Can general surgeons evaluate visceral slide with transabdominal ultrasound to predict safe sites for primary laparoscopic port placement? A prospective study of sonographically naïve operators at a tertiary center.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Port placement injuries are a potentially devastating complication of laparoscopic surgery. Ultrasound assessment for visceral slide has the ability to preoperatively determine adhesion-free areas. The utility of this technique has not been studied when performed by surgeons. METHODS:Surgeons without expertise in ultrasound were taught the visceral slide technique. Patients with a history of abdominal surgery were then assessed for adhesion-free areas on the abdominal wall. Ultrasound assessments were validated against intraoperative visualization. RESULTS:Nine surgeons using the visceral slide technique assessed 145 patients for the presence of adhesions immediately before surgery. Surgeon who performed ultrasound demonstrated a sensitivity of 69.6%, specificity of 98.7%, and positive predictive value of 99.5% for detection of areas free from critical adhesions. The median time to perform the examination was 2 minutes. CONCLUSION:The visceral slide technique was easily learned, was rapid to perform, and reliably identified adhesion-free areas of the abdominal wall.

journal_name

Am J Surg

authors

Minaker S,MacPherson C,Hayashi A

doi

10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.12.020

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-05-01 00:00:00

pages

804-8; discusion 808-9

issue

5

eissn

0002-9610

issn

1879-1883

pii

S0002-9610(15)00059-8

journal_volume

209

pub_type

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