A study of the supraorbital nerve.


:A detailed description of the anatomical relationships of the supraorbital nerve as it courses across the forehead and under the scalp cannot be found in most anatomy textbooks, and illustrations of the nerve beyond the superior orbital rim frequently misrepresent its course. Because the supraorbital nerve is a structure at risk in many plastic surgical techniques, the plastic surgeon would benefit from a clearer understanding of its anatomy and function. The supraorbital nerve was studied anatomically in 12 (24 half-head) fresh cadaver specimens, and its sensory distribution was studied in 30 living subjects using selective nerve blocks. Beyond the orbital rim, the supraorbital nerve has two consistently present divisions: (1) a superficial (medial) division that passes over the frontalis muscle, providing sensory supply to the forehead skin and only to the anterior margin of the scalp in 90 percent of the study subjects; and (2) a deep (lateral) division that runs cephalad across the lateral forehead between the galea aponeurotica and the pericranium as the sensory nerve to the frontoparietal scalp. When a forehead lift is performed, injury to this deep division causes most of the distressful sequelae of scalp numbness and paresthesia. Unlike the superficial division, the course of the deep division in all cadaver specimens and its sensory distribution in all living volunteer subjects was consistent. This study has application for any procedure requiring scalp or forehead incisions, such as the forehead lift and the endoscopic facial techniques.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


Plast Reconstr Surg


Knize DM




Has Abstract


1995-09-01 00:00:00












  • Standardization in photography for body contour surgery and suction-assisted lipectomy.

    abstract::Despite the existence of basic clinical standards in plastic surgery, specific guidelines for body contour photography have not been detailed previously. In this report we propose standard and supplemental views for positioning of the subject for suction-assisted lipectomy and body contour surgery. Also demonstrated a...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gherardini G,Matarasso A,Serure AS,Toledo LS,DiBernardo BE

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • Inframammary fold: a histologic reappraisal.

    abstract::The inframammary fold is a defining element in the shape and structure of the female breast. It should be preserved whenever possible in ablative procedures and recreated accurately when the breast is reconstructed after mastectomy. To date, no accurate anatomic description of this essential structure exists. Previous...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muntan CD,Sundine MJ,Rink RD,Acland RD

    更新日期:2000-02-01 00:00:00

  • Laser deepithelialization: an adjunct to reduction mammaplasty.

    abstract::A new use is described for the CO2 laser--that of deepithelialization. Deepithelialization is a technique used in a myriad of plastic surgical procedures. This paper introduces the use of the laser for deepithelialization and illustrates its advantages in 44 consecutive patients undergoing reduction mammaplasty. Advan...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Becker DW Jr,Bunn JC

    更新日期:1987-05-01 00:00:00

  • Augmentation Gluteoplasty: A Brazilian Perspective.

    abstract::According to recent data, augmentation gluteoplasty continues to gain popularity in the United States and globally, especially in procedures involving fat grafts. However, serious concerns about its safety have been raised over the past 2 years. Will this trend continue or has it already reached its peak? The answer d...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

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    authors: Rosique RG,Rosique MJF

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Polydioxanone Threads for Facial Rejuvenation: Analysis of Quality Variation in the Market.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Beside botulinum-toxin injections and hyaluronic acid fillers, thread lifts have established themselves as the third column of minimally invasive facial rejuvenation. Most commonly, barbed threads for this approach are made out of polydioxanone, a material known for decades from application in resorbable sut...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

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    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Previous work on critical ischemia time suggested (1) a greater susceptibility of myocutaneous flaps over skin flaps to the ischemia reperfusion injury and (2) that duration of ischemia may affect the survival area of a flap. Using a pig model, 55 animals were operated on and the critical ischemia times and survival p...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1990-10-01 00:00:00

  • Basal cell carcinoma in the groin of a black patient with femoral vessel invasion and a second primary malignancy.

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    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beckenstein MS,Windle BH

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Pearls and perils of caring for the postbariatric body contouring patient.

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    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shermak MA

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Silicone Implant Illness: Science versus Myth?

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rohrich RJ,Kaplan J,Dayan E

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of chemotherapy and radiation therapy on the remodeling of acellular dermal matrices in staged, prosthetic breast reconstruction.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Myckatyn TM,Cavallo JA,Sharma K,Gangopadhyay N,Dudas JR,Roma AA,Baalman S,Tenenbaum MM,Matthews BD,Deeken CR

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • The measure of face-lift patient satisfaction: the Owsley Facelift Satisfaction Survey with a long-term follow-up study.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Friel MT,Shaw RE,Trovato MJ,Owsley JQ

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  • Age-Related Differences in Psychosocial Function of Children with Craniofacial Anomalies.

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    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Volpicelli EJ,Pfaff MJ,Hakimi K,Bradley JP,Solem RC,Lee JC

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  • Lamellar split osteotomy: a new craniofacial technique.

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    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salyer KE,Hall CD,Joganic EF

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • Shaped versus Round Implants in Breast Reconstruction: A Multi-Institutional Comparison of Surgical and Patient-Reported Outcomes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Since the 2012 approval of shaped implants, their use in breast reconstruction has increased in the United States. However, large-scale comparisons of complications and patient-reported outcomes are lacking. The authors endeavored to compare surgical and patient-reported outcomes across implant types. METHO...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Khavanin N,Clemens MW,Pusic AL,Fine NA,Hamill JB,Kim HM,Qi J,Wilkins EG,Kim JYS

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Systems-based practice: education in plastic surgery.

    abstract::The current Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education guidelines separate residents' education into six core competencies or subjects. The authors address the least intuitive of these, systems-based practice. In systems-based practice, educators and residents must demonstrate an awareness of and responsiven...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

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    authors: Davison SP,Cadavid JD,Spear SL

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanger JR,Ye Z,Yousif NJ,Matloub HS

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cost analysis of conventional face reconstruction versus face transplantation for large tissue defects.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Large facial tissue defects are traditionally treated with staged conventional reconstruction. Facial allograft transplantation has emerged as a treatment modality. Facial allografts are procured from a dead donor and transplanted to the recipient. Recipients are then subjected to lifelong global immunosuppr...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nguyen LL,Naunheim MR,Hevelone ND,Diaz-Siso JR,Hogan JP,Bueno EM,Caterson EJ,Pomahac B

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Holoprosencephaly and midline facial anomalies: redefining classification and management.

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    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elias DL,Kawamoto HK Jr,Wilson LF

    更新日期:1992-12-01 00:00:00

  • Microsurgical replantation of the lip: a multi-institutional experience.

    abstract::Traumatic amputation of the lip is a rare yet devastating event affecting both form and function. Considering the available methods for reconstruction, replantation may offer a reasonable solution. We sought to characterize the variables associated with lip replantation and to assess the outcome in a retrospective rev...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walton RL,Beahm EK,Brown RE,Upton J,Reinke K,Fudem G,Banis J,Davidson J,Dabb R,Kalimuthu R,Kitzmiller WJ,Gottlieb LJ,Buncke HJ

    更新日期:1998-08-01 00:00:00

  • Skeletal stability and relapse patterns after Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy fixed with miniplates: the unilateral cleft lip and palate deformity.

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    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

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    authors: Posnick JC,Dagys AP

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Three- and four-dimensional computed tomography angiographic studies of commonly used abdominal flaps in breast reconstruction.

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    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong C,Saint-Cyr M,Arbique G,Becker S,Brown S,Myers S,Rohrich RJ

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Guiding local perforator flaps with preoperative imaging: revealing perforator anatomy to improve flap design.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Perforator flap nomenclature continues to evolve, with many classification schemes reported. Each of them focuses on the fascial penetration pattern of perforators, which has no impact on flap perfusion. With the advent of advanced imaging technologies, the subcutaneous course of perforators can be highlight...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

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    authors: Rozen WM,Paddle AM,Chubb D,Wilson J,Grinsell D,Ashton MW

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Autoderm: an alternative bioprosthetic for breast reconstruction.

    abstract::The widespread use of bioprosthetic mesh in breast reconstruction has revealed an increased risk of seroma and infection, and a high financial cost. This study introduces a technique that mitigates these shortcomings using an autologous dermal graft (Autoderm). Indications, operative technique, and 1-year outcomes are...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Selber JC,Clemens MW,Oates S,Baumann DP

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Antithrombotic Therapies in Digit Replantation with Papaverine Administration: A Prospective, Observational Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The primary objective of this study was to investigate whether the application of antithrombotic therapies affects the success rate of digit replantation. METHODS:A total 477 digits of 319 patients who received dextran with low-molecular-weight heparin, dextran with prostaglandin E1, or no antithrombotic th...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu H,Zhu X,Zheng X

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Laser, scalpel, electrosurgical, and tangential excisions of third degree burns. A preliminary report.

    abstract::Our clinical experience with laser, electrosurgical, scalpel, and tangential burn wound excisions in 26 patients is presented. ...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levine NS,Peterson HD,Salisbury RE,Pruitt BA Jr

    更新日期:1975-09-01 00:00:00

  • Aesthetic and oncologic outcome after microsurgical reconstruction of complex scalp and forehead defects after malignant tumor resection: an algorithm for treatment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Limited follow-up data on aesthetic outcome and survival after microsurgical reconstruction of complex scalp and forehead defects are available. These data are important to improve reconstruction quality and patient counseling. The purpose of this study was to evaluate surgical, aesthetic, and oncologic outc...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Driel AA,Mureau MAM,Goldstein DP,Gilbert RW,Irish JC,Gullane PJ,Neligan PC,Hofer SOP

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Rehabilitation of the replanted upper extremity.

    abstract::A concise protocol for the rehabilitation of the upper extremity after replantation is presented with special emphasis in the early mobilization of the hand. ...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Papanastasiou S

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Metabolic and contractile responses of fast and slow twitch rat skeletal muscles to ischemia and reperfusion.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to investigate the significance of fiber type and the effects of the duration of ischemia on metabolic and contractile function of skeletal muscle. Under anesthesia, the distal tendons of the fast twitch extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and slow twitch soleus (SOL) muscles of the right hin...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carvalho AJ,McKee NH,Green HJ

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pigmented villonodular synovitis of the temporomandibular joint. Case Report.

    abstract::Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a lesion containing giant cells and, because of its tendency to recur, it is easily confused with a malignant process. However, careful review of the histological material will reveal that there is no nuclear atypism or mitotic figures. Also, there have been no reports attributing m...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miyamoto Y,Tani T,Hamaya K

    更新日期:1977-02-01 00:00:00

  • Preoperative imaging for DIEA perforator flaps: a comparative study of computed tomographic angiography and Doppler ultrasound.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Abdominal donor-site flaps, including the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) and deep inferior epigastric artery (DIEA) perforator flaps, are standard in autologous breast reconstruction. With significant variation in the vascular anatomy of the abdominal wall, preoperative imaging is essent...

    journal_title:Plastic and reconstructive surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rozen WM,Phillips TJ,Ashton MW,Stella DL,Gibson RN,Taylor GI

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00