Psychopathology and resident status - comparing asylum seekers, refugees, illegal migrants, labor migrants, and residents.


PURPOSE:This study aimed to describe, compare, and predict mental health outcomes of different migrant groups and native residents in Switzerland. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Asylum seekers (n=65); refugees holding permanent protection visas (n=34); illegal migrants (n=21); labor migrants (n=26); and residents (n=56) completed an assessment by questionnaire. Main outcome variables were symptoms of posttraumatic stress, anxiety and depression. It was tested whether resident status predicted psychopathology over and above the influence of control variables including social desirability, traumatic event types and post-migration resources. RESULTS:Asylum seekers (54.0%) and refugees (41.4%) fulfilled criteria of PTSD most frequently. Clinically relevant symptoms of anxiety and depression were most frequently reported by asylum seekers (84.6% and 63.1%, resp.) and illegal migrants (both 47.6%). Resident status contributed to psychopathology over and above the influence of control variables. CONCLUSIONS:Overall, asylum seekers, refugees, and illegal migrants showed high psychiatric morbidity. Differences in resident status appear to be specifically associated with mental health outcomes. This association persists even when controlling for social desirability, post-migration resources and traumatic events. This emphasizes the importance of current socio-political living conditions for mental health, even with respect to the psychopathological sequelae of past traumatic experiences.


Compr Psychiatry


Comprehensive psychiatry


Heeren M,Wittmann L,Ehlert U,Schnyder U,Maier T,Müller J




Has Abstract


2014-05-01 00:00:00














  • Finders keepers: the features differentiating hoarding disorder from normative collecting.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:A new diagnostic category called Hoarding Disorder (HD) has been proposed for inclusion in DSM-5. It is paramount that this addition does not result in an over-pathologization of normative behavior. Collectors constitute a valid population within which to test the diagnostic boundaries of HD. The current stud...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nordsletten AE,Fernández de la Cruz L,Billotti D,Mataix-Cols D

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Dissociative experiences and dissociative disorders in acute psychiatric inpatients.

    abstract::The study attempted to determine the extent of dissociative experiences and the prevalence of dissociative disorders (DDs) in a series of acute psychiatric inpatients and to correlate these experiences and disorders with some sociodemographic, clinical, and historical variables. A total of 207 consecutively admitted p...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Modestin J,Ebner G,Junghan M,Erni T

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Separation anxiety in adulthood: a phenomenological investigation.

    abstract::Separation anxiety disorder is well recognized as a juvenile psychiatric disorder, but it appears to be rarely diagnosed in adulthood. Drawing on our clinical impressions and a review of the relevant literature, we sought to investigate whether separation anxiety symptoms could be identified in adulthood. Forty-four s...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manicavasagar V,Silove D,Curtis J

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Personality disorders in patients with panic disorder: association with childhood anxiety disorders, early trauma, comorbidity, and chronicity.

    abstract::The rates of comorbid personality disorders in patients with panic disorder are reported to be elevated, have an adverse impact on the response to treatment, and increase the likelihood of relapse on treatment discontinuation. We examined the rates of personality disorders in panic disorder patients in a longitudinal,...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pollack MH,Otto MW,Rosenbaum JF,Sachs GS

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • The role of avoidance in the phenomenology of obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pathologic levels of ritualistic avoidance (also known as active avoidance) are common in the clinical presentation of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Despite its clinical relevance, there has been little examination of active avoidance as a ritualistic compulsion in adults with OCD. OBJECTIVE:The obje...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McGuire JF,Storch EA,Lewin AB,Price LH,Rasmussen SA,Goodman WK

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in a population of DSM-III-R schizophrenic patients and control subjects.

    abstract::Phenomenological, biological, genetic, treatment-response, and outcome data support a link between schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) and schizophrenia. Furthermore, SPD and normal schizotypy also seem connected, although the relationship can at times be ambiguous. In this regard, this study was conducted to test ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daneluzzo E,Bustini M,Stratta P,Casacchia M,Rossi A

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical characteristics of mania, mixed mania, and bipolar depression with psychotic features.

    abstract::This study investigated a series of clinical characteristics, including the level of insight into illness and axis I comorbidity, in 125 patients with bipolar disorder with psychotic features categorized in three groups: 62 patients with mania, 28 patients with mixed mania, and 35 patients with depression. All patient...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dell'Osso L,Pini S,Tundo A,Sarno N,Musetti L,Cassano GB

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • A dimensional approach to assessing personality functioning: examining personality trait domains utilizing DSM-IV personality disorder criteria.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study compared a dimensional, trait domain approach to characterizing personality pathology with the traditional polythetic approach with respect to their associations with interpersonal functioning and personality traits from the five factor model. METHODS:Psychiatric inpatients (N=1476) were administ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Christopher Fowler J,Sharp C,Kalpakci A,Madan A,Clapp J,Allen JG,Christopher Frueh B,Oldham JM

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Is alexithymia linked with marital satisfaction or attachment to the partner? A study in a pregnancy cohort of parents-to-be.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate possible associations of alexithymia with marital satisfaction and mutual attachment between the partners in a group of parents-to-be during pregnancy. METHODS:The present study was conducted in a pregnancy cohort. Cross-sectional data were available for 151 mothers and 106 fathers, and altoge...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karukivi M,Tolvanen M,Karlsson L,Karlsson H

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of fatigue using the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory in patients with major depressive disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:There are problems with the fatigue measures currently used in depressed patients. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) covering general fatigue, physical fatigue, mental fatigue, reduced activity and reduced motivation has been widely used in patients with cancer and chronic fatigue syndrome. To ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chung KF,Yu BY,Yung KP,Yeung WF,Ng TH,Ho FY

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Outcome of psychiatric treatment: what is relevant for our patients?

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    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hasler G,Moergeli H,Schnyder U

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical features of pure obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Psychiatric comorbidity is the rule in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); however, very few studies have evaluated the clinical characteristics of patients with no co-occurring disorders (non-comorbid or "pure" OCD). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of pure cases in a large multicenter s...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Torres AR,Shavitt RG,Torresan RC,Ferrão YA,Miguel EC,Fontenelle LF

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Delusional disorder: The role of personality and emotions on delusional ideation.

    abstract::The relationship between personality and Delusional Disorder in still debated. The present study aimed to evaluate the role of personality features and emotional dispositions on the proneness to delusional beliefs, through the lens of a dimensional approach. 91 outpatients were administered the Structured Interview fo...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tonna M,Paglia F,Ottoni R,Ossola P,De Panfilis C,Marchesi C

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between characteristics of sexual abuse and dissociative experiences.

    abstract::Childhood sexual abuse has been associated with adult dissociative symptomatology. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between specific characteristics of sexual abuse and dissociative experiences in adulthood. Fifty-six female inpatients with a history of physical abuse and severe sexual abuse r...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zlotnick C,Begin A,Shea MT,Pearlstein T,Simpson E,Costello E

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • The cognitive structure of higher functioning autism and schizophrenia: a comparative study.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine whether performance on a standard cognitive test-battery can be used to clearly separate higher functioning autism from schizophrenia. Revised Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-R) or Adults (WAIS-R) profiles of 20 autistic and 20 schizophrenic adolescent young adul...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bölte S,Rudolf L,Poustka F

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Different dysfunctional emotion regulation strategies are observed in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and comorbid eating disorders (EDs) who report non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of two well-defined emotion regulation strategies (i....

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    authors: Navarro-Haro MV,Wessman I,Botella C,García-Palacios A

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Extended-release fluvoxamine and improvements in quality of life in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We hypothesized that subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who received extended-release fluvoxamine (fluvoxamine ER) in a 12-week placebo-controlled trial would exhibit improvements in psychosocial domains of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and that additional improvements would occur afte...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Koran LM,Bromberg D,Hornfeldt CS,Shepski JC,Wang S,Hollander E

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Is a brief self-report version of the Columbia severity scale useful for screening suicidal ideation in Chilean adolescents?

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    authors: Núñez D,Arias V,Méndez-Bustos P,Fresno A

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Nardi AE,Valença AM,Lopes FL,Nascimento I,Veras AB,Freire RC,Mezzasalma MA,de-Melo-Neto VL,Zin WA

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pfropfschizophrenia in the age of deinstitutionalization: whose problem?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Kraepelinian concept of pfropfschizophrenia refers to the intertwined coexistence of mental retardation and schizophrenia. Patients with this syndrome are relatively treatment resistant and are often harmed by diverging policies and cost cuts within the framework of mental health care services. Thus, a b...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Catinari S,Vass A,Ermilov M,Heresco-Levy U

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Symptoms of disordered eating, body shape, and mood concerns in male and female Chinese medical students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This cross-sectional study explored the prevalence of disordered eating attitudes, body shape concerns, and social anxiety and depressive symptoms in male and female medical students in China. METHOD:Four hundred eighty-seven students from Central South University (Hunan Province, Changsha City, China) compl...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liao Y,Knoesen NP,Castle DJ,Tang J,Deng Y,Bookun R,Chen X,Hao W,Meng G,Liu T

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels and psychotic symptoms in heroin dependence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Psychotic symptoms are commonly observed among heroin users. Low serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels have been reported in schizophrenia and psychosis; however, studies assessing the relationship between serum BDNF levels and psychotic symptoms in heroin dependence are lacking. METHOD:A to...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

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    authors: Han B,Zhang XY,Wang DY,Ren WW,Gu YY,Zhu L,Chang YL,Wang LP,Wu CW,Jin QQ,Chen C,Lyu DZ,Zhao JY,Shao B,He JC

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Anhedonia as predictor of clinical events after acute coronary syndromes: a 3-year prospective study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Depression after acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is an important risk factor for further coronary events; but the influence of anhedonia, the decreased capacity to experience pleasure, has received little attention. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of anhedonia on prognosis at 3-year follow...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

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    authors: Leroy M,Loas G,Perez-Diaz F

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Affectionless control by the same-sex parents increases dysfunctional attitudes about achievement.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The affectionless control parenting has been associated with depression in recipients. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of this parenting style on dysfunctional attitudes predisposing to depression. METHODS:The subjects were 666 Japanese volunteers. Perceived parental rearing was evaluated by...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Otani K,Suzuki A,Matsumoto Y,Sadahiro R,Enokido M

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Preoccupation and distress are relevant dimensions in delusional beliefs.

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    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sisti D,Rocchi MB,Siddi S,Mura T,Manca S,Preti A,Petretto DR

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Powers PS,Coovert DL,Brightwell DR,Stevens BA

    更新日期:1988-09-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nestadt G,Eaton WW,Romanoski AJ,Garrison R,Folstein MF,McHugh PR

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Neurosurgical treatment of Tourette's syndrome: a critical review.

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    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rauch SL,Baer L,Cosgrove GR,Jenike MA

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • Underconstrained perception: a theoretical approach to the nature and function of verbal hallucinations.

    abstract::We do not see the world as it is. Perception forms a subjective image of the world in a language that has proven to be adaptive to our interaction with the external world. Perception is mainly determined by current needs of the organism and goals of behavior. Sensory processing itself does not culminate in perception ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Behrendt RP

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • An analysis of the cognitive deficit of schizophrenia based on the Piaget developmental theory.

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    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Torres A,Olivares JM,Rodriguez A,Vaamonde A,Berrios GE

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00