Effect of beta-adrenergic blockade on hormonal responses during continuous and intermittent exercise.

Abstract:

:The modifying effect on exercise performance and neuroendocrine response of the nonselective beta blocker timolol (10 mg b.i.d. for 5 days) and the beta 1-selective beta blocker metoprolol (100 mg b.i.d. for 5 days) was studied. The hormones studied were growth hormone, prolactin, cortisol, renin, epinephrine, dopamine, and norepinephrine. The response was studied during short-term maximal dynamic exercise, using two different exercise protocols; continuous (n = 11) and intermittent (n = 9) bicycle ergometry, in normal healthy young men. Accumulated work on placebo was nearly identical in the two studies, but was significantly reduced by 10.4% and 6.6% with timolol and by 4.7% and 6.7% with metoprolol, during continuous and intermittent exercise, respectively. During continuous exercise, accumulated work was 5.8% lower (p less than 0.05) with timolol than with metoprolol. The hormonal plasma concentrations of all hormones except renin were higher during continuous exercise than during intermittent exercise. Beta blockade had no effect on baseline hormonal levels, but the response was markedly changed during exercise. Maximum epinephrine, cortisol, and prolactin responses increased after beta blockade; dopamine remained nearly unchanged; while the renin responses were attenuated. Norepinephrine concentrations were slightly increased during continuous exercise by beta blockade and rose in direct proportion to the increase in workload. During intermittent exercise, maximum norepinephrine levels were significantly reduced by beta blockade compared with placebo. Thus the effect of beta 1-selective and nonselective beta receptor blockade on circulating hormones does not seem to explain the reduced exercise capacity following beta blockade.

journal_name

Cardiovasc Drugs Ther

authors

Gullestad L,Dolva LO,Kjeldsen SE,Eide I,Kjekshus J

doi

10.1007/BF01881530

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1989-03-01 00:00:00

pages

63-71

issue

1

eissn

0920-3206

issn

1573-7241

journal_volume

3

pub_type

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