Prostate capsule: computerized morphometric analysis of its components.


OBJECTIVES:There is little objective information on what is designated as being the prostate capsule. We have quantified objectively with computerized image analysis the percentage of smooth muscle fibers (SMFs) surrounding the surgical specimens of radical prostatectomies. METHODS:Ten radical prostatectomy specimens were used. Six different parts from prostate lobe were analyzed. Thirty different fields were examined from each tissue section. For tissue sections, different stains were used: hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome, and immunohistochemical staining with antiactin for SMFs. RESULTS:The mean thickness of the prostate capsule was 0.5 to 2 mm. The mean percentages of SMFs in the different regions of the prostate capsule was 30.6%. No difference was noted between the percentage of SMFs in the prostatic capsule compared with that in the prostate parenchyma itself (30.7%). CONCLUSIONS:This study provides objective evidence to demonstrate that the prostate does not have a true capsule. This capsule represents a fibromuscular band that probably should be considered as the extension of the internal parenchyma.






Sattar AA,Noël JC,Vanderhaeghen JJ,Schulman CC,Wespes E




Has Abstract


1995-08-01 00:00:00
















  • Fear of recurrence, symptom burden, and health-related quality of life in men with prostate cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the contributions of fear of recurrence and the more commonly examined treatment-related symptoms to the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of men treated for localized prostate cancer. METHODS:A total of 730 men with localized disease were identified from the Cancer of the Prostate Strategic...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bellizzi KM,Latini DM,Cowan JE,DuChane J,Carroll PR

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Color Doppler ultrasound in newborn testis torsion.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the usefulness of color Doppler ultrasound in evaluating the newborn with suspected antenatal testis torsion. METHODS:Nine newborns with 10 antenatally torsed testes were examined using color Doppler and gray-scale ultrasound. RESULTS:Each examination revealed lack of intratesticular blood flow o...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Cartwright PC,Snow BW,Reid BS,Shultz PK

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Laparoscopic techniques applied to open surgery: sliding-clip renorrhaphy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe our initial experience with the laparoscopic technique of sliding-clip renorrhaphy applied to open surgery for small renal masses. METHODS:Knotless renorrhaphy with the sliding-clip technique is performed by securing suture with Hem-o-lok clips slid under tension against the renal capsule and lo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gorin MA,Ramanathan R,Leveillee RJ

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy monotherapy for renal stones >25 mm in children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the safety and efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) as monotherapy for renal stones >25 mm in children. METHODS:Our prospective study included 24 children <14 years old with radiopaque renal stones >25 mm treated by ESWL as first-line treatment using the electromagnetic Dorn...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shouman AM,Ziada AM,Ghoneim IA,Morsi HA

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Role of lymphadenectomy in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma.

    abstract::We evaluated the role of lymphadenectomy (LND) in the prevention of local recurrence following radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) by two retrospective studies. In one, the relative importance of various tumor characteristics to the subsequent development of local recurrence was investigated in 37 patie...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phillips E,Messing EM

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Phenacetin-induced renal papillary necrosis: pyonephros, anuria, and bilateral ureteral obstruction.

    abstract::A fifty-five-year-old man was seen with anuria. Retrograde pyelograms demonstrated bilateral ureteral obstruction subsequently shown to have resulted from sloughed renal papillae. A twenty-year history of phenacetin was obtained. Treatment included bilateral ureteral intubation, then ureterotomy on one side. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Strimer RM,Morin LJ

    更新日期:1975-06-01 00:00:00

  • Acid phosphatase levels of irrigant solution during transurethral prostatectomy.

    abstract::The acid phosphatase level of irrigant solution used during transurethral prostate resections was measured in 20 patients. The mean acid phosphatase of the irrigant solution was 45.3 IU/L (S.D. 50.7). The degree of elevation of irrigant acid phosphatase was related to the weight of tissue resected, the duration of the...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Donnell PD,Jacks DW,Brizzolara JP

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Apomorphine versus mating behavior in testing erectile capabilities of diabetic rats.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important cause of organic impotence. It is estimated that 35% to 75% of diabetic patients are impotent. In the present study we investigated the effect of experimentally induced diabetes (streptozocin 60 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, for 9 weeks) on sexual behavior and compared it t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elabbady A,Hassouna MM,Elhilali M

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy of Pressure Regulating Balloon Exchange in Men With Post Artificial Urinary Sphincter Persistent or Recurrent Stress Urinary Incontinence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the efficacy of exchanging the pressure regulating balloon (PRB) to 71-80 cm H2O in patients with persistent or recurrent stress urinary incontinence (SUI) following artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) placement. METHODS:Patients with SUI following AUS placement who underwent PRB replacement between...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moses RA,Keihani S,Craig JR,Basilius J,Hotaling JM,Lenherr SM,Brant WO,Myers JB

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for urinary incontinence among women with type 1 diabetes: findings from the epidemiology of diabetes interventions and complications study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine risk factors for, and long-term effects of, glycemic control on urinary incontinence among women with type 1 diabetes enrolled in the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study. METHODS:The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (1982-1993) cohort follow-up, Epidemiology o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sarma AV,Kanaya A,Nyberg LM,Kusek JW,Vittinghoff E,Rutledge B,Cleary PA,Gatcomb P,Brown JS,Diabetes Control and Complications Trial\/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications Research Group.

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site nephroureterectomy: initial report.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To present a case of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) nephroureterectomy (NUx), a type of embroyonic natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery, which is one of the recent innovations in the era of laparoscopy, in a child. METHODS:A 10-year-old girl underwent left nephroureterectomy by LESS d...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bayazit Y,Aridogan IA,Abat D,Satar N,Doran S

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Novel technique for testicular salvage after combat-related genitourinary injury.

    abstract::We report a case of traumatic testicular injury resulting in significant loss of both tunica albuginea and seminiferous tubules. Secondary to the substantial tissue loss, our approach to surgical reconstruction required a certain degree of creativity. The injury was managed by creating a single midline testis with two...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yap SA,DeLair SM,Ellison LM

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Interferon alfa and vinblastine versus medroxyprogesterone acetate in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Since the beginning of the 1980s, when gene technology provided sufficient amounts of cytokines, numerous Phase II studies in metastatic renal cell carcinoma were carried out mostly with interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) and interleukin-2 (IL-2). So far, no randomized prospective trials including untreated control...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kriegmair M,Oberneder R,Hofstetter A

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Hypospadias repair by laser tissue soldering: intraoperative results and follow-up in 30 children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the use of laser tissue soldering (LTS) as an adjunct to suturing of, as well as a primary means of, tissue closure in urethral reconstruction. METHODS:Since June 1994, 26 boys ranging in age from 3 months to 14 years (mean 3.0 years) underwent hypospadias repair using LTS techniques. The classi...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Kirsch AJ,de Vries GM,Chang DT,Olsson CA,Connor JP,Hensle TW

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Kaposi sarcoma limited to glans penis.

    abstract::Two cases of Kaposi sarcoma are presented. In each case the lesion had a bluish discoloration and was painless. Excision of lesions with wider margins was adequate therapy. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Conger K,Sporer A

    更新日期:1985-08-01 00:00:00

  • Direct vision bladder catheterization using a short rigid ureteroscope.

    abstract::We describe the use of a short, rigid ureteroscope to place a Foley catheter into the bladder under direct vision. The Circon ACMI MICRO-6 short ureteroscope was passed through a 22F Foley catheter modified with a catheter punch device. The catheter was placed rapidly and without difficulty in 2 patients with signific...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rozanski TA,Salazar F,Thompson IM

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative study of the effects of magnetic versus electrical stimulation on inhibition of detrusor overactivity.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To perform a randomized comparative study investigating the urodynamic effects of functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) on the inhibition of detrusor overactivity. METHODS:Thirty-two patients with urinary incontinence due to detrusor overactivity (15 men, 17 women...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Yamanishi T,Sakakibara R,Uchiyama T,Suda S,Hattori T,Ito H,Yasuda K

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Coiling the arterial feeder: report on a successfully treated extensive hemangioma of the periprostatic venous plexus and the bladder neck.

    abstract::Extensive hemangioma of the prostate and the bladder is rare. In most cases, patients present for hematuria, hematospermia, or lower urinary tract symptoms. Confined lesions treatable with transurethral resection are most common but large hemangiomas requiring partial cystectomy are reported as well. Endoscopic or ope...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mager R,Thalhammer A,Riener MO,Frankenau P,Haferkamp A

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Erectile dysfunction in systemic sclerosis.

    abstract::Systemic sclerosis (SSc, scleroderma), a connective tissue disorder involving multiple organ systems, can be a causal factor in erectile dysfunction. We present a case report and a review of the literature. Awareness of this association can hasten the detection of this disorder and influence management choices. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lotfi MA,Varga J,Hirsch IH

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Nocturia in interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To explore the roles of pain and urgency in the nocturia of patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS). METHODS:In a longitudinal study of incident IC/PBS cases, we assessed the associations of the presence and severity of nocturia with the presence and severity of pain and urgenc...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Warren JW,Horne L,Diggs C,Greenberg P,Langenberg PW

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Solitary late recurrence of renal cell carcinoma presenting as duodenal ulcer.

    abstract::The natural history of renal cell carcinoma is often unpredictable and even bizarre. We report a case of solitary late recurrence of renal cell carcinoma presenting as a duodenal ulcer and review the relevant literature. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freedman AI,Tomaszewski JE,Van Arsdalen KN

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality and morbidity in pretransplant bilateral nephrectomy: analysis of 305 cases.

    abstract::The surgical riks were analyzed in 305 patients with end stage renal failure who underwent bilateral nephrectomy through midabdominal approach in preparation for kidney transplantation. The over-all mortality rate was 3.6 per cent. Age was the most significant risk factor in the mortality. Patients less than fifty yea...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yarimizu SN,Susan LP,Straffon RA,Stewart BH,Magnusson MO,Nakamoto SS

    更新日期:1978-07-01 00:00:00

  • What Is the Role of α-Blockers for Medical Expulsive Therapy? Results From a Meta-analysis of 60 Randomized Trials and Over 9500 Patients.

    abstract::Use of α-blockers for medical expulsive therapy (MET) has been the subject of huge debate in urology. Moreover, there have been a number of randomized controlled trials with differing results. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating the efficacy of α-blockers fo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Aboumarzouk OM,Jones P,Amer T,Kotsiris D,Emiliani E,Somani B,Kallidonis P,Tailly T,Atis G,Greco F,Hruby S,Alvarez M,Al-Rumaihi K,Shamsodini A,Al-Ansari A,Shokeir A

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Laparoscopic cryoablation for clinical stage T1 renal masses: long-term oncologic outcomes at the Medical College of Wisconsin.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To report the long-term oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic cryoablation for clinical stage T1 renal masses at the Medical College of Wisconsin. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A retrospective chart review was performed evaluating patients who underwent laparoscopic cryoablation for renal masses at the Medical College ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson S,Pham KN,See W,Begun FP,Langenstroer P

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pretreatment nomogram predicting ten-year biochemical outcome of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To update our previously published nomogram predicting for biochemical outcome with 10-year data from a larger cohort of patients treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (RT) or intensity-modulated RT for localized prostate cancer. METHODS:From 1988 to 2004, 2253 patients were treated with thr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zelefsky MJ,Kattan MW,Fearn P,Fearon BL,Stasi JP,Shippy AM,Scardino PT

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Functioning malignant nonchromaffin paraganglioma of retroperitoneum with metastases.

    abstract::A case is reported of a functioning, malignant nonchromaffin paraganglioma (chemodectoma) of the retroperitoneum with metastases in a seventeen-year-old boy. The literature is reviewed and the treatment modalities are discussed. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weber HR,Gaeta JF,Merrin CE

    更新日期:1976-06-01 00:00:00

  • Active Surveillance of Prostate Cancer in a Community Practice: How to Measure, Manage, and Improve?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To measure past active surveillance (AS) adoption rates, institute the best practice, and measure the AS adoption rates following implementation. We report our findings over a 3-year period. METHODS:Patient prostate needle biopsy and treatment data from the period August 2011 to August 2014 were retrieved fr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaylis F,Cohen E,Calabrese R,Prime H,Dato P,Kane CJ

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of Obesity on Perioperative Outcomes at Robotic-assisted and Open Radical Prostatectomy: Results From the National Inpatient Sample.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To test the effect of obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) on perioperative outcomes and total hospital charges at robot-assisted vs open radical prostatectomy (RARP vs ORP). METHODS:Within the National Inpatient Sample database (2008-2015), we identified obese vs nonobese RARP and ORP patients. Estimated ann...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Knipper S,Mazzone E,Mistretta FA,Palumbo C,Tian Z,Briganti A,Saad F,Tilki D,Graefen M,Karakiewicz PI

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of vascular endothelial growth factor on regeneration of bladder acellular matrix graft: histologic and functional evaluation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on regeneration of the bladder acellular matrix graft (BAMG). METHODS:A total of 40 female rats were divided into two groups. In the experimental group (VEGF+), the BAMG was incubated in VEGF and VEGF was injected into the host bladder. In ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Youssif M,Shiina H,Urakami S,Gleason C,Nunes L,Igawa M,Enokida H,Tanagho EA,Dahiya R

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal association between prostatitis and development of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine whether physician-diagnosed prostatitis was associated with later development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-associated events in a longitudinal, population-based sample of 2447 men residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota. METHODS:Medical records were reviewed for physician diagnosis of pr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: St Sauver JL,Jacobson DJ,McGree ME,Girman CJ,Lieber MM,Jacobsen SJ

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00