Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt reduces hospital care burden in patients with decompensated cirrhosis.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Patients with decompensated cirrhosis frequently require hospital admissions, which are associated with worse prognosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of TIPS on the need for hospital care. Secondary objectives were to assess the clinical and biological impact of TIPS and to identify predictors of post-TIPS hospital care. METHODS:An observational, retrospective study of patients with decompensated cirrhosis treated with TIPS from January 2008 until March 2019. Exclusion criteria were TIPS placed for non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (PH) and patients referred from another hospital without prior or subsequent follow-up at our Unit. Hospital care, PH-related complications, and laboratory data were compared before and after TIPS. RESULTS:The final cohort comprised 104 patients (72% male) with a mean age of 60 (± 10) years. Follow-up from first decompensation until TIPS and that from procedure to study completion were 7 (4.2-9.8) and 20 (4.6-35.4) months, respectively. TIPS was indicated mainly for refractory ascites (50%) and variceal bleeding (39%). Hemodynamic and clinical success rates were 97% and 92%, respectively. The number of emergency department visits and hospital admissions decreased after the procedure (p < 0.001). Improvement was seen in MELD and Child-Pugh scores, renal function, hyponatremia, and anemia after TIPS. Variceal bleeding as the indication for TIPS (OR 0.047; 95 CI 0.006-0,39; p < 0.05) together with early creation of the shunt (stage 3 vs 5; p < 0.05) were associated with a reduction in risk of post-TIPS hospital care. CONCLUSION:TIPS is a safe and effective procedure that reduces hospital care burden by improving PH-related complications, hepatic, renal function, hyponatremia, and anemia. Variceal bleeding as the indication and early placement of the device were associated with a reduction in post-TIPS hospital care. These findings support a role for this treatment, predominantly in the early stages of cirrhosis.

journal_name

Intern Emerg Med

authors

Ballester MP,Lluch P,Gómez C,Capilla M,Tosca J,Martí-Aguado D,Guijarro J,Mínguez M

doi

10.1007/s11739-020-02602-x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2021-01-05 00:00:00

eissn

1828-0447

issn

1970-9366

pii

10.1007/s11739-020-02602-x

pub_type

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