On the relationship between gingival biotypes and gingival thickness in young Caucasians.


OBJECTIVES:To evaluate a possible relationship between gingival biotypes and gingival thickness, papilla height and gingival width. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Thirty-six adult subjects were stratified by their gingival biotype (GB), as defined by transparency of a periodontal probe through the buccal gingival margin, into "thin" (18 subjects) and "thick" (18 subjects) GB. Out of these, extreme cases (6 "very thin", 6 "very thick") were identified. Four different parameters were assessed: gingival thickness (GT), papilla height (PH), probing depth (PD) and gingival width (GW). RESULTS:When comparing "thin" and "thick" GB, midfacial GT (0.40 ± 0.07 vs. 0.72 ± 0.11 mm; P < 0.0001), PH (3.76 ± 0.50 vs. 3.95 ± 0.41 mm, P = 0.02) and GW (3.01 ± 1.26 vs. 4.63 ± 0.86 mm, P = 0.04) were lower in the "thin" GB group. Further stratification into moderately and extremely "thin"/"thick" GB eliminated the differences between the moderate groups. CONCLUSION:Our data support the traditional hypothesis that two different gingival biotypes with concomitant properties distinguishable by gingival transparency exist. In addition, we provide evidence that an alternative classification into "very thick", "moderate" and "very thin" biotypes might be advantageous, because the unique properties were seemingly primarily driven by subjects with extreme values.


Clin Oral Implants Res


Fischer KR,Richter T,Kebschull M,Petersen N,Fickl S




Has Abstract


2015-08-01 00:00:00












  • Mandibular single-implant overdentures: a review with surgical and prosthodontic perspectives of a novel approach.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To review the literature on mandibular single-implant overdentures (opposing complete maxillary dentures), and present surgical and prosthodontic perspectives of a novel approach for this treatment option. MATERIAL AND METHODS:An electronic search through the databases of Pubmed, Embase and Medline using th...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Alsabeeha N,Payne AG,De Silva RK,Swain MV

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of human maxillary sinus volume on grafts dimensional changes used in maxillary sinus augmentation: a multislice tomographic study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To assess the influence of complete maxillary sinus volume on the dimensional changes of different grafts used in maxillary sinus lift. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Analysis of 50 surgical procedures of maxillary sinus lift performed on 43 subjects using different grafting materials: fresh frozen allogenic particulat...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Favato MN,Vidigal BC,Cosso MG,Manzi FR,Shibli JA,Zenóbio EG

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Early loading of single crowns supported by 6-mm-long implants with a moderately rough surface: a prospective 2-year follow-up cohort study.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate prospectively the clinical and radiographic outcomes after 2 years of loading of 6 mm long moderately rough implants supporting single crowns in the posterior regions. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Forty SLActive Straumann short (6 mm) implants were placed in 35 consecutively treated patients. Nineteen implants...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rossi F,Ricci E,Marchetti C,Lang NP,Botticelli D

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Early loading of mandibular full-arch bridges screw retained after 1 week to four to five Monotype® implants: 3-year results from a prospective multicentre study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This prospective multicentre study provides clinical experience up to 3 years to support a simplified treatment for mandibular edentulism within 1 week by using one-stage implant surgery and a screw-retained full-arch bridge. METHODS:Two hundred and fifty ITI Monotype® implants were installed in 62 patients...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arvidson K,Esselin O,Felle-Persson E,Jonsson G,Smedberg JI,Soderstrom U

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Immediate function on the day of surgery compared with a delayed implant loading process in the mandible: a randomized clinical trial over 5 years.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To appraise the feasibility of loading four implants with a pre-existing denture converted to a fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) on the day of implant surgery compared with waiting for 3- to 4-month healing. METHODS:Patients with an edentulous, fully healed mandible were recruited in a faculty clinic to partak...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jokstad A,Alkumru H

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Osseointegration of commercial microstructured titanium implants incorporating magnesium: a histomorphometric study in rabbit cancellous bone.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Recent studies have suggested that magnesium (Mg) ions exert a beneficial effect on implant osseointegration. This study assessed the osseointegration of nanoporous titanium (Ti) surface incorporating the Mg produced by hydrothermal treatment in rabbit cancellous bone to determine whether this surface would f...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park JW,An CH,Jeong SH,Suh JY

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Different sealing materials preventing the microbial leakage into the screw-retained implant restorations: an in vitro analysis by DNA checkerboard hybridization.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this controlled in vitro study was to identify and quantify up to 38 microbial species penetrating through the screw-retained implant prostheses with different sealing materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Sixty morse cone implants were restored with single-unit screw-retained prostheses. All the compo...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: do Nascimento C,Pita MS,Calefi PL,de Oliveira Silva TS,Dos Santos JB,Pedrazzi V

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Retracted: Histologic evaluation of new bone in post-extraction sockets induced by melatonin and apigenin: an experimental study in American fox hound dogs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of topical applications of melatonin and apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) on new bone formation in post-extraction sockets after 30, 60 and 90 days. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Six American fox hounds were used in the study, extracting mandibular premolars (P2, P...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Calvo-Guirado JL,López-López PJ,Domínguez MF,Gosálvez MM,Prados-Frutos JC,Gehrke SA

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Immediate vs. conventional loading of palatal implants in humans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To analyze the clinical performance and bone-to-implant contact (BIC) rate of two loading concepts on successfully healed and explanted palatal implants in humans. METHODS:From 2000 to 2006, two independent groups of patients, requiring maximum anchorage, were treated. Group 1 (n=36) was subjected to immedi...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Göllner P,Jung BA,Kunkel M,Liechti T,Wehrbein H

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Sinus augmentation analysis revised: the gradient of graft consolidation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Graft consolidation follows a gradient that reflects the properties of bone substitutes at sites of sinus augmentation. Here we present an analytical method to investigate the process of graft consolidation taking the distance from the maxillary host bone into account. MATERIAL AND METHODS:We therefore evalu...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Busenlechner D,Huber CD,Vasak C,Dobsak A,Gruber R,Watzek G

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • The current use of patient-centered/reported outcomes in implant dentistry: a systematic review.

    abstract:AIM:To provide an update on the use of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) in the field of implant dentistry (1); to compare PROMs for prostheses supported by one or more implants to alternative treatment options or a healthy dentition (2). MATERIALS AND METHODS:The dental literature was searched on PubMed until...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: De Bruyn H,Raes S,Matthys C,Cosyn J

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Bone level changes at axial- and non-axial-positioned implants supporting fixed partial dentures. A 5-year retrospective longitudinal study.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the potential influence of implant inclination on marginal bone loss at freestanding, implant-supported, fixed partial dentures (FPDs) over a 5-year period of functional loading. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The material comprised 38 periodontally treated, partially den...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koutouzis T,Wennström JL

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Strontium-incorporated titanium implant surface treated by hydrothermal reactions promotes early bone osseointegration in osteoporotic rabbits.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of strontium-modified implant surfaces on promoting early bone osseointegration in osteoporotic rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The surface topographies, chemical elements, contact angles and ionic releases of the SLA and SLA-Sr samples were analyse...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin G,Zhou C,Lin M,Xu A,He F

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemiology of peri-implantitis.

    abstract:AIM:To review the literature on the prevalence and incidence of peri-implantitis. METHODS:Out of 322 potentially relevant publications we identified 29 articles concerning 23 studies, with information on the presence of signs of peri-implantitis in populations of at least 20 cases. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:All studies...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mombelli A,Müller N,Cionca N

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of a one-piece ceramic implant used for single-tooth replacement and three-unit fixed partial dentures: a prospective cohort clinical trial.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this clinical trial was to evaluate the safety and efficiency of a one-piece zirconia oral implant after 1 year of function. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Two centers included 60 subjects in need of implant-supported single-tooth restorations or three-unit bridges. A total of 71 zirconia one-piece implants were...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Jung RE,Grohmann P,Sailer I,Steinhart YN,Fehér A,Hämmerle C,Strub JR,Kohal R

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Photocatalytically induced hydrophilicity influences bone remodelling at longer healing periods: a rabbit study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Previously, we have reported that photocatalytically active hydrophilicity of the anatase titanium dioxide (TiO₂) nanoparticles coated onto commercially pure titanium discs presented significantly improved hydrophilicity after ultraviolet irradiation. As hydrophilicity has shown enhancement of osseointegrati...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hayashi M,Jimbo R,Xue Y,Mustafa K,Andersson M,Wennerberg A

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dog model for study of supracrestal bone apposition around partially inserted implants.

    abstract::A dog model for study of supracrestal bone growth around partially inserted implants is described. The mandibular premolar teeth (P1, P2, P3 and P4) were extracted on both sides of the mandible in four dogs. At a surgical exposure 12 weeks later, two 10 mm titanium implants were partially inserted on each side, 15 mm ...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roos-Jansåker AM,Franke-Stenport V,Renvert S,Albrektsson T,Claffey N

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Immediate loading of post-extractive single-tooth implants: a 1-year prospective study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The aim of this prospective clinical trial was to assess clinical, radiological, and esthetic outcomes of immediate-loaded post-extractive implants after 1 year of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twenty-four consecutive patients (15 females and nine males) with a mean age of 47.27 years (range 35-65) requirin...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Cristalli MP,Marini R,La Monaca G,Sepe C,Tonoli F,Annibali S

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • In vitro cleaning potential of three implant debridement methods. Simulation of the non-surgical approach.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the cleaning potential of commonly used implant debridement methods, simulating non-surgical peri-implantitis therapy in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS:One-hundred-and-eighty dental implants were ink-stained and mounted in combined soft and hard tissue models, representing peri-implantitis defects w...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ronay V,Merlini A,Attin T,Schmidlin PR,Sahrmann P

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • A fully digital approach to replicate peri-implant soft tissue contours and emergence profile in the esthetic zone.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This short communication reports on a novel digital technique designated - the "Fully Digital Technique (FDT)" - to take the impression of the peri-implant soft tissue and emergence profile with an intraoral scanner, digitally capturing both the three dimensional position of the implant platform and the coron...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monaco C,Evangelisti E,Scotti R,Mignani G,Zucchelli G

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Performance of dental implants after staged sinus floor elevation procedures: 5-year results of a prospective study in partially edentulous patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the 5-year performance and success rate of titanium screw-type implants with the titanium plasma spray (TPS) or the sand-blasted, large grit, acid-etched (SLA) surface inserted in a two-stage sinus floor elevation (SFE) procedure in the posterior maxilla. MA...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bornstein MM,Chappuis V,von Arx T,Buser D

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in alveolar process dimensions following extraction of molars with advanced periodontal disease: A clinical pilot study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To use cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to assess the alterations of socket dimensions after a 6-month healing period following molar extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Seventeen molars were extracted due to advanced periodontitis. CBCT scans were taken immediately after extraction and once more 6 months ...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhao L,Wei Y,Xu T,Zhang B,Hu W,Chung KH

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Pain and instability during biting with mandibular implant-retained overdentures.

    abstract::We tested in a randomized controlled clinical trial the effect of pain and instability of dentures on bite force with different degrees of mucosal support. The trial involved 3 groups who had received: 1) a new conventional denture (CD-group), 2) an implant-mucosa-borne overdenture on 2 IMZ implants (IMZ-group) or 3) ...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Fontijn-Tekamp FA,Slagter AP,van 't Hof MA,Kalk W,Jansen JA

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • A 5- to 6-year radiological evaluation of titanium plasma sprayed/sandblasted and acid-etched implants: results from private practice.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to determine bone level changes after 5-6 years of follow-up for a large group of one-stage dental implants consecutively placed in private practice. Potential confounding factors influencing crestal bone loss (CBL) were also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 378 transmucosal Strau...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dam HG,Najm SA,Nurdin N,Bischof M,Finkelman M,Nedir R

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Early and mature biofilm on four different dental implant materials: An in vivo human study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to examine the microbial composition of early (after 3 days, D3) and mature biofilms (after 31 days, D31) on materials typically used in implant/abutment buildups. Implant/abutment materials with different surface roughness values (Ra ) were compared to detect differences in the qua...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herrmann H,Kern JS,Kern T,Lautensack J,Conrads G,Wolfart S

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative evaluation of casting retention using the ITI solid abutment with six cements.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to test the retention of metal copings fabricated to fit on the one-groove, one flat-sided solid titanium abutment using six different cements. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Ten hollow screw 3.8 mm ITI implants were mounted in acrylic resin blocks. A solid titanium abutment was placed o...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mansour A,Ercoli C,Graser G,Tallents R,Moss M

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • The anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve: prevalence, measurement of its length and a recommendation for interforaminal implant installation based on cone beam CT imaging.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Interforaminal implant surgery requires anatomical knowledge of the area and adequate information on the location of the various landmarks of significance such as the mental foramen, the anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve and the mandibular incisive canal. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a ...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Apostolakis D,Brown JE

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical outcome of autogenous bone blocks or guided bone regeneration with e-PTFE membranes for the reconstruction of narrow edentulous ridges.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical outcome of two different surgical methods for the reconstruction of narrow edentulous ridges before implant installation: guided bone regeneration with e-PTFE membranes and autologous bone chips or grafting of autologous bone blocks without e-PTFE membranes. Thirty par...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Chiapasco M,Abati S,Romeo E,Vogel G

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Protease activities in peri-implant sulcus fluid from patients with permucosal osseointegrated dental implants. Correlation with clinical parameters.

    abstract::The 15 patients included in this study each had 2-6 permucosal Branemark osseointegrated implants that had functioned successfully for 18 months or more. They were given a full oral examination which included measurements of probing depth and gingival, bleeding and plaque indices around the implants. Marginal bone red...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eley BM,Cox SW,Watson RM

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • A five-year life-table analysis on wide neck ITI implants with prosthetic evaluation and radiographic analysis: results from a private practice.

    abstract::This paper reports a 5-year life-table analysis on wide neck (WN) ITI implants placed in a private practice. In 212 patients, 263 implants were placed in the posterior region; 97% rehabilitated the molar area. Implants in the mandible and in the maxilla were 61.2% and 38.8%, respectively; the mean implant length was 9...

    journal_title:Clinical oral implants research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bischof M,Nedir R,Abi Najm S,Szmukler-Moncler S,Samson J

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00