The Physical Activity Type Most Related to Cognitive Function and Quality of Life.

Abstract:

Background:Physical activity has been found to maintain and improve cognitive function and consequently improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The relationships between different types of physical activities, cognitive function, and HRQoL have not been studied sufficiently and compared in different age and gender groups. This study is aimed at examining the relationship between different types of physical activity (high-intensity, moderate-intensity, and walking exercise), cognitive function, and HRQoL. In addition, this study is aimed at examining these relationships in different age and gender groups. Methods:This cross-sectional study included 150 adults with a mean age of 50 ± 8.8 years. Participants completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) to assess the level of the physical activity types and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire to assess HRQoL. Cognitive function was measured using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) screening instrument. Spearman correlation analysis was used to explore the relationships between the different variables of the study. Results:There were significant positive relationships between all types of physical activities, cognitive ability, and HRQoL. The relationships between moderate-intensity physical activities and cognitive function (r = 0.38) and HRQoL (r = 0.33) were higher than the relationships with walking exercise and high-intensity physical activity. The middle-aged group had a significantly higher cognitive function compared to the senior adults (p < 0.001), while there was no significant difference between the age groups in HRQoL (p = 0.18). Conclusion:The cognitive function and HRQoL were more related to moderate-intensity physical activities compared to walking exercise or high-intensity physical activities. These relationships were more pronounced in the senior adult population compared to the middle-aged group.

journal_name

Biomed Res Int

authors

Alsubaie SF,Alkathiry AA,Abdelbasset WK,Nambi G

doi

10.1155/2020/8856284

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-12-18 00:00:00

pages

8856284

eissn

2314-6133

issn

2314-6141

journal_volume

2020

pub_type

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