Hemorrhagic fever in Saudi Arabia: challenge to public health, effective management and future considerations.

Abstract:

Background:Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHF) refers to a group of febrile illnesses caused by different viruses that result in high mortality in animals and humans. Many risk factors like increased human-animal interactions, climate change, increased mobility of people and limited diagnostic facility have contributed to the rapid spread of VHF. Materials:The history of VHFs in the Saudi Arabian Peninsula has been documented since the 19th century, in which many outbreaks have been reported from the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. Despite presence of regional network of experts and technical organizations, which expedite support and respond during outbreaks, there are some more challenges that need to be addressed immediately. Gaps in funding, exhaustive and inclusive response plans and improved surveillance systems are some areas of concern in the region which can be dealt productively. This review primarily focusses on the hemorrhagic fevers that are caused by three most common viruses namely, the Alkhurma hemorrhagic fever virus, Rift valley fever virus, and Dengue fever virus. Conclusion:In summary, effective vector control, health education, possible use of vaccine and concerted synchronized efforts between different government organizations and private research institutions will help in planning effective outbreak-prevention and response strategies in future.

journal_name

Afr Health Sci

journal_title

African health sciences

authors

Kumosani TA,Al-Malki AL,Razvi SS,Balgoon MJ,Kaleem M,Huwait EA,Alghamdi MA,Yaghmoor SS,Abualnaja KO,Barbour EK,Al-Madani KA,AlToukhi MH,Kumosani AT,Moselhy SS

doi

10.4314/ahs.v20i3.17

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-09-01 00:00:00

pages

1153-1163

issue

3

eissn

1680-6905

issn

1729-0503

pii

jAFHS.v20.i3.pg1153

journal_volume

20

pub_type

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