Benzo(a)pyrene-induced cytotoxicity, cell proliferation, DNA damage, and altered gene expression profiles in HT-29 human colon cancer cells.


:In the US alone, around 60,000 lives/year are lost to colon cancer. In order to study the mechanisms of colon carcinogenesis, in vitro model systems are required in addition to in vivo models. Towards this end, we have used the HT-29 colon cancer cells, cultured in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM), which were exposed to benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a ubiquitous and prototypical environmental and dietary toxicant at 1, 10, 100 nM and 1, 5, 10, and 25 μM concentrations for 96 h. Post-BaP exposure, growth, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and cell cycle changes were determined. The BaP metabolite concentrations in colon cells were identified and measured. Furthermore, the BaP biotransformation enzymes were studied at the protein and mRNA levels. The BaP exposure-induced damage to DNA was assessed by measuring the oxidative damage to DNA and the concentrations of BaP-DNA adducts. To determine the whole repertoire of genes that are up- or downregulated by BaP exposure, mRNA transcriptome analysis was conducted. There was a BaP exposure concentration (dose)-dependent decrease in cell growth, cytotoxicity, and modulation of the cell cycle in the treatment groups compared to untreated or dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO: vehicle for BaP)-treated categories. The phase I biotransformation enzymes, CYP1A1 and 1B1, showed BaP concentration-dependent expression. On the other hand, phase II enzymes did not exhibit any marked variation. Consistent with the expression of phase I enzymes, elevated concentrations of BaP metabolites were generated, contributing to the formation of DNA lesions and stable DNA adducts, which were also BaP concentration-dependent. In summary, our studies established that biotransformation of BaP contributes to cytotoxicity, proliferation of tumor cells, and alteration of gene expression by BaP. • Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is an environmental and dietary toxicant. • BaP causes cytotoxicity in cultured HT-29 colon cancer cells. • mRNA transcriptome analyses revealed that BaP impacts cell growth, cell cycle, biotransformation, and DNA damage.


Cell Biol Toxicol


Myers JN,Harris KL,Rekhadevi PV,Pratap S,Ramesh A




Has Abstract


2021-01-07 00:00:00








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