persons by incorporating data from two additional clinics collected in the following year....

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eisenberg JN,Wade TJ,Hubbard A,Abrams DI,Leiser RJ,Charles S,Vu M,Saha S,Wright CC,Levy DA,Jensen P,Colford JM Jr

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00