Management of systolic blood pressure after endoscopic submucosal dissection is crucial for prevention of post-ESD gastric bleeding.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a useful technique for early gastric neoplasms without lymph node metastasis. However, a critical complication is unpredictable post-ESD bleeding. Some risk factors for post-ESD bleeding have been reported previously, although those risk factors have not directly contributed toward prevention of post-ESD bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We retrospectively identified 186 gastric neoplasms in 183 consecutive patients treated with ESD from 2005 to 2012 at Nagoya City University Hospital, and divided them into two groups on the basis of the presence or absence of post-ESD bleeding. RESULTS:Of the 186 lesions, eight lesions (4.2%) developed post-ESD bleeding. Univariate analysis identified hypertension (38.8% in nonbleeding vs. 87.5% in bleeding; P=0.009) and depressed-type tumors (26.4% in nonbleeding vs. 62.5% in bleeding; P=0.040) as significantly related to the incidence of post-ESD bleeding. On multivariate analysis, hypertension (odds ratio, 11.55; 95% confidence interval, 1.20-111.66; P=0.034) and depressed-type tumors (odds ratio, 5.36; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-25.73; P=0.036) were independent risk factors for post-ESD bleeding. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) after ESD was significantly higher in the post-ESD bleeding group than in the post-ESD non-bleeding group (P=0.021), with the comorbidity of hypertension significantly correlating with SBP after ESD (ρ=0.332, P<0.001). CONCLUSION:Control of SBP after ESD is important for the prevention of post-ESD bleeding because hypertension as a comorbidity, which is associated positively with SBP after ESD, is a significant risk factor for post-ESD bleeding.

authors

Ebi M,Shimura T,Nishiwaki H,Tanaka M,Tsukamoto H,Ozeki K,Sawada T,Mizoshita T,Mori Y,Kubota E,Tanida S,Kataoka H,Joh T

doi

10.1097/MEG.0000000000000072

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2014-05-01 00:00:00

pages

504-9

issue

5

eissn

0954-691X

issn

1473-5687

journal_volume

26

pub_type

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