Vascular anatomy of the upper extremity muscles.


:This study delineates the vascular anatomy of the upper extremity with particular attention toward the size, location, and number of vascular pedicles supplying each muscle. Ten cadaver upper extremities were dissected. A total of 440 muscles and 2209 pedicles were identified. The major "named" arterial source, number of pedicles, and pattern of perfusion for each muscle were delineated. Detailed description of the vascular anatomy of muscles commonly used for tendon transfer and local flaps is presented. The potential use of the coracobrachialis flap for contouring the infraclavicular area is elucidated. The anatomic bases of the anconeus and flexor carpi ulnaris flaps are confirmed. The radial and ulnar arteries may be used as microvascular donor or recipient vessels without compromising forearm muscle perfusion.


Plast Reconstr Surg


Parry SW,Ward JW,Mathes SJ




Has Abstract


1988-03-01 00:00:00












  • Pearls and perils of caring for the postbariatric body contouring patient.

    abstract::Postbariatric body contouring surgery has grown in prevalence, mirroring the ascent of weight loss surgery. With the rise in prevalence of this subset of plastic surgery procedures, we are gaining wisdom about technique, safety, and outcomes associated with this patient population. The pearls of patient management inc...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shermak MA

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Endoscopically assisted facial suspension for treatment of facial palsy.

    abstract::Static suspension remains an option for certain patients with facial paralysis. Endoscopically assisted facial suspension obviates the need for a counter-incision at the oral commissure to distally inset the fascia lata graft as described in the standard technique. The endoscopic technique is simple, allows secure pla...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong GB,Stokes RB,Stevenson TR,Whetzel TP,Saunders CJ

    更新日期:1999-03-01 00:00:00

  • Megavolume autologous fat transfer: part II. Practice and techniques.

    abstract::The authors describe the techniques that use the principles of fat grafting to allow them to successfully graft megavolumes (250-ml range) of autologous fat into breasts. The Brava external volume expansion device preoperatively increases the volume and vascularity of the recipient site. Low-pressure liposuction and m...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khouri RK,Rigotti G,Cardoso E,Khouri RK Jr,Biggs TM

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Reconstruction of the nipple: a new technique.

    abstract::We propose a simple one-stage procedure for nipple reconstruction. The fundamental basis, the technique itself, and the results obtained demonstrate that a single-flap reconstruction achieves a nipple that will keep its shape 15 months later. ...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bosch G,Ramirez M

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • The reverse-flow posterior tibial artery island flap: anatomic study and 72 clinical cases.

    abstract::Based on anatomic, dye injection, and angiography observations since 1984, 72 patients with tissue defects of the foot (due to injury or surgery) have been reconstructed using a reverse-flow posterior tibial artery island flap. In the 72 patients, etiology has included extensive crushing (40 patients), burn scars (10 ...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu K,Li Z,Lin Y,Cao Y

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • A Formidable Foe Is Sabotaging Your Results: What You Should Know about Biofilms and Wound Healing.

    abstract:LEARNING OBJECTIVES:After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe biofilm pathogenesis as it relates to problem wounds. 2. Understand the preclinical and clinical evidence implicating biofilm in problem wounds. 3. Explain the diagnostic and treatment challenges that biofilms create for prob...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barker JC,Khansa I,Gordillo GM

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • The Role of Muscle Stem Cells in Regeneration and Recovery after Denervation: A Review.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Skeletal muscle denervation is a complex clinical problem that still lacks a comprehensive solution. Previous studies have suggested that prolonged periods of denervation lead to a decline in the muscle stem cell population, negatively affecting the ability of muscle to regenerate following reinnervation. Re...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wong A,Pomerantz JH

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Factors Associated with Primary and Secondary Amputation following Limb-Threatening Upper Extremity Trauma.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to assess the factors associated with primary and secondary amputation in patients with limb-threatening trauma to the upper extremity, describe the incidence of these injuries, and describe the procedures involved in the treatment of these difficult injuries. METHODS:A retrospecti...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Nawijn F,Westenberg RF,Langhammer CG,Chen NC,Eberlin KR

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Preoperative sizing in breast augmentation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Implant size selection in breast augmentation patients is one of many variables to be determined before surgery. Few methods exist today that allow the patient to participate in this process and accurately determine optimal size. The authors describe a simple method of preoperative sizing using silicone impl...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hidalgo DA,Spector JA

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Five Steps to Internal Mammary Vessel Preparation in Less than 15 Minutes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Modern breast reconstruction often involves microvascular reconstruction. The most common recipient vessels are the internal mammary artery and vein. Recently, there has been great focus on efficiency, but much of this emphasis has been directed to faster flap harvest or recovery protocols for expeditious di...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haddock NT,Teotia SS

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Discrepancies in Parent Perceptions and Patient-Reported Psychosocial Function in Children with Craniofacial Anomalies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Understanding and optimizing psychosocial functioning in children with craniofacial anomalies are essential components of their reconstructive care. This work compared parental perceptions to pediatric self-reported psychosocial functioning in children with craniofacial anomalies. METHODS:Two hundred twenty...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Volpicelli EJ,Pfaff MJ,Potemra HMK,De Leon FS,Lin J,Ayeroff JR,Bradley JP,Wilson L,Lee JC

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Inferior External Pudendal Artery Anastomosis: Additional Approach to Prevent Skin Necrosis in Replanted Penis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Microsurgical anastomosis of the dorsal artery of the penis either with or without anastomosis of the cavernosal artery is the preferred technique for penile replantation. However, postoperative penile skin necrosis is commonly reported with this technique. This study aimed to characterize the anatomy of the...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lohasammakul S,Turbpaiboon C,Ratanalekha R,Ungprasert P,Yodrabum N

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • The importance of a skin bridge in peripheral tissue perfusion in perforator flaps.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Perforator flaps are increasingly used in reconstructive surgery. However, the microvascular perfusion pattern within these flaps remains essentially unknown. In perforator flaps, the importance of preserving the skin bridge at the base is still an object of debate. The authors hypothesized that dividing the...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mešić H,Kirkebøen KA,Bains R

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Beyond working hours: part I. Genesis and current difficulties.

    abstract::The roots of the working hours mandate and controversy are outlined, the effect on resident education is described, and the service versus education equation is defined. ...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luce EA

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Redefining the ideal nasolabial angle: Part 2. Expert analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The nasolabial angle is the angle between the line drawn through the midpoint of the nostril aperture and a line drawn perpendicular to the Frankfort horizontal plane while intersecting subnasale. Previous analysis by the authors' department yielded closer ranges between men and women of 96 and 98 degrees, r...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown M,Guyuron B

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Definitive diagnosis of breast implant rupture using magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract::Breast implant rupture is an important complication of augmented and reconstructed breasts. Although several techniques such as mammography, xeromammography, ultrasound, thermography, and computed tomographic (CT) scanning have been proven to be useful to detect implant rupture, they have several disadvantages and lac...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahn CY,Shaw WW,Narayanan K,Gorczyca DP,Sinha S,Debruhl ND,Bassett LW

    更新日期:1993-09-01 00:00:00

  • Long-lasting results with hydroxylapatite (Radiesse) facial filler.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study examined the patient satisfaction and longevity of Radiesse, a calcium hydroxylapatite compound, as a facial soft-tissue filler for the glabellar lines, the lips, the nose, the face, and the infraorbital region. METHODS:Radiesse, 0.5 to 2.0 ml, was injected into the designated area in each of the...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Jacovella PF,Peiretti CB,Cunille D,Salzamendi M,Schechtel SA

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • The level of evidence presented at plastic surgery meetings: what do we have to learn?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Internationally, plastic surgery societies have placed an increasing emphasis on the importance of evidence-based medicine. The authors aimed to categorize levels of evidence of podium presentations at three major North American plastic surgical meetings, and to assess the factors associated with a higher le...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chuback JE,Varley TL,Yarascavitch BA,Eaves F 3rd,Thoma A,Bhandari M

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Rhinoplasty: a simplified, three-stitch, open tip suture technique. Part I: primary rhinoplasty.

    abstract::Tip suture techniques offer a reliable and dramatic method of tip modification without needing to interrupt the alar rim strip or add tip grafts. The present simplified three-stitch technique consists of the following: (1) a strut suture to fix the columella strut between the crura, (2) bilateral domal creation suture...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daniel RK

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00

  • Prospective photographic measurement study of 196 cases of breast augmentation, mastopexy, augmentation/mastopexy, and breast reduction.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Our understanding of breast shape and size changes after surgery is limited by a lack of measurement studies that evaluate and compare changes in breast dimensions after cosmetic breast procedures. This study was undertaken to remedy this deficiency. METHODS:Women undergoing primary vertical mastopexy, augm...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Swanson E

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Tensional forces influence gene expression and sutural state of rat calvariae in vitro.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Theories regarding the cause of craniosynostosis that are more than 15 years old cite the role that tensional forces play in the normal and abnormal development of the cranial suture. These theories highlight the effect of stress bands originating from the skull base to the vertex, guiding sutural developmen...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tholpady SS,Freyman TF,Chachra D,Ogle RC

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Minimizing the pain of local anesthesia injection.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Local anesthetic injection is often cited in literature as the most painful part of minor procedures. It is also very possible for all doctors to get better at giving local anesthesia with less pain for patients. The purpose of this article is to illustrate and simplify how to inject local anesthesia in an a...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Strazar AR,Leynes PG,Lalonde DH

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Cranioplasty in the growing canine skull using demineralized perforated bone.

    abstract::This study was designed to test the hypothesis that demineralized perforated bone matrix implant from canine skull and tibia induces new bone formation within the calvarial defect comparable with the bone induced by autogenous graft. We also were interested in determining whether demineralized perforated bone matrix i...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salyer KE,Bardach J,Squier CA,Gendler E,Kelly KM

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • Preoperative imaging for DIEA perforator flaps: a comparative study of computed tomographic angiography and doppler ultrasound.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Abdominal donor-site flaps, including the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) and deep inferior epigastric artery (DIEA) perforator flaps, are standard in autologous breast reconstruction. With significant variation in the vascular anatomy of the abdominal wall, preoperative imaging is essent...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rozen WM,Phillips TJ,Ashton MW,Stella DL,Gibson RN,Taylor GI

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term histopathologic evaluation of human expanded skin.

    abstract::Forty-two patients operated on by skin expansion have been contacted after a mean time of 25 months from the last surgery. Two biopsies have been taken from the expanded area of each patient. In 12 patients it has been possible to obtain a similar sampling from the opposite, nonexpanded area of the body. The samples u...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matturri L,Azzolini A,Riberti C,Lavezzi AM,Cavalca D,Vercesi F,Azzolini C

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Middle Eastern rhinoplasty in the United States: Part II. Secondary rhinoplasty.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There have been relatively few articles in the English language on secondary Middle Eastern rhinoplasty. This article analyzes the cause and treatment of secondary Middle Eastern rhinoplasty. METHODS:A prospective study of 40 consecutive female secondary Middle Eastern rhinoplasty patients was completed. R...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daniel RK

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Mental health histories and psychiatric medication usage among persons who sought cosmetic Surgery.

    abstract::This retrospective chart review study examined the mental health histories and psychiatric medication usage of persons who sought cosmetic surgery. The medical records of 232 patients who had undergone a consultation for a cosmetic procedure were reviewed. The rates of self-reported psychiatric disorders and of psychi...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sarwer DB,Zanville HA,LaRossa D,Bartlett SP,Chang B,Low DW,Whitaker LA

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Priorities in plastic surgery.

    abstract::The study of historical priorities in plastic surgery must be based on established principles in the field instead of mere chronology. Examples of application of these principles to two landmarks in plastic surgery are given. The reader is commended to adhere to these principles in the study of other developments in p...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Freshwater MF

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term persistence of tissue-engineered adipose flaps in a murine model to 1 year: an update.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Tissue engineering of patient-specific adipose tissue has the potential to revolutionize reconstructive surgery. Numerous models have been described for the production of adipose tissue with success in the short term, but little has been reported on the stability of this tissue-engineered fat beyond 4 months...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Findlay MW,Messina A,Thompson EW,Morrison WA

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Breast reconstruction after mastectomy using the temporary expander.

    abstract::Breast reconstruction after a radical mastectomy using the temporary subcutaneous tissue expander is described. The main principle of this method is recovery of the amount of lost tissue through expansion of the remaining chest skin to large proportions and filling of the breast envelope with a smaller permanent mamma...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Radovan C

    更新日期:1982-02-01 00:00:00