Knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) and risk factors analysis related to cystic echinococcosis among residents in Tibetan communities, Xiahe County, Gansu Province, China.


:Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a global parasitic zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. The disease is highly endemic in western China, especially in Tibetan areas, because of poor economic development and hygiene conditions, limited community knowledge of CE, a large scale of dogs, and home slaughtering of livestock. Although many researchers have analyzed risk factors of CE transmission in Tibetan Plateau, there are rare reports of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of residents about CE in Tibetan communities. In our current study, community based cross-sectional study was conducted in three townships in Xiahe County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures of Gansu Province from May to September 2013. A total of 972 participants originating from Tibetan communities of 31 villages in the 3 townships were registered and data were collected using structured questionnaires. From the total of 972 study participants (457 males and 515 females), 65.9% heard of the disease CE. Most of them (96.1%) would like to accept CE inspection. About half of the peoples feed their dogs often and major of them do not play with the dogs. Risk factors included resident, knowing dog could be infected, knowing eating could be route of infection, oldest dog's age, usually feed your dog by self, feed dogs with internal organs. In general our findings showed that most of residents had positive attitude toward treatments of the disease, but their practice about disease prevention and control was low. Therefore, our study called for continued and strengthened education of changing the life style, especially the behaviors related to dogs.


Acta Trop


Acta tropica


Li D,Gao Q,Liu J,Feng Y,Ning W,Dong Y,Tao L,Li J,Tian X,Gu J,Xin D




Has Abstract


2015-07-01 00:00:00












  • Comparative efficacy of two rounds of indoor residual spraying of DDT 75% @ 1g/m2 with that of DDT 50% @ 1g/m2 against the malaria vectors in India.

    abstract::While, dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) water dispersible powder (WDP) 75% is considered as the high performance long lasting formulation for indoor residual spraying (IRS), no information is available regarding the comparative epidemiological effectiveness of the two DDT formulations when used for IRS in Indian...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kasinathan G,Sahu SS,Nallan K,Tharmalingam V,Swaminathan S,Behera KP,Pradhan MM,Purusothaman J

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular detection of Trypanosoma cruzi in acai pulp and sugarcane juice.

    abstract::Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi affects about 6-8 million people worldwide. Although transmission by triatomine insects has been controlled, other means of transmission maintain the infection. These forms of transmission are responsible for introducing Chagas disease in other non-endemic countries of the w...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mattos EC,Meira-Strejevitch CDS,Marciano MAM,Faccini CC,Lourenço AM,Pereira-Chioccola VL

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging techniques in the evaluation of morbidity in schistosomiasis mansoni.

    abstract::Over the last 20 years a great advance has been observed in many aspects of medicine, and the advent of novel imaging techniques is certainly amongst the most important. In schistosomiasis these new methods caused a revolution in the definition of the clinical forms of the disease and in the evaluation of its complica...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lambertucci JR,dos Santos Silva LC,Andrade LM,de Queiroz LC,Carvalho VT,Voieta I,Antunes CM

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • The importance of bites by the saw-scaled or carpet viper (Echis carinatus): epidemiological studies in Nigeria and a review of the world literature.

    abstract::The incidence of Echis carinatus (saw-scaled or carpet viper) bite and its mortality have been investigated in the Nigerian savanna region. A geographical area was defined in which the snake was particularly abundant and bites were frequent. Perennial and seasonal fluctuations in incidence and mortality, the circumsta...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Warrell DA,Arnett C

    更新日期:1976-01-01 00:00:00

  • From parasitic disease control to global health: New orientation of the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC.

    abstract::As the only specialized institution for research and control of parasitic diseases at the national level in China for almost 70 years, the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases (NIPD) at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) has been instrumental in supporting the remarkable progress fro...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chen J,Ding W,Li Z,Zhou DD,Yang P,Wang RB,Zheng B,Sheng HF,Guan YY,Xiao N,Li SZ,Zhou XN

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of breeding sites of Phlebotomus orientalis - the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in northwestern Ethiopia.

    abstract::We studied breeding sites of Phlebotomus orientalis (Diptera: Psychodidae) the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in northern Ethiopia. Although numbers were rather small, 165 sand flies were captured emerging from vertisol cracks. The most productive breeding sites were cracked vertisols, dry river banks and close to t...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moncaz A,Kirstein O,Gebresellassie A,Lemma W,Yared S,Gebre-Michael T,Hailu A,Shenker M,Warburg A

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • In Vitro susceptibilities of wild and drug resistant Leishmania donovani amastigotes to piperolactam A loaded hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles.

    abstract::Leishmaniasis is an epidemic in various countries, and the parasite Leishmania donovani is developing resistance against available drugs. In the present study the antileishmanial action of piperolactam A (PL), isolated after bioactivity guided fractionation from root extracts of Piper betle was accentuated in detail. ...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhattacharya P,Mondal S,Basak S,Das P,Saha A,Bera T

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • In vitro anti-echinococcal activity of octreotide: Additive effect of metformin linked to autophagy.

    abstract::Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide zoonosis caused by the Echinococcus granulosus larval stage. The currently available therapy for this disease is based on benzimidazoles, which are rarely curative and cause several adverse effects. Therefore, new treatment options are needed. Octreotide (Oct) is a somatostati...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Loos JA,Negro P,Cumino AC

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic relationships between Trypanosoma cruzi strains isolated from chronic chagasic patients in southern Brazil as revealed by RAPD and SSR-PCR analysis.

    abstract::30 Trypanosoma cruzi strains isolated from chronic chagasic patients were studied at the genotype level by RAPD with arbitrary primers and SSR-PCR analysis. The genetic distance of strains was measured by the percentage of unshared bands. The results showed that the strains isolated from chronic patients from differen...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gomes ML,Macedo AM,Pena SD,Chiari E

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • DNA barcoding of five Japanese encephalitis mosquito vectors (Culex fuscocephala, Culex gelidus, Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Culex pseudovishnui and Culex vishnui).

    abstract::Culex mosquitoes can act as vectors of several important diseases, including Japanese encephalitis, West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis and equine encephalitis. Besides the neurological sequelae caused in humans, Japanese encephalitis can lead to abortion in sows and encephalitis in horses. Effective vector contro...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karthika P,Vadivalagan C,Thirumurugan D,Kumar RR,Murugan K,Canale A,Benelli G

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative proteomic analysis of surface proteins of Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae and intestinal infective larvae.

    abstract::The critical step for Trichinella spiralis infection is that muscle larvae (ML) are activated to intestinal infective larvae (IIL) and invade intestinal epithelium to further develop. The IIL is its first invasive stage, surface proteins are directly exposed to host environment and are crucial for larval invasion and ...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu RD,Cui J,Liu XL,Jiang P,Sun GG,Zhang X,Long SR,Wang L,Wang ZQ

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Urban schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminthiases in young school children in Dar es Salaam and Tanga, Tanzania, after a decade of anthelminthic intervention.

    abstract::Rapid urbanization in resource poor countries often results in expansion of unplanned settlements with overcrowding and inadequate sanitation. These conditions potentially support transmission of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths (STH), but knowledge on the occurrence, transmission and control of these in...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mwakitalu ME,Malecela MN,Mosha FW,Simonsen PE

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Dominance of Giardia assemblage B in León, Nicaragua.

    abstract::Giardiasis is a major problem in León, Nicaragua, yet despite this no data are available regarding the prevalence of different Giardia genotypes in this area. To address this question, a molecular analysis of Giardia isolates from humans and dogs living in the same area in León, Nicaragua was performed. Giardia isolat...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lebbad M,Ankarklev J,Tellez A,Leiva B,Andersson JO,Svärd S

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Bay 44-4400, a new cyclodepsipeptide, on developing stages of filariae (Acanthocheilonema viteae, Brugia malayi, Litomosoides sigmodontis) in the rodent Mastomys coucha.

    abstract::Bay 44-4400 was used as a spot on formulation and administered in single doses of 25 and 100 mg/kg to Acanthocheilonema viteae, Brugia malayi, and Litomosoides sigmodontis infected Mastomys coucha on various dates during prepatency, aiming to affect third stage larvae, fourth stage larvae or preadult worms. Microfilar...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zahner H,Taubert A,Harder A,von Samson-Himmelstjerna G

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of disturbance stridulations in five species of triatominae bugs.

    abstract::It has been observed that Triatoma infestans and Rhodnius prolixus females stridulate to reject copulatory attempts performed by males. In addition, triatomines stridulate when disturbed or handled. In the present study, the temporal structure and frequency spectra of vibrational signals produced by mechanically distu...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schilman PE,Lazzari CR,Manrique G

    更新日期:2001-05-25 00:00:00

  • The alkylphospholipid edelfosine shows activity against Strongyloides venezuelensis and induces apoptosis-like cell death.

    abstract::Strongyloidiasis is widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical areas. Ivermectin is the drug of choice for the treatment. However, the concerns about relying treatment on a single drug make identification of new molecules a priority. Alkylphospholipid analogues, including edelfosine, are a group of synthetic c...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Legarda-Ceballos AL,Rojas-Caraballo J,López-Abán J,Ruano AL,Yepes E,Gajate C,Mollinedo F,Muro A

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Impact of Sociological and Environmental Factors for Dengue Infection in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Dengue incidence has grown dramatically around the world in recent years. Vector control is the only method to reduce dengue incidence due to the lack of a vaccine available. By understanding the factors contributed to the vector densities such as environmental and sociological factors, dengue prevention and...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adnan RA,Ramli MF,Othman HF,Asha'ri ZH,Ismail SNS,Samsudin S

    更新日期:2021-01-21 00:00:00

  • Foodborne intestinal flukes: A brief review of epidemiology and geographical distribution.

    abstract::Foodborne intestinal flukes are highly diverse consisting of at least 74 species with a diverse global distribution. Taxonomically they include 28 species of heterophyids, 23 species of echinostomes, and 23 species of miscellaneous groups (amphistomes, brachylaimids, cyathocotylids, diplostomes, fasciolids, gymnophall...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chai JY,Jung BK

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Whole-genome sequence analysis and exploration of the zoonotic potential of a rat-borne Bartonella elizabethae.

    abstract::Bartonella elizabethae has been known to cause endocarditis and neuroretinitis in humans. The genomic features and virulence profiles of a B. elizabethae strain (designated as BeUM) isolated from the spleen of a wild rat in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are described in this study. The BeUM strain has a genome size of 1,932,...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tay ST,Kho KL,Wee WY,Choo SW

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of the quality and quantity of blood ingested on reproductive parameters and life-span in Triatoma infestans (Klug).

    abstract::In Triatominae, female fecundity and fertility may be affected by age, adult nutritional status (i.e., blood meal source and amount of blood ingested) and number of matings. Triatoma infestans (Klug) is the main vector of Chagas disease in southern South America and considering that reproductive success is intimately ...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nattero J,Leonhard G,Rodríguez CS,Crocco L

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Increasing rabies data availability: The example of a One Health research project in Chad, Côte d'Ivoire and Mali.

    abstract::Rabies is a fatal but preventable disease that remains notoriously underreported. Weak data availability hampers advocacy, constitutes a barrier to resource allocation and inhibits effective prevention and control. To gain better insight into the global rabies burden and human vaccine demand several studies were funde...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Léchenne M,Traore A,Hattendorf J,Kallo V,Oussiguere A,Tetchi M,Moyengar R,Traore AK,Moto DD,Ngandolo R,Bonfoh B,Zinsstag J

    更新日期:2020-12-29 00:00:00

  • The pharmacodynamic study of a potent new antimalarial (MC1).

    abstract::2,3-bis(Trifluoromethyl)-4-(3-hydroxyquinuclidinylquinoline) or MC(1) is a new synthetic compound with potent antimalarial activity in vitro and in vivo studies. The IC(50) values of MC(1) and chloroquine in in vitro culture of Plasmodium falciparum are 7.0x10(-8) and 6.06x10(-7)M, respectively. In an in vivo study us...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Satayavivad J,Watcharasit P,Khamkong P,Tuntawiroon J,Pavaro C,Ruchirawat S

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Fumigant toxicity of Citrus sinensis essential oil on Musca domestica L. adults in the absence and presence of a P450 inhibitor.

    abstract::Essential oils (EOs) are potential tools for controlling Musca domestica L. In a fumigant assay, M. domestica adults treated with Citrus sinensis EO (LC50=3.9mg/dm(3)), with (4R)(+)-limonene (95.1%) being its main component, died within 15min or less. The terpenes absorbed by the flies and their metabolites, analyzed ...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rossi YE,Palacios SM

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • The potency of eriosematin E from Eriosema chinense Vogel. against enteropathogenic Escherichia coli induced diarrhoea using preclinical and molecular docking studies.

    abstract::The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential of eriosematin E (ECM) isolated from the roots of Eriosema chinense against enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) induced diarrhoea. ECM isolated from the bioactive chloroform fraction of E. chinense was subjected to antidiarrhoeal evaluation on ...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parmar KM,Bhagwat DS,Sinha SK,Katare NT,Prasad SK

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring prognosis in chronic relapsing visceral leishmaniasis among HIV-infected patients: Circulating Leishmania DNA.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) affecting HIV-infected patients is considered a challenging condition because of its high mortality and relapse rates. The approach of this condition is still surrounded by many uncertainties, especially regarding the criteria to institute and discontinue secondary prophylaxis for...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cota GF,de Sousa MR,de Assis TSM,Pinto BF,Rabello A

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of Kato-Katz, ethyl-acetate sedimentation, and Midi Parasep® in the diagnosis of hookworm, Ascaris and Trichuris infections in the context of an evaluation of rural sanitation in India.

    abstract::The Kato-Katz, conventional ethyl-acetate sedimentation, and Midi Parasep(®) methods for diagnosing infection with soil-transmitted helminths were compared. The Kato-Katz technique gave the best overall diagnostic performance with the highest results in all measures (prevalence, faecal egg count, sensitivity) followed...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Funk AL,Boisson S,Clasen T,Ensink JH

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection and vector control activities in rural communities of the southern Gran Chaco (Argentina).

    abstract::We compared age-related seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection with history of vector control interventions and social and ecological changes in three historically endemic departments of Cordoba province, Argentina, covering an area of 42,600 km(2) of the Gran Chaco region. Using a cross sectional design, blood...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moreno ML,Moretti E,Basso B,Céspedes MF,Catalá SS,Gorla DE

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular detection of Trypanosoma (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Thailand.

    abstract::Trypanosomes are parasitic flagellate protozoans that are important disease causing agents in humans and animals including economically significant livestock. Many blood-sucking insects are known to be vectors of trypanosomes but there is no data for the haematophagous black fly species in Asia. In this study, a molec...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thaijarern J,Tangkawanit U,Wongpakam K,Pramual P

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of catalytic and non-catalytic activities of EgGST2-3, a heterodimeric glutathione transferase from Echinococcus granulosus.

    abstract::Glutathione transferases (GSTs) perform several catalytic and non-catalytic roles in the defense against toxicities of electrophile compounds and oxidative stress, and therefore are involved in stress-response and cell detoxification. Previously, we have provided evidence indicating that EgGST2 and EgGST3, two phyloge...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lopez-Gonzalez V,La-Rocca S,Arbildi P,Fernandez V

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of Plasmodium knowlesi using recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) combined with SYBR Green I.

    abstract::In this study, recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) combined with SYBR Green I was developed for the detection of Plasmodium knowlesi. Positive samples were indicated with a green color while negative samples were orange. To increase the efficiency of amplification, an interval mixing step of samples after 3 to ...

    journal_title:Acta tropica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lai MY,Lau YL

    更新日期:2020-05-15 00:00:00