Malnutrition amongst HIV adult patients in selected hospitals of Bushenyi district in southwestern Uganda.

Abstract:

Background:Malnutrition is an important clinical outcome amongst HIV patients in developing countries and in Uganda, there is scarcity of information on its prevalence and risk factors amongst HIV adult patients. Methods:A cross-sectional study amongst 253 HIV patients in Bushenyi district assessed their nutritional status using the body mass index (BMI) and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and a questionnaire was used to identify major risk factors. Results:The mean age of the study participants was 38.74 ± 0.80 yrs, while females and males were 52.2% and 47.8% respectively. Prevalence of malnutrition was 10.28% (95% CI: 6.82 - 14.69) in the study. Major socio-economic factors associated with malnutrition were being female, unemployed, dependent and with many family members. Patients with opportunistic infections, low adherence to HAART, and stage of HIV/AIDS had a higher risk of malnutrition. Discussion:In rural communities, a majority of malnourished patients are elderly and these were identified as priority groups for HIV outreach campaigns. The current policy of prioritizing children and women is outdated due to changing disease dynamics, thus showing a need to revise extension service provision in rural communities. Conclusions:Malnutrition is a threat in HIV adult patients in rural communities of Uganda.

journal_name

Afr Health Sci

journal_title

African health sciences

authors

Odwee A,Kasozi KI,Acup CA,Kyamanywa P,Ssebuufu R,Obura R,Agaba JB,Makeri D,Kirimuhuzya C,Sasirabo O,Bamaiyi PH

doi

10.4314/ahs.v20i1.17

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-03-01 00:00:00

pages

122-131

issue

1

eissn

1680-6905

issn

1729-0503

pii

jAFHS.v20.i1.pg122

journal_volume

20

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Management of inflammatory complications in third molar surgery: a review of the literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pain, swelling and trismus are common complications associated with third molar surgery. These complications have been reported to have an adverse effect on the quality of life of patients undergoing third molar surgery. OBJECTIVE:To review the different modalities of minimizing inflammatory complications i...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Osunde OD,Adebola RA,Omeje UK

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal nutrition: how is Eastern and Southern Africa faring and what needs to be done?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The progress in key maternal health indicators in the Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) over the past two decades has been slow. OBJECTIVE:This paper analyzed available information on nutrition programs and nutrition-specific interventions targeting maternal nutrition in the ESAR and proposes steps ...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v15i2.28

    authors: Salam RA,Syed B,Syed S,Das JK,Zagre NM,Rayco-Solon P,Bhutta ZA

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Social factors associated with pulmonary hydatid cyst in Aegean, Turkey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pulmonary hydatid cysts are caused by larval forms of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid disease, which is endemic in Turkey, is an important health problem in agricultural and stockbreeding areas where there are insufficient environmental health and preventive medicine services. Previous studies ...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v11i3.70075

    authors: Sanli A,Onen A,Karapolat S,Atinkaya C,Yuncu G,Eyuboglu GM,Cankurtaran Y,Ozdemir N

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Exercise capacity and muscle fatiguability alterations following a progressive maximal exercise of lower extremities in children with cystic fibrosis.

    abstract:Background:Impairment of peripheral skeletal muscle function is a common phenomenon in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in addition to great clinical connotations, such as lack of exercise tolerance and decrease of health-related quality of life. There is very limited data on the effects of maximal exercise on muscle...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v18i4.45

    authors: Abdelbasset WK,Soliman GS,Elshehawy AA,Alrawaili SM

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Anaesthetic and obstetric challenges of morbid obesity in caesarean deliveries--a study in South-eastern Nigeria.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Morbid obesity of parturient has become very important in perinatal medicine because of a worldwide obesity epidemic. Morbid obesity of parturient is reportedly associated with severely increased anaesthetic and obstetric risk. OBJECTIVE:To determine the prevalence rate, anaesthetic and obstetric complicati...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Okafor UV,Efetie ER,Nwoke O,Okezie O,Umeh U

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • The current pattern of facility-based perinatal and neonatal mortality in Sagamu, Nigeria.

    abstract:Background:Perinatal and neonatal mortality rates have been described as sensitive indices of the quality of health care services. Regular audits of perinatal and neonatal mortalities are desirable to evaluate the various global interventions. Objective:To describe the current pattern of perinatal and neonatal mortali...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v19i4.26

    authors: Ogunlesi TA,Ayeni VA,Ogunfowora OB,Jagun EO

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Subtotal amelia in a child with autosomal recessive hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia.

    abstract::We report an inbred Tunisian family, in which the proband manifested signs of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, subtotal amelia, scoliosis and left renal agenesis. Two other family members had the full clinical criteria of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, characterized by deficient sweat glands, hypodontia, hypopla...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.5555/afhs.2005.5.3.270

    authors: Al Kaissi A,Ben Chehida F,Nassib N,Safi H,Djnziri M,Ben Ghachem M,Gharbi H

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative study on the effects of aqueous extracts of viscum album (mistletoe) from three host plants on hematological parameters in albino rats.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The extract of the leaves of Viscum album (mistletoe) has been used for centuries in traditional medicine in many parts of the world. However, like many medicinal plants, the belief that things of natural origin are safe may not be entirely true. The blood is a good indicator of health and pathological mirro...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v15i2.38

    authors: Ladokun O,Ojezele M,Arojojoye O

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of life amongst young adults with stroke living in Kenya.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The world has been experiencing an increase of stroke among young adults. Occurrence of stroke in young adults dramatically affects the quality of life of the individuals. OBJECTIVES:To investigate the quality of life amongst young adults who experienced a stroke living in Kenya. METHODS:A cross-sectional ...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v13i3.16

    authors: Muli G,Rhoda A

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Co-occurrence of Helicobacter pylori with faecal bacteria in Nairobi river basin: public health implications.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Overwhelming evidence implicates Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) as an etiologic agent of gastrointestinal diseases including gastric cancer. The mode of transmission of this pathogen remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE:This investigation is to establish the presence of H. pylori in the waters of the Nai...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v16i1.24

    authors: Dinda V,Kimang'a A

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • p53 expression in colorectal carcinoma in relation to histopathological features in Ugandan patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It has been shown that colorectal carcinoma is increasing in incidence in African countries. This could be due to change in life style. Molecular pathogenesis of colorectal cancer commonly involves mutation in p53 gene which leads to expression of p53 protein in tumor cells. Expression of p53 protein has bee...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Rambau PF,Odida M,Wabinga H

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Family Medicine may be helpful in improving health care delivery in sub-Saharan Africa.

    abstract::Efforts to introduce and integrate the discipline of family medicine in sub-Saharan Africa have remained slow due to failure to understand what role and benefit such physicians can play in the existing health care systems in the region. An attempt is made here to explain reasons for this trend and suggest ways to over...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 信件

    doi:10.5555/afhs.2007.7.2.120

    authors: Ssenyonga R

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • The hazards of conducting induction of labour in high-risk pregnancies at district hospitals in low- and middle-income countries: lessons to learn from a case report.

    abstract:Background:Induction of labour (IOL) is an obstetric procedure that should be conducted in a healthcare facility with the capacity to provide optimal care based on the patient risk status. Inadequate monitoring, untimely procedure and lack of readily available and experienced medical staff to participate in the care of...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v20i3.27

    authors: Ngene NC,Moodley J

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Depression among medical students in Alexandria, Egypt.

    abstract:Background:Depression is a common illness worldwide with high rate among medical students. The objectives were to estimate the prevalence of depression among medical students in Alexandria, and identify its correlates. Methods:A cross-sectional study design was used. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine,...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v20i3.47

    authors: Elsawy WIH,Sherif AAR,Attia MSED,El-Nimr NA

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Young patient's age determines pterygium recurrence after surgery.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It is not clear whether demographic or pterygium characteristics or limbal stem cell deficiency determine pterygium recurrence after surgery. PURPOSE:To determine whether the demographic, pterygium characteristics, or limbal stem cell deficiency determine pterygium recurrence after excision. METHODS:Of 190...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v14i1.11

    authors: Anguria P,Ntuli S,Carmichael T

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pattern of eye diseases among welders in a Nigeria community.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Welders have been identified as a high risk group for eye disorders due to their exposure to ultraviolet radiation. OBJECTIVE:To determine the prevalence and types of eye diseases amongst welders in Ile-Ife, Osun state. METHODS:This is a cross sectional descriptive study of 405 consenting welders. Informat...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v12i2.21

    authors: Ajayi Iyiade A,Omotoye Olusola J

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Traditional herbal remedies used in the management of sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction in western Uganda.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The utilisation of ethnobotanical indigenous knowledge is vital in male sexual reproductive health care delivery in western Uganda. Reproductive health care is the second most prevalent health care problem in Africa. However, this concept of reproductive health care has been focusing mainly on women disregar...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kamatenesi-Mugisha M,Oryem-Origa H

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the physicochemical equivalence of three brands of commercially available quinine sulphate tablets from South Western part of Nigeria.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The relatively little resistance to quinine globally has led to an increase in its use in P. falciparum malaria especially in multi-drug resistant strains. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the physicochemical and equivalency of three brands of quinine sulphate tablets available in South Western region of Nigeria. MET...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Adegbite A,Adegbolagun OM

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of indoor formaldehyde pollution on respiratory system health in the urban area of Shenyang, China.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The decoration of interior spaces can lead to dangerous levels of indoor formaldehyde pollution. Exposure to indoor air pollution may be responsible for nearly 2 million deaths per year in developing countries. OBJECTIVES:To assess the prevalence of indoor formaldehyde pollution caused by decoration and res...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v13i1.19

    authors: Zhai L,Zhao J,Xu B,Deng Y,Xu Z

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Tobacco and alcohol use in adolescents with unplanned pregnancies: relation with family structure, tobacco and alcohol use at home and by friends.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recent publications show that smoking and alcohol use among adolescents with unplanned pregnancy is increasing and the causes need to be further studied. OBJECTIVE:To determine the association between living in a non-intact family household and the presence of smokers and consumers of alcoholic beverages in...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v16i1.4

    authors: Francisco VN,Carlos VR,Eliza VR,Octelina CR,Maria II

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Baboons as potential reservoirs of zoonotic gastrointestinal parasite infections at Yankari National Park, Nigeria.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Zoonoses pose a risk to public health. OBJECTIVE:To carry out the investigation of the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of baboons, Papio anubis, frequenting the Wikki base Camp in Yankari National Park, Nigeria. METHOD:Formol-ether concentration technique was used to isolate parasite eggs and cyst...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v13i2.7

    authors: Mafuyai HB,Barshep Y,Audu BS,Kumbak D,Ojobe TO

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Quinine inhibits ovulation and produces oxidative stress in the ovary of cyclic Sprague-Dawley rats.

    abstract:Background:Quinine has been reported to possess anti-spermatogenic activities. Objectives:This study was carried out to determine the effect of quinine on ovarian function in Sprague-Dawley rats. Methods:Twenty rats with regular 4-days oestrous cycle divided into 4 groups (N=5) were used. Group I received quinine at ...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v18i2.8

    authors: Gbotolorun SC,Inikori O,Bamisi OD,Osinubi AAA,Okanlawon AO

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Endometriosis of the appendix.

    abstract::Endometriosis is a well known cause of infertility. Endometriosis of the appendix is a very rare condition. To highlight this rare entity, we are reporting a case of a young lady who was admitted with recurrent attacks of lower abdominal pain associated with primary infertility. Preoperative diagnosis was acute append...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Al Oulaqi NS,Hefny AF,Joshi S,Salim K,Abu-Zidan FM

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with depression and suicide among patients with diabetes mellitus and essential hypertension in a Nigerian teaching hospital.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Diabetes mellitus (DM) and essential hypertension are chronic medical conditions that place a lot of burden on patients. The presence of depression and suicidal behaviour may worsen the prognosis. OBJECTIVE:To assess the prevalence of depression and suicidal behaviour in subjects with diabetes mellitus and ...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v13i1.10

    authors: Igwe MN,Uwakwe R,Ahanotu CA,Onyeama GM,Bakare MO,Ndukuba AC

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence of postoperative pain in the first 48 hours following day surgery at a tertiary hospital in Nairobi.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Day case surgery services are increasing all over the world. The prevalence of postoperative pain after day surgery is found to be high. Little is known about the prevalence of postoperative pain, in Kenya, after day case surgeries. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the prevalence of postoperative pain after day sur...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v13i3.36

    authors: Mwaka G,Thikra S,Mung'ayi V

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Lassa fever - full recovery without ribavarin treatment: a case report.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lassa fever is a rodent-borne zoonosis that clinically manifests as an acute hemorrhagic fever. It is treated using ribavarin. Surviving Lassa fever without receiving the antiviral drug ribavarin is rare. Only few cases have been documented to date. CASE PRESENTATION:We report a case of a 59-year old female...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v14i4.40

    authors: Ajayi NA,Ukwaja KN,Ifebunandu NA,Nnabu R,Onwe FI,Asogun DA

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Utilization of physiotherapy in the continuum of stroke care at a tertiary hospital in Ibadan, Nigeria.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the pattern of referral for and utilisation of physiotherapy in the continuum of stroke care at a tertiary hospital in Ibadan, Nigeria. METHODS:Referral notes and medical records of patients admitted in the University College Hospital, Ibadan with a clinical diagnosis of stroke between Januar...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v17i1.11

    authors: Olaleye OA,Lawal ZI

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Barriers to oral health care utilization in Ibadan, South West Nigeria.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Barriers to oral health utilization are many, but those that are significant for our environment are not yet clear. The current study was designed to identify and graduate the barriers to receipt of oral health care among a cross-section of patients attending our centre. We also investigated the influence of...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v12i4.17

    authors: Ajayi DM,Arigbede AO

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Actual and perceived substance use of health science students at a university in the Western Cape, South Africa.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Substance use among youth is a worldwide epidemic that impacts negatively on the health sector as well as the family and society. Early student life is a time of tremendously high motivation to conform to the behaviours, values, and attitudes that are valued by the youth culture. They observe their peers' be...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Steyl T,Phillips J

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of oral contraceptives on periodontal health.

    abstract:Background:Oral contraceptives pills (OCPs) are common and a convenient form of contraception. The use of hormonal contraceptives by women has been considered to influence gingival and periodontal disease progression. Aim:This study was conducted to assess the effect of oral contraceptive pills on the periodontal heal...

    journal_title:African health sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4314/ahs.v19i1.56

    authors: Prachi S,Jitender S,Rahul C,Jitendra K,Priyanka M,Disha S

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00