Echocardiographic-morphologic correlations in tricuspid atresia.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:Our aim was to clarify the anatomic substrate in hearts diagnosed as having tricuspid atresia by studying autopsy specimens and comparing the findings with those in two-dimensional echocardiograms. BACKGROUND:Traditionally, tricuspid atresia was thought, and is still believed by some, to be due to an imperforate valvular membrane interposed between the floor of the blind-ending right atrium and the hypoplastic right ventricle. Others argued that the dimple, when present, pointed to the outflow tract of the left ventricle rather than to the right ventricle, making the lesion more akin to double-inlet left ventricle. METHODS:We examined 39 autopsy specimens catalogued as having tricuspid atresia. We then studied 24 two-dimensional echocardiograms from patients with a primary diagnosis of tricuspid atresia. RESULTS:Of the 39 specimens, 37 had a completely muscular floor to the right atrium (absent right atrioventricular [AV] connection). The dimple, when identified, was (except in one case) directed to the left ventricular outflow tract. Only two hearts had an imperforate tricuspid valve. Two-dimensional echocardiograms in all cases showed an echo-dense band, produced by the fibrofatty tissue of the AV groove and representing absence of the right AV connection, between the muscular floor of the morphologically right atrium and the ventricular mass. CONCLUSIONS:Tricuspid atresia is usually, but not always, due to morphologic absence of one AV connection. In most cases, the ventricular mass then comprises a dominant left ventricle together with a rudimentary and incomplete right ventricle.

journal_name

J Am Coll Cardiol

authors

Orie JD,Anderson C,Ettedgui JA,Zuberbuhler JR,Anderson RH

doi

10.1016/0735-1097(95)00250-8

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-09-01 00:00:00

pages

750-8

issue

3

eissn

0735-1097

issn

1558-3597

pii

0735-1097(95)00250-8

journal_volume

26

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Characterizing the young patient with aortic dissection: results from the International Registry of Aortic Dissection (IRAD).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The goal of this study was to better characterize the young patient with aortic dissection (AoD). BACKGROUND:Aortic dissection is unusual in young patients, and frequently associated with unusual presentations. METHODS:Data were collected on 951 patients diagnosed with AoD between January 1996 and November...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2003.08.054

    authors: Januzzi JL,Isselbacher EM,Fattori R,Cooper JV,Smith DE,Fang J,Eagle KA,Mehta RH,Nienaber CA,Pape LA,International Registry of Aortic Dissection (IRAD).

    更新日期:2004-02-18 00:00:00

  • Prognostic significance of transient ischemic episodes: response to treatment shows improved prognosis. Results of the Total Ischemic Burden Bisoprolol Study (TIBBs) follow-up.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The Total Ischemic Burden Bisoprolol Study (TIBBS) follow-up examined cardiac event rates in relation to transient ischemia and its treatment. BACKGROUND:It is unclear whether transient ischemia on the ambulatory electrocardiogram has prognostic implications in stable angina and whether medical treatment ca...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/0735-1097(96)00122-2

    authors: Von Arnim T

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • Relation between volume of exercise and clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study determined whether greater volumes of exercise were associated with greater reductions in clinical events. BACKGROUND:The HF-ACTION (Heart Failure: A Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise Training) trial showed that among patients with heart failure (HF), regular exercise confers a ...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2012.08.958

    authors: Keteyian SJ,Leifer ES,Houston-Miller N,Kraus WE,Brawner CA,O'Connor CM,Whellan DJ,Cooper LS,Fleg JL,Kitzman DW,Cohen-Solal A,Blumenthal JA,Rendall DS,Piña IL,HF-ACTION Investigators.

    更新日期:2012-11-06 00:00:00

  • Pacing as a Treatment for Reflex-Mediated (Vasovagal, Situational, or Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity) Syncope: A Systematic Review for the 2017 ACC/AHA/HRS Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Patients With Syncope: A Report of the American Coll

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine, using systematic review of the biomedical literature, whether pacing reduces risk of recurrent syncope and relevant clinical outcomes among adult patients with reflex-mediated syncope. METHODS:MEDLINE (through PubMed), EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (through Oct...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2017.03.004

    authors: Varosy PD,Chen LY,Miller AL,Noseworthy PA,Slotwiner DJ,Thiruganasambandamoorthy V

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Syncope in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: multivariate analysis of prognostic determinants.

    abstract::Twenty-nine consecutive patients with symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and a mean age of 44.8 +/- 12.2 years (range 21 to 63) underwent complex invasive and noninvasive testing to identify a risk profile for syncope. Clinical, morphologic, electrophysiologic and hemodynamic variables at rest and at a symptom-li...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0735-1097(90)90222-b

    authors: Nienaber CA,Hiller S,Spielmann RP,Geiger M,Kuck KH

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of correction of mild anemia in severe, resistant congestive heart failure using subcutaneous erythropoietin and intravenous iron: a randomized controlled study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This is a randomized controlled study of anemic patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF) to assess the effect of correction of the anemia on cardiac and renal function and hospitalization. BACKGROUND:Although mild anemia occurs frequently in patients with CHF, there is very little information abo...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/s0735-1097(01)01248-7

    authors: Silverberg DS,Wexler D,Sheps D,Blum M,Keren G,Baruch R,Schwartz D,Yachnin T,Steinbruch S,Shapira I,Laniado S,Iaina A

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in plaque lipid content after short-term intensive versus standard statin therapy: the YELLOW trial (reduction in yellow plaque by aggressive lipid-lowering therapy).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to determine the impact of short-term intensive statin therapy on intracoronary plaque lipid content. BACKGROUND:Statin therapy significantly reduces the risk for thrombotic events. Whether or not these benefits are attributable to reduction in plaque lipid content remains to be properly d...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2013.03.058

    authors: Kini AS,Baber U,Kovacic JC,Limaye A,Ali ZA,Sweeny J,Maehara A,Mehran R,Dangas G,Mintz GS,Fuster V,Narula J,Sharma SK,Moreno PR

    更新日期:2013-07-02 00:00:00

  • Vascular complications associated with arteriotomy closure devices in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary procedures: a meta-analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study was designed to assess the safety of arteriotomy closure devices (ACDs) versus mechanical compression by meta-analysis in patients undergoing percutaneous transfemoral coronary procedures. BACKGROUND:Although ACDs are widely applied for hemostasis after percutaneous endovascular procedures, their...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2004.06.048

    authors: Nikolsky E,Mehran R,Halkin A,Aymong ED,Mintz GS,Lasic Z,Negoita M,Fahy M,Krieger S,Moussa I,Moses JW,Stone GW,Leon MB,Pocock SJ,Dangas G

    更新日期:2004-09-15 00:00:00

  • Randomized trial of cardiac resynchronization in mildly symptomatic heart failure patients and in asymptomatic patients with left ventricular dysfunction and previous heart failure symptoms.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II heart failure (HF) and NYHA functional class I (American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association stage C) patients with previous HF symptoms. BACKGROUND:Cardiac res...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.08.027

    authors: Linde C,Abraham WT,Gold MR,St John Sutton M,Ghio S,Daubert C,REVERSE (REsynchronization reVErses Remodeling in Systolic left vEntricular dysfunction) Study Group.

    更新日期:2008-12-02 00:00:00

  • Quality of care of and outcomes for African Americans hospitalized with heart failure: findings from the OPTIMIZE-HF (Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure) registry.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to examine the characteristics, quality of care, and clinical outcomes for a large cohort of African-American patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) in centers participating in a quality improvement initiative. BACKGROUND:Heart failure in African Americans is characterized by variations in ...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.01.028

    authors: Yancy CW,Abraham WT,Albert NM,Clare R,Stough WG,Gheorghiade M,Greenberg BH,O'Connor CM,She L,Sun JL,Young JB,Fonarow GC

    更新日期:2008-04-29 00:00:00

  • An accurate, nontraumatic ultrasonic method to monitor myocardial wall thickening in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

    abstract::Measurement of systolic wall thickening by sonomicrometry provides an accurate index of regional left ventricular function, but the trauma of crystal insertion limits its widespread clinical use. The first clinical application of a 10 MHz ultrasonic Doppler probe that can be either sutured or applied by suction to the...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0735-1097(90)90240-p

    authors: Bolli R,Hartley CJ,Chelly JE,Patel BS,Rabinovitz RS,Jeroudi MO,Roberts R,Noon G

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00

  • Lack of impact of early catheterization and fibrin specificity on bleeding complications after thrombolytic therapy. The TAMI Study Group.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to assess the hemorrhagic risk associated with fibrin-specific thrombolytic therapy and invasive procedures with acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND:Successful coronary artery reperfusion has important prognostic implications. Because immediate coronary angiography is the only ...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/0735-1097(93)90090-n

    authors: Wall TC,Califf RM,Ellis SG,Sigmon K,Kereiakes D,George BS,Samaha J,Sane D,Stump DC,Stack RS

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • High telomerase activity in neutrophils from unstable coronary plaques.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated telomerase activity in circulating polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) and in PMN isolated from coronary atherosclerotic plaques by a novel approach. BACKGROUND:Delayed apoptosis of PMN have been demonstrated in unstable angina (UA). These cells have a finite lifespan with low telomerase activi...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2007.08.048

    authors: Narducci ML,Grasselli A,Biasucci LM,Farsetti A,Mulè A,Liuzzo G,La Torre G,Niccoli G,Mongiardo R,Pontecorvi A,Crea F

    更新日期:2007-12-18 00:00:00

  • Impact of delay to angioplasty in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing invasive management: analysis from the ACUITY (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategY) trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to determine the impact of delay to angioplasty in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). BACKGROUND:There is a paucity of data on the impact of delays to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) u...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2009.11.063

    authors: Sorajja P,Gersh BJ,Cox DA,McLaughlin MG,Zimetbaum P,Costantini C,Stuckey T,Tcheng JE,Mehran R,Lansky AJ,Grines CL,Stone GW

    更新日期:2010-04-06 00:00:00

  • Balloon expandable stent implantation in stenotic right heart valved conduits.

    abstract::Although valved conduits have been used successfully in severe forms of right ventricular-pulmonary artery discontinuity, progressive valved conduit stenosis is an important clinical problem. To determine the feasibility of reducing right heart valved conduit stenosis with a balloon expandable stent, a baboon model wa...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0735-1097(90)90570-f

    authors: Almagor Y,Prevosti LG,Bartorelli AL,Keren G,Ferrans VJ,Jones M,Leon MB

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • Aspirin and clopidogrel drug response in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: the role of dual drug resistance.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:We evaluated the response to clopidogrel among aspirin-resistant versus aspirin-sensitive patients undergoing elective coronary stenting. Patients (n = 150) treated with aspirin but not clopidogrel had blood samples drawn at baseline and 24 h after clopidogrel loading. Depending on the definition used, 9% to...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2005.08.058

    authors: Lev EI,Patel RT,Maresh KJ,Guthikonda S,Granada J,DeLao T,Bray PF,Kleiman NS

    更新日期:2006-01-03 00:00:00

  • Expression profiling of cardiac genes in human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: insight into the pathogenesis of phenotypes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The goal of this study was to identify genes upregulated in the heart in human patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND:Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease caused by mutations in contractile sarcomeric proteins. The molecular basis of diverse clinical and pathologic phenotype...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0735-1097(01)01509-1

    authors: Lim DS,Roberts R,Marian AJ

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Oxidation-specific biomarkers, prospective 15-year cardiovascular and stroke outcomes, and net reclassification of cardiovascular events.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to assess the long-term predictive value and net reclassification for risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) of biomarkers reflecting oxidation-specific epitopes (OSEs). BACKGROUND:OSEs are immunogenic, proinflammatory, and proatherogenic. The long-term predictive value and net reclassificat...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2012.08.979

    authors: Tsimikas S,Willeit P,Willeit J,Santer P,Mayr M,Xu Q,Mayr A,Witztum JL,Kiechl S

    更新日期:2012-11-20 00:00:00

  • Relevant issues in the pathology and pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension.

    abstract::Knowledge of the pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension (PH) continues to accelerate. However, fundamental gaps remain in our understanding of the underlying pathological changes in pulmonary arteries and veins in the different forms of this syndrome. Although PH primarily affects the arteries, venous disease is incre...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2013.10.025

    authors: Tuder RM,Archer SL,Dorfmüller P,Erzurum SC,Guignabert C,Michelakis E,Rabinovitch M,Schermuly R,Stenmark KR,Morrell NW

    更新日期:2013-12-24 00:00:00

  • Mechanisms of fractionated electrograms formation in the posterior left atrium during paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in humans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this paper was to study mechanisms of formation of fractionated electrograms on the posterior left atrial wall (PLAW) in human paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND:The mechanisms responsible for complex fractionated atrial electrogram formation during AF are poorly understood. METHODS...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2010.09.066

    authors: Atienza F,Calvo D,Almendral J,Zlochiver S,Grzeda KR,Martínez-Alzamora N,González-Torrecilla E,Arenal A,Fernández-Avilés F,Berenfeld O

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Economics of elective coronary revascularization. Comparison of costs and charges for conventional angioplasty, directional atherectomy, stenting and bypass surgery.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study was designed to evaluate more closely the true in-hospital costs of elective revascularization by directional coronary atherectomy and intracoronary stenting and to compare these costs with those of the traditional revascularization alternatives (i.e., conventional balloon angioplasty and coronary...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0735-1097(93)90415-w

    authors: Cohen DJ,Breall JA,Ho KK,Weintraub RM,Kuntz RE,Weinstein MC,Baim DS

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of nesiritide and predictors of urine output in acute decompensated heart failure: results from ASCEND-HF (acute study of clinical effectiveness of nesiritide and decompensated heart failure).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to determine if nesiritide increases diuresis in congestive heart failure patients. BACKGROUND:In the ASCEND-HF (Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide and Decompensated Heart Failure), 7,141 patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) were randomized t...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2013.04.073

    authors: Gottlieb SS,Stebbins A,Voors AA,Hasselblad V,Ezekowitz JA,Califf RM,O'Connor CM,Starling RC,Hernandez AF

    更新日期:2013-09-24 00:00:00

  • Obesity is independently associated with coronary endothelial dysfunction in patients with normal or mildly diseased coronary arteries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study evaluates the impact of obesity on coronary endothelial function in patients with normal or mild coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND:The American Heart Association (AHA) has recently classified obesity as a modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease. METHODS:A total of 397 consecutive pat...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0735-1097(01)01212-8

    authors: Al Suwaidi J,Higano ST,Holmes DR Jr,Lennon R,Lerman A

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Coronary revascularization in the elderly patient.

    abstract::A total of 1,275 elderly patients (70 years and older) underwent coronary artery bypass alone from 1970 to 1981. The percent of elderly patients who underwent coronary bypass surgery alone increased from 2.04% in 1971 to 8.2% in 1981. Most of the patients had severe, disabling or unstable angina pectoris. The overall ...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0735-1097(84)80277-6

    authors: Elayda MA,Hall RJ,Gray AG,Mathur VS,Cooley DA

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term clinical outcome based on aspirin and clopidogrel responsiveness status after elective percutaneous coronary intervention: a 3T/2R (tailoring treatment with tirofiban in patients showing resistance to aspirin and/or resistance to clopidogrel) tr

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term outcome after elective percutaneous coronary intervention in low-risk patients screened for aspirin and/or clopidogrel responsiveness in the 3T/2R (Tailoring Treatment With Tirofiban in Patients Showing Resistance to Aspirin and/or Resistance to Clop...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2010.03.103

    authors: Campo G,Fileti L,de Cesare N,Meliga E,Furgieri A,Russo F,Colangelo S,Brugaletta S,Ferrari R,Valgimigli M,3T\/2R Investigators.

    更新日期:2010-10-26 00:00:00

  • Coronary vasodilator reserve: a clue to the explanation of (201)Tl redistribution patterns early after successful primary stenting for acute myocardial infarction.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to assess the mechanism and significance of different (201)Tl redistribution patterns after successful primary stenting following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND:The mechanism of (201)Tl reverse redistribution and the impact of different redistribution patterns on the recovery of con...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0735-1097(02)02041-7

    authors: Beygui F,Le Feuvre C,Maunoury C,Helft G,Metzger J

    更新日期:2002-09-04 00:00:00

  • Flow characteristics in the dilated left ventricle with thrombus: qualitative and quantitative Doppler analysis.

    abstract::In an attempt to determine whether mural thrombus in a dilated left ventricle is associated with specific flow patterns, a study was undertaken to assess qualitatively and quantitatively the flow characteristics by conventional pulsed and two-dimensional Doppler color flow examination. Forty patients with cardiomyopat...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0735-1097(89)90230-1

    authors: Maze SS,Kotler MN,Parry WR

    更新日期:1989-03-15 00:00:00

  • Left ventricular diastolic function in infants, children, and adolescents. Reference values and analysis of morphologic and physiologic determinants of echocardiographic Doppler flow signals during growth and maturation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to set up reference values for Doppler flow-derived left ventricular filling parameters and to evaluate physiologic determinants of changes in signal expression related to maturation. BACKGROUND:In left ventricular diastolic function studies, age-related modulations in signal expre...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0735-1097(98)00379-9

    authors: Schmitz L,Koch H,Bein G,Brockmeier K

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • Frequency of low-density lipoprotein receptor gene mutations in patients with a clinical diagnosis of familial combined hyperlipidemia in a clinical setting.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and apolipoprotein B (APOB) genes in consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) in a nonresearch setting. BACKGROUND:The lipid phenotype frequent...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.06.050

    authors: Civeira F,Jarauta E,Cenarro A,García-Otín AL,Tejedor D,Zambón D,Mallen M,Ros E,Pocoví M

    更新日期:2008-11-04 00:00:00

  • Sudden death in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators: the importance of post-shock electromechanical dissociation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms of sudden death (SD) in patients with ventricular tachyarrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation [VT/VF]) treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). BACKGROUND:Despite ICD therapy, some patients with VT/VF still...

    journal_title:Journal of the American College of Cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0735-1097(02)01784-9

    authors: Mitchell LB,Pineda EA,Titus JL,Bartosch PM,Benditt DG

    更新日期:2002-04-17 00:00:00