Effects of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α and hypoxia-inducible factor-2α overexpression on hepatocellular carcinoma survival: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND AIM:The role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) has been implicated in the clinical prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the results remain controversial. We aim to investigate the association of HIF-1α and HIF-2α overexpression with the prognosis and clinicopathological features of HCC. METHODS:A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library until June 20, 2020. Meta-analysis was conducted to generate combined HRs with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CI were also derived by fixed or random effect model. RESULTS:Twenty-two studies involving 3238 patients were included. Combined data suggested that overexpression of HIF-1α in HCC was not only correlated with poorer OS [HR = 1.75 (95% CI: 1.53-2.00)] and DFS [HR = 1.64 (95% CI: 1.34-2.00)] but was also positively associated with vascular invasion [OR = 1.83 (95% CI: 1.36-2.48)], tumor size [OR = 1.36 (95% CI: 1.12-1.66)], and tumor number [1.74 (95% CI: 1.34-2.25)]. In contrast, HIF-2α overexpression was not associated with the prognosis and clinicopathological features of HCC. CONCLUSION:Our data provided compelling evidence of a worse prognosis of HCC in HIF-1α overexpression patients but not HIF-2α overexpression ones.

authors

Ding ZN,Dong ZR,Chen ZQ,Yang YF,Yan LJ,Li HC,Liu KX,Yao CY,Yan YC,Yang CC,Li T

doi

10.1111/jgh.15395

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2021-01-04 00:00:00

eissn

0815-9319

issn

1440-1746

pub_type

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