The function of sentence accents and given/new information in speech processing: different strategies for normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners?


:Two experiments were carried out to investigate how the correspondence between sentence accentuation and distribution of information is used in human word processing. A forced-choice task with target words embedded in sentences was employed for this purpose. Target words provided either 'given' or 'new' information, and were either accented or unaccented. The subjects had to choose between two words that differed in the last consonant by one phonetic feature (e.g., mouth/mouse). The first experiment involved both normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners. A fixed amount of noise was used to reduce the quality of speech for normal-hearing listeners, in order to enable a comparison between the two listener groups. The results of the first experiment showed different processing patterns for normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners. The hearing-impaired listeners were more accurate with words that were properly accented for their information value, whereas the normal-hearing subjects were more accurate with accented than unaccented words regardless of their information value. A new group of normal-hearing subjects was tested in a second experiment with speech of more severely reduced quality. The results indicated that, under these circumstances, the normal-hearing listeners changed their strategy and also showed an interaction between information value and accent. It seems that, as speech becomes less intelligible, listeners depend increasingly on linguistic expectations stemming from the correlation between information value and accentuation.


Lang Speech


Language and speech


van Donselaar W,Lentz J




Has Abstract


1994-10-01 00:00:00








37 ( Pt 4)


  • Spontaneous speech events in two speech databases of human-computer and human-human dialogs in Spanish.

    abstract::Previous works in English have revealed that disfluencies follow regular patterns and that incorporating them into the language model of a speech recognizer leads to lower perplexities and sometimes to a better performance. Although work on disfluency modeling has been applied outside the English community (e.g., in J...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rodríguez LJ,Inés Torres M

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Event-related potentials reflecting the processing of phonological constraint violations.

    abstract::How are violations of phonological constraints processed in word comprehension? The present article reports the results of an event-related potentials (ERP) study on a phonological constraint of German that disallows identical segments within a syllable or word (CC(i)VC(i)). We examined three types of monosyllabic lat...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Domahs U,Kehrein W,Knaus J,Wiesel R,Schlesewsky M

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Phonological variant recognition: representations and rules.

    abstract::The current research explores the role of lexical representations and processing in the recognition of phonological variants. Two alternative approaches for variant recognition are considered: a representational approach that posits frequency-graded lexical representations for variant forms and inferential processes t...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pinnow E,Connine CM

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Age, Sex and Syllable Number on Voice Onset Time: Evidence from Children's Voiceless Aspirated Stops.

    abstract::Voice onset time (VOT) is a temporal acoustic parameter that reflects motor speech coordination skills. This study investigated the patterns of age and sex differences across development of voice onset time in a group of 70 English-speaking children, ranging in age from 4.1 to 18.4 years, and 12 young adults. The effe...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu VY,De Nil LF,Pang EW

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of lexical stress in auditory word recognition.

    abstract::Although research examining the use of prosodic information in the processing of spoken words has increased in recent years, results from these studies have been inconclusive. The present series of experiments systematically examines the importance of one prosodic variable (lexical stress) in the recognition of isolat...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Slowiaczek LM

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Biomechanically preferred consonant-vowel combinations fail to appear in adult spoken corpora.

    abstract::Certain consonant/vowel (CV) combinations are more frequent than would be expected from the individual C and V frequencies alone, both in babbling and, to a lesser extent, in adult language, based on dictionary counts: Labial consonants co-occur with central vowels more often than chance would dictate; coronals co-occ...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Whalen DH,Giulivi S,Nam H,Levitt AG,Hallé P,Goldstein LM

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Priming Implicit Prosody: Prosodic Boundaries and Individual Differences.

    abstract::Using the structural priming paradigm, the present study explores predictions made by the implicit prosody hypothesis (IPH) by testing whether an implicit prosodic boundary generated from a silently read sentence influences attachment preference for a novel, subsequently read sentence. Results indicate that such primi...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jun SA,Bishop J

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Identification of acoustically modified Mandarin tones by non-native listeners.

    abstract::This study investigated identification of fragmented Mandarin tones by non-native listeners. Monosyllabic Mandarin words were digitally processed to generate intact, silent-center, center-only, and onset-only syllables. The syllables were recorded with two carrier phrases such that the offset of the carrier tone and t...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee CY,Tao L,Bond ZS

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Vowel production and perception: hyperarticulation without a hyperspace effect.

    abstract::The ability of speakers to exaggerate speech sounds ("hyperarticulation") has led to the theory that the targets themselves must be hyperspace hyperarticulated. Johnson, Flemming, and Wright (1993) found that perceptual "best exemplar" choices for vowels were more speech extreme than listeners' own productions. Our fi...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Whalen DH,Magen HS,Pouplier M,Kang AM,Iskarous K

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • The perception of phonological quantity based on durational cues by native speakers, second-language users and nonspeakers of Finnish.

    abstract::Some languages, such as Finnish, use speech-sound duration as the primary cue for a phonological quantity distinction. For second-language (L2) learners, quantity is often difficult to master if speech-sound duration plays a less important role in the phonology of their native language (L1). By comparing the categoriz...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ylinen S,Shestakova A,Alku P,Huotilainen M

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Communicative Success in Spatial Dialogue: The Impact of Functional Features and Dialogue Strategies.

    abstract::This paper addresses the impact of dialogue strategies and functional features of spatial arrangements on communicative success. To examine the sharing of cognition between two minds in order to achieve a joint goal, we collected a corpus of 24 extended German-language dialogues in a referential communication task tha...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tenbrink T,Andonova E,Schole G,Coventry KR

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Informativeness, Timing and Tempo in Lexical Self-Repair.

    abstract::This paper presents a study of the temporal organization of lexical repair in spontaneous Dutch speech. It assesses the extent to which offset-to-repair duration and repair tempo can be predicted on the basis of offset timing, reparandum tempo and measures of the informativeness of the crucial lexical items in the rep...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Plug L

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Valence on Hemispheric Specialization for Emotion Word Processing.

    abstract::The use of emotion in language is a key element of human interactions and a rich area for cognitive research. The present study examined reactions to words of five types: positive emotion (e.g., happiness), negative emotion (e.g., hatred), positive emotion-laden (e.g., blessing), negative emotion-laden (e.g., prison),...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martin JM,Altarriba J

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Sorry, Not Sorry: The independent role of multiple phonetic cues in signaling the difference between two word meanings.

    abstract::We examine the use of multiple subphonemic differences distinguishing homophones in production and perception, through a case study focusing on the distinction between two polysemous senses of the English word "sorry" (apology vs. attention-seeking). An analysis of production data from voice actors revealed significan...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martinuzzi C,Schertz J

    更新日期:2021-01-28 00:00:00

  • An analysis of turn-taking and backchannels based on prosodic and syntactic features in Japanese map task dialogs.

    abstract::In this study, we investigate syntactic and prosodic features of the speaker's speech at points where turn-taking and backchannels occur, on the basis of our analysis of Japanese spontaneous dialogs. Specifically, we focus on features such as part of speech, duration, F0 contour pattern, relative height of the peak F0...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koiso H,Horiuchi Y,Tutiya S,Ichikawa A,Den Y

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • Durational patterning at syntactic and discourse boundaries in Mandarin spontaneous speech.

    abstract::This study focused on durational cues (i.e., syllable duration, pause duration, and syllable onset intervals (SOIs)) at discourse boundaries in two dialects of Mandarin,Taiwan and Mainland varieties. Speech was elicited by having 18 participants describe events in The Pear Story film. Recorded data were transcribed, l...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fon J,Johnson K,Chen S

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Infants' Processing of Prosodic Cues: Electrophysiological Evidence for Boundary Perception beyond Pause Detection.

    abstract::Infants as young as six months are sensitive to prosodic phrase boundaries marked by three acoustic cues: pitch change, final lengthening, and pause. Behavioral studies suggest that a language-specific weighting of these cues develops during the first year of life; recent work on German revealed that eight-month-olds,...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holzgrefe-Lang J,Wellmann C,Höhle B,Wartenburger I

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between the perception and production of coarticulation during a sound change in progress.

    abstract::The present study is concerned with lax /u/-fronting in Standard British English and in particular with whether this sound change in progress can be attributed to a waning of the perceptual compensation for the coarticulatory effects of context. Younger and older speakers produced various monosyllables in which /u/ oc...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kleber F,Harrington J,Reubold U

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Crossmodal and incremental perception of audiovisual cues to emotional speech.

    abstract::In this article we report on two experiments about the perception of audiovisual cues to emotional speech. The article addresses two questions: 1) how do visual cues from a speaker's face to emotion relate to auditory cues, and (2) what is the recognition speed for various facial cues to emotion? Both experiments repo...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barkhuysen P,Krahmer E,Swerts M

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Are eyebrow movements linked to voice variations and turn-taking in dialogue? An experimental investigation.

    abstract::Following our work on the relationship between eyebrow movements and the fundamental frequency of the voice, this article presents the results of a study on this phenomenon, and also on the temporal location of rapid eyebrow movements with respect to speaking turns during dialogue. We used an automatic movement-acquis...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guaïtella I,Santi S,Lagrue B,Cavé C

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sidestepping the combinatorial explosion: an explanation of n-gram frequency effects based on naive discriminative learning .

    abstract::Arnon and Snider ((2010). More than words: Frequency effects for multi-word phrases. Journal of memory and language, 62, 67-82) documented frequency effects for compositional four-grams independently of the frequencies of lower-order n-grams. They argue that comprehenders apparently store frequency information about m...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baayen RH,Hendrix P,Ramscar M

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of target phonemes in spontaneous and read speech.

    abstract::Although spontaneous speech occurs more frequently in most listeners' experience than read speech, laboratory studies of human speech recognition typically use carefully controlled materials read from a script. The phonological and prosodic characteristics of spontaneous and read speech differ considerably, however, w...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mehta G,Cutler A

    更新日期:1988-04-01 00:00:00

  • Combining techniques to reveal emergent effects in infants' segmentation, word learning, and grammar.

    abstract::This paper provides three representative examples that highlight the ways in which procedures can be combined to study interactions across traditional domains of study: segmentation, word learning, and grammar. The first section uses visual familiarization prior to the Headturn Preference Procedure to demonstrate that...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hollich G

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • What does more time buy you? Another look at the effects of long-term residence on production accuracy of English /inverted r/ and /l/ by Japanese speakers.

    abstract::This study tested the issue of whether extended length of residence (LOR) in adulthood can provide sufficient input to overcome age effects. The study replicates Flege, Takagi, and Mann (1995), which found that 10 out of 12 Japanese learners of English with extensive residence (12 years or more) produced liquids as ac...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larson-Hall J

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • The role of tonal onglides in German nuclear pitch accents.

    abstract::A perception experiment with native German listeners provided evidence for the relevance of the tonal onglide in nuclear accents--the pitch movement leading towards the target on the accented syllable. Listeners were able to distinguish between two pragmatic meanings of a short phrase (given/non-contrastive and new/co...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ritter S,Grice M

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Auditory word serial recall benefits from orthographic dissimilarity.

    abstract::The influence of orthographic knowledge has been consistently observed in dissimilarity speech recognition and metaphonological tasks. The present study provides data suggesting that such influence also pervades other cognitive domains phonological related to language abilities, such as verbal working memory. Using se...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pattamadilok C,Lafontaine H,Morais J,Kolinsky R

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Stress in ASL: empirical evidence and linguistic issues.

    abstract::The study of signed languages provides an opportunity to identify those characteristics of language that are universal and to investigate the effect of production modality (signed vs. spoken) on the grammar. Over time, American Sign Language (ASL) has accommodated itself to the production and perception requirements o...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilbur RB

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00

  • Does vowel inventory density affect vowel-to-vowel coarticulation?

    abstract::This study tests the output constraints hypothesis that languages with a crowded phonemic vowel space would allow less vowel-to-vowel coarticulation than languages with a sparser vowel space to avoid perceptual confusion. Mandarin has fewer vowel phonemes than Cantonese, but their allophonic vowel spaces are similarly...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mok PP

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Comprehension of temporal terms by good and poor readers.

    abstract::Poor beginning readers often have difficulty comprehending spoken sentences with complex syntactic structures. This study attempts to identify the reasons for this difficulty. Second-grade good and poor readers were tested for comprehension of spoken sentences containing the temporal terms before and after. Processing...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Macaruso P,Bar-Shalom E,Crain S,Shankweiler D

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reanalysis of clause boundaries in Japanese as a constraint-driven process.

    abstract::When processing the initial segment of a sentence, readers may favor an interpretation that will turn out to be incorrect as more words are read. In these cases, a reanalysis process is necessary in order to correct the mental representation built up to that point. It has been previously proposed that readers obey a m...

    journal_title:Language and speech

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miyamoto ET

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00