Prolonged phorbol ester treatment down-regulates protein kinase C isozymes and increases contraction rate in neonatal cardiac myocytes.

Abstract:

:We have determined the effects of chronic exposure to the protein kinase C (PKC) activating drug 4-beta phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) on PKC isozymes and the rate of spontaneous contraction in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes in culture. Western blot analyses revealed that a two day exposure to 0.1-1 nM PMA increased the total amount of delta PKC, whereas, 100 nM PMA concentrations caused a complete down-regulation of the alpha PKC and an 80 kDa zeta PKC-like protein. In addition, 100 nM PMA treatment for 2 days did not result in complete down-regulation of the beta, delta, and epsilon PKC isozymes in Western blot and immunocytochemical studies. We also found a PKC-mediated enhancement of the rate of contraction in these cells following prolonged exposure to PMA (1-100nM). Our studies suggest that this enhancement of contraction rate may be mediated by the beta, delta, or epsilon PKC isozymes. A better understanding of the role(s) of PKC isozymes in the modulation of cardiac functions may reveal selective targets for therapies of cardiac disorders.

journal_name

Life Sci

journal_title

Life sciences

authors

Johnson JA,Adak S,Mochly-Rosen D

doi

10.1016/0024-3205(95)02048-n

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-01-01 00:00:00

pages

1027-38

issue

11

eissn

0024-3205

issn

1879-0631

pii

002432059502048N

journal_volume

57

pub_type

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