Early NT-ProBNP (N-Terminal Probrain Natriuretic Peptide) Elevation Predicts Malignant Edema and Death After Reperfusion Therapy in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:We aimed to investigate the relationship between early NT-proBNP (N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide) and all-cause death in patients receiving reperfusion therapy, including intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). METHODS:This study included 1039 acute ischemic stroke patients with early NT-proBNP data at 2 hours after the beginning of alteplase infusion for those with intravenous thrombolysis only or immediately at the end of EVT for those with EVT. We performed natural log transformation for NT-proBNP (Ln(NT-proBNP)). Malignant brain edema was ascertained by using the SITS-MOST (Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke-Monitoring Study) criteria. RESULTS:Median serum NT-proBNP level was 349 pg/mL (interquartile range, 89-1250 pg/mL). One hundred twenty-one (11.6%) patients died. Malignant edema was observed in 78 (7.5%) patients. Ln(NT-proBNP) was independently associated with 3-month mortality in patients with intravenous thrombolysis only (odds ratio, 1.465 [95% CI, 1.169-1.836]; P=0.001) and in those receiving EVT (odds ratio, 1.563 [95% CI, 1.139-2.145]; P=0.006). The elevation of Ln(NT-proBNP) was also independently associated with malignant edema in patients with intravenous thrombolysis only (odds ratio, 1.334 [95% CI, 1.020-1.745]; P=0.036), and in those with EVT (odds ratio, 1.455 [95% CI, 1.057-2.003]; P=0.022). CONCLUSIONS:An early increase in NT-proBNP levels was related to malignant edema and stroke mortality after reperfusion therapy.

journal_name

Stroke

journal_title

Stroke

authors

Zhang X,Yan S,Zhong W,Yu Y,Lou M

doi

10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.029593

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2021-01-01 00:00:00

pages

537-542

issue

2

eissn

0039-2499

issn

1524-4628

journal_volume

52

pub_type

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