Structure, function, and immunogenicity of human insulinoma cells.

Abstract:

:Dissociated human insulinoma cells were plated onto plastic multiwell dishes. Cells were maintained for 1 mo on plastic with three passages. Cultures consisted of small colonies with some areas of stratification and few intercellular spaces. Ultrastructural studies indicated that cultured cells had epithelial features with desmosomes at cell-to-cell contacts and intermediate filaments in addition to secretory granules in the cytoplasm. Insulin and C-peptide were released in equimolar amounts in culture media. When challenged for 30 min with 16.7 mM glucose, 1 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, 4 mM tolbutamide, or 10(-6) M glucagon, insulinoma cells responded by a 1.5-, 1.5-, 2-, or 3-fold increase, respectively, in insulin release above baseline levels. A 15-min challenge with 10(-5) M isoproterenol increased insulin secretion by 1.85-fold. By indirect immunofluorescence, an anti-insulin antibody reacted positively with cell cytoplasm, whereas anti-somatostatin and anti-glucagon antibodies did not. Insulinoma cell surface expressed class I MHC molecules but not class II molecules. Immediately after isolation, crude insulinoma cells were contaminated by 2% of DR+ cells from nonislet components that disappeared after several weeks in culture. The ability of insulinoma cells to stimulate allogenic T-lymphocyte proliferation was assessed by [3H]thymidine incorporation in mixed culture combinations. Crude insulinoma cells elicited a strong lymphoproliferative response with a stimulation index ranging between 3.5 and 7, whereas no stimulation was found after 1 mo in culture. It is postulated that absence of class II-positive cells in the stimulatory cell preparation conditioned this immune tolerance across the major histocompatibility barrier.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

journal_name

Diabetes

journal_title

Diabetes

authors

Thivolet CH,Demidem A,Haftek M,Durand A,Bertrand J

doi

10.2337/diab.37.9.1279

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1988-09-01 00:00:00

pages

1279-86

issue

9

eissn

0012-1797

issn

1939-327X

journal_volume

37

pub_type

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