Gender-specific changes in well-being in older people with coronary heart disease: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study is to investigate gender-specific trajectories in well-being among older people with coronary heart disease (CHD) and to compare them with those of healthy people. METHOD:The study included a sample of 4496 participants from the first three waves of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (2002-2003 to 2006-2007). We measured well-being using quality of life (CASP-19; 'control', 'autonomy', 'pleasure' and 'self-realization') and depressive caseness (three or more symptoms on the CESD-8; Centre for Epidemiologic Study Depression scale). RESULTS:After adjustment, at two- and four-years follow-ups, women had three points higher quality of life than men (p < 0.001). When looking at each quality of life's domain we found that women reported higher scores of autonomy compared to men. The gender difference in the probability of having depressive caseness reduced to 7 percentage points at four-year follow-up from 13 percentage points in the previous occasions. Men's quality of life declined progressively over time by 3 points (p < 0.001) (equivalent to the effect of having diabetes) but no changes in prevalence of depressive caseness were found. Women's quality of life only declined after four-year follow-up by less than 2 points (p < 0.001), while in the same period their probability of reporting depressive caseness reduced by 6 percentage points (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION:Women had better quality of life than men in the two and four years following a CHD event, and were not more likely than men to report depressive caseness in the long term. Men's quality of life deteriorated progressively over time, among women it did not deteriorate in the first two years following a CHD event; women had a long-term improvement in depressive caseness.

journal_name

Aging Ment Health

journal_title

Aging & mental health

authors

Zaninotto P,Sacker A,Breeze E,McMunn A,Steptoe A

doi

10.1080/13607863.2015.1020410

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-01-01 00:00:00

pages

432-40

issue

4

eissn

1360-7863

issn

1364-6915

journal_volume

20

pub_type

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