Knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) and risk factors analysis related to cystic echinococcosis among residents in Tibetan communities, Xiahe County, Gansu Province, China.


:Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a global parasitic zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. The disease is highly endemic in western China, especially in Tibetan areas, because of poor economic development and hygiene conditions, limited community knowledge of CE, a large scale of dogs, and home slaughtering of livestock. Although many researchers have analyzed risk factors of CE transmission in Tibetan Plateau, there are rare reports of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of residents about CE in Tibetan communities. In our current study, community based cross-sectional study was conducted in three townships in Xiahe County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures of Gansu Province from May to September 2013. A total of 972 participants originating from Tibetan communities of 31 villages in the 3 townships were registered and data were collected using structured questionnaires. From the total of 972 study participants (457 males and 515 females), 65.9% heard of the disease CE. Most of them (96.1%) would like to accept CE inspection. About half of the peoples feed their dogs often and major of them do not play with the dogs. Risk factors included resident, knowing dog could be infected, knowing eating could be route of infection, oldest dog's age, usually feed your dog by self, feed dogs with internal organs. In general our findings showed that most of residents had positive attitude toward treatments of the disease, but their practice about disease prevention and control was low. Therefore, our study called for continued and strengthened education of changing the life style, especially the behaviors related to dogs.


Acta Trop


Acta tropica


Li D,Gao Q,Liu J,Feng Y,Ning W,Dong Y,Tao L,Li J,Tian X,Gu J,Xin D




Has Abstract


2015-07-01 00:00:00












  • Leishmania sp. isolated from human cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil characterized as Leishmania major-like.

    abstract::The identification and characterization of Leishmania are relevant to diagnosis, treatment, eco-epidemiology studies, prophylactic measures and control of the disease. Two strains of Leishmania (MHOM/BR/1971/BH49 and MHOM/BR/1971/BH121), isolated from human cutaneous leishmaniasis, were studied using biological and mo...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silva Sde O,Wu AA,Evans DA,Vieira LQ,Melo MN

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of nitrobenzylthioinosinate on the toxicity of tubercidin and ethidium against Trypanosoma gambiense.

    abstract::The coadministration of tubercidin and ethidium to mice infected with Trypanosoma gambiense gave a better parasite clearance than either of the single drugs. The combination was also more toxic to the mice but the inclusion of nitrobenzylthioinosinate in the therapy significantly alleviated the toxicity of the drug co...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ogbunude PO,Ikediobi CO

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental factors underlying spatial patterns of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) associated with leishmaniasis in southern Sinai, Egypt.

    abstract::Although Leishmania major is endemic in parts of the Sinai of Egypt, the ecology and distribution of Leishmania sand fly vectors in southern Sinai has not been well characterized. Accordingly, additional sand fly samples were obtained at 41 sites in the southern Sinai region during 1996-1997, and analyzed to improve t...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kassem HA,Siri J,Kamal HA,Wilson ML

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Practices associated with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza spread in traditional poultry marketing chains: Social and economic perspectives.

    abstract::In developing countries, smallholder poultry production contributes to food security and poverty alleviation in rural areas. However, traditional poultry marketing chains have been threatened by the epidemics caused by the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) virus. The article presents a value chain analysis cond...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paul M,Baritaux V,Wongnarkpet S,Poolkhet C,Thanapongtharm W,Roger F,Bonnet P,Ducrot C

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Triatoma infestans relies on salivary lysophosphatidylcholine to enhance Trypanosoma cruzi transmission.

    abstract::Triatoma infestans is a mandatory haematophagous vector of Chagas disease in Brazil. Despite a large number of studies on the anti-haemostatic molecules present in its saliva, the role of its salivary components on parasite transmission is poorly understood. Here, we show that the bioactive lipid molecule, lysophospha...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lima MS,Carneiro AB,Souto-Padron T,Jurberg J,Silva-Neto MAC,Atella GC

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis B and C viruses in patients with leprosy.

    abstract::It has been reported a higher seroprevalence of HBV and HCV in leprosy patients than in the general population, but the reasons for these findings are not yet clear. On the other hand, there is evidence that these viruses may influence the onset of leprosy reactional episodes, an important cause of neurological sequel...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Costa JEF,Morais VMS,Gonçales JP,Silva DM,Coêlho MRCD

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Biomphalaria glabrata infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis: Proteomic changes in the snail host.

    abstract::Angiostrongylus cantonensis is the main cause of human eosinophilic meningitis. Humans are accidental hosts, becoming infected due to ingestion of raw intermediate (snails and slugs) or paratenic hosts. Once ingested, the larvae migrate towards the brain where they die, causing the disease. To develop better mollusk c...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mendes TMF,Carrilho E,Galinaro CA,Cabral FJ,Allegretti SM

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Simple method for obtaining Toxocara canis antigen for the indirect immunofluorescence technic].

    abstract::A simple method for the preparation of Toxocara canis antigen for the indirect immunofluorescent test is described: Embryonated Toxocara eggs are treated for 12 hours at room temperature with a 1:1 mixture of 2% NaHO and sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) solution with a concentration of 2% free chlorine in order to remove t...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Annen JM,Eckert J,Hess U

    更新日期:1975-01-01 00:00:00

  • A comparative evaluation of the parasitological techniques currently available for the diagnosis of African trypanosomiasis in cattle.

    abstract::The parasitological techniques currently in use for the diagnosis of African trypanosomiasis were compared in a series of experiments for their capacity to detect Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivax and T. brucei in the blood of cattle. The darkground/phase contrast buffy coat method proved to be more sensitive than the ...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paris J,Murray M,McOdimba F

    更新日期:1982-12-01 00:00:00

  • Activity of azithromycin or erythromycin in combination with antimalarial drugs against multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum in vitro.

    abstract::Azithromycin, an azalide analog of erythromycin was assayed for its in vitro activity against multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum K1 strain by measuring the 3H-hypoxanthine incorporation. Azithromycin caused inhibitory effects on the parasite growth with IC50 and IC90 values of 8.4+/-1.2 microM and 26.0+/-0.9 mi...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakornchai S,Konthiang P

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular Phylogeny and taxonomy of a new Myxobolus species from the endangered ornamental fish, Otocinclus cocama endemic to Peru: A host-parasite coextinction approach.

    abstract::A new Myxobolus species is described infecting gill filaments of the endangered ornamental fish Otocinclus cocama from Peruvian Amazon. In a total of 35 fish examined, five (14.3%) had myxozoan plasmodia. Taxonomic analysis was performed integrating multiple characters, including morphometrical, biological traits, ssr...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mathews PD,Mertins O,Milanin T,Espinoza LL,Flores-Gonzales AP,Audebert F,Morandini AC

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging of cystic echinococcosis.

    abstract::This paper reviews various imaging techniques in different organs. Ultrasound is the most popular and readily available technique. Special emphasis is given to computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and their advantages for a confident diagnosis and treatment. ...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: von Sinner WN

    更新日期:1997-09-15 00:00:00

  • Consequences of polyparasitism on anaemia among primary school children in Zimbabwe.

    abstract::The effect of concomitant infection with schistosomes, Plasmodium falciparum and soil transmitted helminths (STHs) on anaemia was determined in 609 Zimbabwean primary school children. P. falciparum, haemoglobin levels and serum ferritin were determined from venous blood. Kato Katz, formal ether concentration and urine...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Midzi N,Mtapuri-Zinyowera S,Mapingure MP,Sangweme D,Chirehwa MT,Brouwer KC,Mudzori J,Hlerema G,Mutapi F,Kumar N,Mduluza T

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ecology of North American Triatominae.

    abstract::In all, 40 native triatomine species and subspecies occur in NA, belonging to six genera from the Triatomini (Triatoma, Paratriatoma, Panstrongylus, Dipetalogaster, Belminus, Eratyrus), and one genus from the Rhodniini (represented by one non-native species Rhodnius prolixus, formerly occurring exclusively in domestic...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ibarra-Cerdeña CN,Sánchez-Cordero V,Townsend Peterson A,Ramsey JM

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Brucella abortus RB51 in milk of vaccinated adult cattle.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to evaluate the shedding of Brucella abortus in the milk of cows vaccinated with a full dose of RB51 during lactation. Eighteen cows, nine previously vaccinated with S19 as calves and nine non-vaccinated, were immunized subcutaneously with 1.3×10(10)CFU of B. abortus RB51, 30-60days after par...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miranda KL,Poester FP,Dorneles EM,Resende TM,Vaz AK,Ferraz SM,Lage AP

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Multiple drug resistance in the pathogenic protozoa.

    abstract::Evidence for the phenomenon of multiple drug resistance (MDR) in the well studied pathogenic protozoa has been examined. This has been placed in the more familiar context of the MDR efflux transporters and the cloned mdr genes of mammalian cells. Homologues of the mdr gene family in protozoa and their possible role in...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Upcroft P

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • Improved Aedes/dengue field surveillance using Gravid Oviposition Sticky trap and dengue NS1 tests: Epidemiological, entomological outcomes and community acceptance.

    abstract::The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility and outcomes of using Gravid Oviposition Sticky (GOS) trap and dengue NS1 antigen tests for indoor and outdoor dengue/Aedes surveillance in the field. A one-year community-based study was carried out at Sungai Buloh Hospital Quarters, Selangor, Malaysia. GOS trap...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liew JWK,Selvarajoo S,Phang WK,Mah Hassan M,Redzuan MS,Selva Kumar S,de Silva JR,Lau YL,Vythilingam I

    更新日期:2021-01-16 00:00:00

  • Modeling Dengue vector population using remotely sensed data and machine learning.

    abstract::Mosquitoes are vectors of many human diseases. In particular, Aedes ægypti (Linnaeus) is the main vector for Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika viruses in Latin America and it represents a global threat. Public health policies that aim at combating this vector require dependable and timely information, which is usually exp...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scavuzzo JM,Trucco F,Espinosa M,Tauro CB,Abril M,Scavuzzo CM,Frery AC

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Use of antigen-detection enzyme immunoassays in assessment of trypanotolerance in N'Dama cattle.

    abstract::Antigen-detection enzyme immunoassays (ELISA) were used for the diagnosis of Trypanosoma vivax, T. congolense and T. brucei in N'Dama cattle in Gabon, Central Africa. The assays are based on monoclonal antibodies which recognise trypanosome antigens specific for each of the three species and animals were termed 'antig...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Trail JC,d'Ieteren GD,Maille JC,Yangari G,Nantulya VM

    更新日期:1991-11-01 00:00:00

  • Entamoeba moshkovskii perspectives of a new agent to be considered in the diagnosis of amebiasis.

    abstract::During the last decade Entamoeba moshkovskii has become relevant given its capacity to infect humans, especially when considering that it is morphologically indistinguishable from E. histolytica. For a long time, E. moshkovskii was considered as a free living amoeba, but in the last decade it has been demonstrated tha...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Heredia RD,Fonseca JA,López MC

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Antiparasitic activity of a triphenyl tin complex against Leishmania donovani.

    abstract::Visceral leishmaniasis is a life-threatening human disease commonly known as kala-azar. Leishmania donovani is the causative agent of this parasitic disease transmitted by the sand fly vector to infect hosts. Triphenyl tin salicylanilide thiosemicarbazone [Ph(3)Sn(OSal.TSCZH)] (TTST) which is an organometallic complex...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raychaudhury B,Banerjee S,Gupta S,Singh RV,Datta SC

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Presence of intradomicile colonies of the triatomine bug Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus in Muñecas, La Paz, Bolivia.

    abstract::Chagas disease is a tropical parasitic disease endemic to Latin America which affects more than 10 million people, and kills more than 15,000 people each year. This condition, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is principally transmitted by kissing bugs (Triatominae). In Bolivia, recent reports by the...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Depickère S,Durán P,López R,Chávez T

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Field evaluation of a semi-automatic funnel trap targeted the medically important non-biting flies.

    abstract::Bait-trapping is a useful approach for monitoring fly population dynamics, and it is an effective tool for physical control of pest species. The aim of this study was to test a newly developed semi-automatic funnel fly trap with some modifications of the former prototype fly trap to study medically important fly popul...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Klong-Klaew T,Sontigun N,Sanit S,Samerjai C,Sukontason K,Kurahashi H,Koehler PG,Pereira RM,Limsopatham K,Suwannayod S,Thanapornpoonpong SN,Chareonviriyaphap T,Sukontason KL

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • miRNA profile of extracellular vesicles isolated from saliva of Haemaphysalis longicornis tick.

    abstract::Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play a key role in host-parasite interactions. Previous studies have shown that parasites can release microRNA (miRNA) containing EVs, which can transfer their contents to host cells and regulate gene expression in recipient cells. However, a little is known about the secretion of EVs by t...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nawaz M,Malik MI,Zhang H,Gebremedhin MB,Cao J,Zhou Y,Zhou J

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Electron microscopical studies on cutaneous leishmaniasis in Ethiopia. II. Parasite and host cell differences between the localized and the diffuse form.

    abstract::The ultrastructure of Leishmania aethiopica parasites and their host cells was investigated in lesions of 7 patients suffering from diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) and in lesions of 4 patients with localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (LCL). The appearance of host cells and parasites varied considerably in both dis...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schurr E,Wunderlich F,Tadesse G

    更新日期:1987-12-01 00:00:00

  • Trypanocidal failure suggested by PCR results in cattle field samples.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to assess, whether polymerase chain reaction (PCR) allows sensitive screening of treatment failure suspicions in areas, where drug resistance against African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) appears to be a problem. PCR was used to detect trypanosome infections prior to, 14 and 28 days after contr...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gall Y,Woitag T,Bauer B,Sidibe I,McDermott J,Mehlitz D,Clausen PH

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Life cycle and vectorial competence of Triatoma williami (Galvão, Souza e Lima, 1965) under the influence of different blood meal sources.

    abstract::Triatoma williami is naturally infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, the ethiological agent of Chagas disease, the most significant cause of morbidity and mortality in South and Central America.The possibility of domiciliation of T. williami increases the risk of human T. cruzi vetorial transmission. Despite this, there is a...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lunardi RR,Gomes LP,Peres Câmara T,Arrais-Silva WW

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is highly sensitive for diagnosis of mucosal leishmaniasis.

    abstract::We evaluated the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) in an endemic area in Acre, Brazil, where Leishmania braziliensis is present. Leishmania DNA was detected 34 of 35 cases, yielding a positivity rate of 97.1%, which was higher than the positivity rates for all of the ot...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oliveira JG,Novais FO,de Oliveira CI,da Cruz Junior AC,Campos LF,da Rocha AV,Boaventura V,Noronha A,Costa JM,Barral A

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Application of environmental DNA analysis for the detection of Opisthorchis viverrini DNA in water samples.

    abstract::Opisthorchiasis, which can lead to cholangiocarcinoma in cases of chronic infection, is a major public health problem in Southeast Asian countries. The trematode, Opisthorchis viverrini, is the causative agent of the disease. Accurate and rapid monitoring of O. viverrini is crucial for disease prevention and containme...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hashizume H,Sato M,Sato MO,Ikeda S,Yoonuan T,Sanguankiat S,Pongvongsa T,Moji K,Minamoto T

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular cloning and characterization of Brugia malayi thymidylate kinase.

    abstract::Thymidylate kinase (TMK) is a potential chemotherapeutic target because it is directly involved in the synthesis of deoxythymidine triphosphate, which is an essential component for DNA synthesis. The gene encoding thymidylate kinase of Brugia malayi was amplified by PCR and expressed in Escherichia coli. The native mo...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Doharey PK,Suthar MK,Verma A,Kumar V,Yadav S,Balaramnavar VM,Rathaur S,Saxena AK,Siddiqi MI,Saxena JK

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00