Persistence of the pars externa system of the anterior olfactory nucleus in a microsmatic primate, Callithrix jacchus.


:The pars externa (PE) system of the anterior olfactory nucleus (AON) in a primate, Callithrix jacchus, was defined by its architecture and by its connection patterns with the main olfactory bulb (MOB) as revealed by tracing techniques. Focal, unilateral injections of wheat germ agglutinin-conjugated horseradish peroxidase into the MOB yielded ipsilaterally labelled afferent neurons in all subdivisions of the AON, with the exception of a clearly circumscribed area in the ventrolateral retrobulbar field of the basocaudal frontal lobe; in the contralateral hemisphere, this same area contained intensely stained neurons forming a horizontal flat plate of small neurons. This unique commissural connection pattern parallels the organization of the PE to MOB connection in sub-primates (Schoenfeld and Macrides, 1984, J. Comp. Neurol., 227: 121-135). Thus, despite earlier controversy (Crosby and Humphrey, 1939, J. Comp. Neurol., 71: 121-213), there appears to be a PE system in a microsmatic primate whose organization is quite similar to that in sub-primates.


Brain Res


Brain research


Reyher CK




Has Abstract


1988-08-02 00:00:00














  • Effects of training on saccadic eye movements elicited electrically from the frontal cortex of monkeys.

    abstract::It has been reported that training affects motor responses evoked electrically from the dorsomedial frontal cortex (DMFC). Once a monkey had been trained to generate visually-guided saccadic eye movements of a particular size and direction, electrical stimulation of the DMFC elicited saccades of only that size and dir...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tehovnik EJ,Slocum WM

    更新日期:2000-09-15 00:00:00

  • Effects of hypodynamia-hypokinesia on somatosensory evoked potentials in the rat.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine if a prolonged period (7 or 14 days) of hypodynamia-hypokinesia (HH) affects the conduction of afferent input and the cortical and spinal responsiveness. Acute recordings of cortical and spinal somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were performed after stimulation of the sciatic...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Canu MH,Langlet C,Dupont E,Falempin M

    更新日期:2003-07-18 00:00:00

  • Early cortical histogenesis in the primary olfactory cortex of the mouse.

    abstract::The primary olfactory cortex of mouse embryos varying in age from the 13th to the 15th day of gestation is investigated with the aid of several techniques: Nissl and Golgi preparations, autoradiography and electron microscopy. It is observed that the earliest cells to complete their migrations are diffusely scattered ...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Derer P,Caviness VS Jr,Sidman RL

    更新日期:1977-03-04 00:00:00

  • Conditional immortalization of neuronal cells from postmitotic cultures and adult CNS.

    abstract::To determine whether postmitotic neurons can be immortalized by oncogenic transduction, we used two approaches involving conditional expression of a temperature-sensitive SV40 large T antigen (Tts). Initially, Tts was introduced into E17 rat embryonal hippocampal cells that were then cultured at the non-permissive tem...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eves EM,Kwon J,Downen M,Tucker MS,Wainer BH,Rosner MR

    更新日期:1994-09-12 00:00:00

  • Combined therapy affects outcomes differentially after mild traumatic brain injury and secondary forebrain ischemia in rats.

    abstract::Muscarinic and NMDA receptors contribute to post-traumatic hypersensitivity to secondary ischemia. However, the effect of these receptor antagonists on behavior and CA1 neuronal death after traumatic brain injury (TBI) with acute (1 h after TBI) forebrain ischemia has not been systematically assessed. We examined cogn...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jenkins LW,Lu Y,Johnston WE,Lyeth BG,Prough DS

    更新日期:1999-01-30 00:00:00

  • Auditory compensation in myopic humans: involvement of binaural, monaural, or echo cues?

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to investigate the involvement of various auditory localization mechanisms in the improvement of auditory spatial sensitivity in the case of partial visual deprivation. We compared sensitivity to binaural, monaural, and echo cues between normal-sighted and myopic subjects. In an auditory t...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Després O,Candas V,Dufour A

    更新日期:2005-04-11 00:00:00

  • Stimulatory action of oxytocin on neurones of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve.

    abstract::Extracellular recordings were obtained from spontaneously active neurones located in the dorsal motor nucleus of vagus nerve ( DMX ) in slices of the rat brainstem. Oxytocin applied to the bath at concentrations of 10(-7) M or 10(-6) M excited 79% of these cells in a concentration-dependent, reversible manner. The rem...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Charpak S,Armstrong WE,Mühlethaler M,Dreifuss JJ

    更新日期:1984-05-21 00:00:00

  • Salience, emotion, and attention: the neural networks underlying tinnitus distress revealed using music and rest.

    abstract::In the present study, we used an innovative music-rest interleaved fMRI paradigm to investigate the neural correlates of tinnitus distress. Tinnitus is a poorly-understood hearing disorder where individuals perceive sounds, in the absence of an external source. Although the great majority of individuals habituate to c...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shahsavarani S,Schmidt SA,Khan RA,Tai Y,Husain FT

    更新日期:2021-01-07 00:00:00

  • The fine structural localization of glutamate decarboxylase in developing axonal processes and presynaptic terminals of rodent cerebellum.

    abstract::The immunocytochemical localization of L-glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), the enzyme which which forms gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), has been studied in developing rodent cerebellum. During the first 3-4 postnatal days, GAD is distributed along non-terminal portions of axonal processes in close association with small ...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLaughlin BJ,Wood JG,Saito K,Roberts E,Wu JY

    更新日期:1975-03-07 00:00:00

  • The effects of monoamine uptake inhibitors and methamphetamine on neostriatal 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) formation, short-term monoamine depletions and locomotor activity in the rat.

    abstract::Monoamine uptake inhibitors block the neurotoxic effects of methamphetamine (MA) upon dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the rat. The neurotoxic effects of MA upon dopaminergic neurons have previously been suggested to be mediated via formation of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) from endogenous stores of dopamine (DA...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marek GJ,Vosmer G,Seiden LS

    更新日期:1990-05-14 00:00:00

  • Developmental immunohistochemistry of bifunctional protein in human brain.

    abstract::Immunohistochemical studies of a peroxisomal enzyme, bifunctional protein, were performed on human brains (occipital cortex, cerebellum, pons) from fetus to young adult. Bifunctional protein-positive neurons appeared at 23-25 weeks of gestation in the facial nuclei of pons, at 27-28 weeks in the occipital cortex and P...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Imamura A,Kamei A,Suzuki Y,Orii T,Takashima S

    更新日期:1994-03-21 00:00:00

  • Release of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids from the locus coeruleus of conscious rats by cardiovascular stimuli and various forms of acute stress.

    abstract::The release of amino acids in the locus coeruleus (LC) of conscious, freely moving rats was studied in time periods of 3 min by use of push-pull superfusion under basal conditions and during application of various experimental stimuli known to influence the activity of the LC-noradrenergic system. Tail pinch for 3 min...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singewald N,Zhou GY,Schneider C

    更新日期:1995-12-15 00:00:00

  • Long-term potentiation in slices from subcortically deafferented hippocampi.

    abstract::Long-term potentiation (LTP) can be initiated in CA1, but not in the dentate, region of slices from rats with bilateral subcortical deafferentation at 8 week survival time. At about one week survival time, LTP is present in the CA1 region of all and also in the dentate of about 50% of slices. The results suggest that ...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Czéh G,Horváth Z,Czopf J

    更新日期:1990-06-04 00:00:00

  • Characterization of the binding of [3H]CGP54626 to GABAB receptors in the male bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana).

    abstract::Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain. GABA activates both ionotropic (GABA(A)) and metabotropic (GABA(B)) receptors in mammals. Whether non-mammalian vertebrates possess receptors with similar characteristics is not well understood. We used a mammalian GABA(B)-...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Asay MJ,Boyd SK

    更新日期:2006-06-13 00:00:00

  • Effects of an amyloid-beta 1-42 oligomers antibody screened from a phage display library in APP/PS1 transgenic mice.

    abstract::We screened anti-Aβ1-42 antibodies from a human Alzheimer's disease (AD) specific single chain variable fragment (scFv) phage display library and assessed their effects in APP/PS1 transgenic mice. Reverse transcription-PCR was used to construct the scFv phage display library, and screening identified 11A5 as an anti-A...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang J,Li N,Ma J,Gu Z,Yu L,Fu X,Liu X,Wang J

    更新日期:2016-03-15 00:00:00

  • Synergistic analgesic interactions between the periaqueductal gray and the locus coeruleus.

    abstract::Opiates modulate pain perception at a number of different levels within the central nervous system and the importance of synergistic spinal and supraspinal influences have been well documented. In the present study we demonstrate synergistic interactions between the periaqueductal gray and locus coeruleus. Administere...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bodnar R,Paul D,Pasternak GW

    更新日期:1991-09-06 00:00:00

  • Effect of small changes in temperature on CA1 pyramidal cells from rat hippocampal slices during hypoxia: implications about the mechanism of hypothermic protection against neuronal damage.

    abstract::Small reductions in temperature have been shown to improve neurologic recovery after ischemia. We have examined the effect of temperature on biochemical and physiological changes during hypoxia using rat hippocampal slices as a model system. The postsynaptic population spike recorded from the CA1 pyramidal cell region...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Amorim P,Cottrell JE,Kass IS

    更新日期:1999-10-09 00:00:00

  • Kinetic analysis of L-carnitine uptake by the choroid plexus.

    abstract::Choroid plexuses from the lateral (LVCP) and fourth ventricles (FVCP) of rats or rabbits were incubated in artificial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) containing 1 microM [14C]L-carnitine with various concentrations of L-carnitine ranging from 0.01 mM to 1.0 mM. The time course of 1 microM [14C]L-carnitine uptake by the chor...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim CS,Roe CR

    更新日期:1991-07-19 00:00:00

  • Ethanol and nerve growth factor effects on calcium homeostasis in cultured embryonic rat medial septal neurons before and during depolarization.

    abstract::Ethanol and nerve growth factor (NGF) affect the survival of cholinergic neurons in the rat medial septum. To investigate whether calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis in these neurons is affected by ethanol or NGF treatment, changes in intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were studied in embryonic (E21) cultured medi...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Webb B,Suarez SS,Heaton MB,Walker DW

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Brain tyrosine availability and the depression of central nervous norepinephrine turnover in acute and chronic starvation in adult male rats.

    abstract::Norepinephrine (NE) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MOPEG) were determined in medio-basal hypothalamus of adult male rats using high-performance liquid chromatography to study nutritional modulation of noradrenergic turnover. Acute starvation, as well as 3 weeks of semistarvation with a low-protein high-carbohydr...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schweiger U,Warnhoff M,Pirke KM

    更新日期:1985-06-03 00:00:00

  • Calbindin-like immunoreactivity in two peripheral chemosensory tissues of the rat: taste buds and the vomeronasal organ.

    abstract::In the rat, calbindin-like immunoreactivity was observed at both the light and electron microscopic levels within the chemoreceptor neurons of the vomeronasal organ (VNO) and both intragemmal cells and associated nerve fibers of the circumvallate taste buds. All VNO neurons were immunoreactive. Only a subset of intrag...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson EW,Eller PM,Jafek BW,Norman AW

    更新日期:1992-02-14 00:00:00

  • Modification of the projection from the sensory cortex to the motor cortex following the elimination of thalamic projections to the motor cortex in cats.

    abstract::Examination of the projection from area 2 of the sensory cortex to the motor cortex revealed substantial changes following lesion of the ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus. These observed changes were as follows. (1) The polarity of the evoked potentials elicited by area 2 stimulation reversed in the depth of the m...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Asanuma H,Kosar E,Tsukahara N,Robinson H

    更新日期:1985-10-14 00:00:00

  • Ganglioside-mediated enhancement of the cytoskeletal organization and activity in neuro-2a neuroblastoma cells.

    abstract::Our previous studies have demonstrated that a mixture of bovine brain gangliosides ( BBG ) applied to Neuro-2a neuroblastoma cells markedly increased the degree and rate of neurite formation. In the present study, the cytoskeletal basis for BBG -mediated neurite outgrowth was investigated by comparing cells grown in t...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spero DA,Roisen FJ

    更新日期:1984-03-01 00:00:00

  • Organization of the lamprey striatum - transmitters and projections.

    abstract::The purpose of the present study is to characterize the striatum of the lamprey by immunohistochemical and tracing techniques. Cells immunoreactive for GABA and substance P (SP), and positive for acetylcholinesterase, are present in the lamprey striatum. Immunoreactive (ir) fibers were detected by antisera raised agai...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pombal MA,El Manira A,Grillner S

    更新日期:1997-08-22 00:00:00

  • Tyrosine phosphorylation of the NR2B subunit of the NMDA receptor in the spinal cord contributes to chronic visceral pain in rats.

    abstract::The roles of spinal N-methyl-d-aspartic acid receptor 2B (NR2B) subunit in central sensitization of chronic visceral pain were investigated. A rat model with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) was established by colorectal distention (CRD) on post-natal days 8-14. Responses of the external oblique muscle of the abdomen to...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luo XQ,Cai QY,Chen Y,Guo LX,Chen AQ,Wu ZQ,Lin C

    更新日期:2014-01-13 00:00:00

  • Remote astrocytic response of prefrontal cortex is caused by the lesions in the nucleus basalis of Meynert, but not in the ventral tegmental area.

    abstract::The nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM) was lesioned by injection of ibotenic acid, in 200 g male Wistar rats. The rats were killed 1, 3, 7 or 21 days after surgery, the brains were removed and the prefrontal cortices were subjected to immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis for the expression of glial fibrillary a...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anezaki T,Yanagisawa K,Takahashi H,Nakajima T,Miyashita K,Ishikawa A,Ikuta F,Miyatake T

    更新日期:1992-03-06 00:00:00

  • Differential distribution of the alternative forms of the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase, SERCA2b and SERCA2a, in the avian brain.

    abstract::Cellular distribution of the two forms of SERCA2 was examined in adult chicken brain. Four regions of the brain were analyzed with three immunological reagents: a monoclonal antibody that recognizes both forms of SERCA2, and two antisera which are specific for the two alternative forms, SERCA2b or SERCA2a. Cerebellar ...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell AM,Wuytack F,Fambrough DM

    更新日期:1993-03-05 00:00:00

  • Beta-alanine uptake is not a marker for brain astroglia in culture.

    abstract::The properties of the beta amino acid transport system were examined in cultivated rat brain astrocytes, using the specific probe, beta-alanine. The uptake of beta-alanine is thought to be glial specific. Beta-alanine was not actively transported and the intracellular accumulation was not altered by coincubation with ...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cummins CJ,Glover RA,Sellinger OZ

    更新日期:1982-05-06 00:00:00

  • Unconscious contextual memory affects early responses in the anterior temporal lobe.

    abstract::Memory and perception are two tightly interrelated cognitive processes, but the neural level of their interaction remains a matter of debate. Proponents of a late interaction emphasize feedback memory effects on visual processing, whereas others suggest that feed forward processing is affected by memory. In the visual...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chaumon M,Hasboun D,Baulac M,Adam C,Tallon-Baudry C

    更新日期:2009-08-18 00:00:00

  • Postsynaptic blockade of inhibitory postsynaptic currents by plasmin in CA1 pyramidal cells of rat hippocampus.

    abstract::We have shown previously that plasmin facilitated the generation of long-term potentiation (LTP) in CA1 and dentate region of rat hippocampus. In the present study, we investigated the effects of plasmin on postsynaptic currents in CA1 pyramidal neurons of rat hippocampal slices. Plasmin (100 nM) had no effect on NMDA...

    journal_title:Brain research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mizutani A,Tanaka T,Saito H,Matsuki N

    更新日期:1997-06-27 00:00:00