Herpes simplex virus immediate-early protein ICP22 is required for viral modification of host RNA polymerase II and establishment of the normal viral transcription program.

Abstract:

:Infection of cells with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) results in a rapid alteration of phosphorylation on the large subunit of cellular RNA polymerase II (RNAP II), most likely on its C-terminal domain (S. A. Rice, M. C. Long, V. Lam, C. A. Spencer, J. Virol. 68:988-1001, 1994). This phosphorylation modification generates a novel form of the large subunit which we have designed IIi. In this study, we examine roles that HSV-1 gene products play in this process. An HSV-1 mutant defective in the immediate-early transcriptional activator protein ICP4 is able to efficiently induce IIi. Viruses having mutations in the genes for the ICP0, ICP6, or ICP27 proteins are also competent for IIi formation. In contrast, 22/n199, an HSV-1 mutant which contains a nonsense mutation in the gene encoding the immediate-early protein ICP22, is significantly deficient in IIi induction. This effect is seen in Vero cells, where 22/n199 grows relatively efficiently, and in human embryonic lung (HEL) cells, where 22/n199 growth in more restricted. RNAP II is recruited into viral replication compartments in 22/n199-infected cells, indicating that altered phosphorylation of RNAP II is not a prerequisite for nuclear relocalization of RNAP II. In addition, we show by nuclear run-on transcription analysis that viral gene transcription is deficient in HEL cells infected with 22/n199. Viral late gene transcription does not occur efficiently, and antisense transcription throughout the genome is diminished compared with that of the wild-type HSV-1 infection. These transcriptional effects cannot be explained by differences in viral DNA replication, since 22/n199 replicates its DNA efficiently in HEL cells. Our results demonstrated that ICP22 is necessary for virus-induced aberrant phosphorylation of RNAP II and for normal patterns of viral gene transcription in certain cell lines.

journal_name

J Virol

journal_title

Journal of virology

authors

Rice SA,Long MC,Lam V,Schaffer PA,Spencer CA

doi

10.1128/JVI.69.9.5550-5559.1995

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-09-01 00:00:00

pages

5550-9

issue

9

eissn

0022-538X

issn

1098-5514

journal_volume

69

pub_type

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