[Normal values of the hemogram and other hematological variables in subjects over 60 years old].


:We studied 36 men and 94 women aged 60 to 85 years, without nutritional deficiencies or illness that could interfere with hematopoiesis, to characterize the normal limits of red and white blood cell counts. Lower limit of hemoglobin normal values were 132 g/l for men and 125 g/l for women. The corresponding figures for MCV were 85 fl and 83 fl for men and women respectively. Lower and upper normal limits for leukocyte count in both sexes were 3.66 and 9.36 x 10(9)/l. Hypersegmented neutrophils existed in 7% of men and 14% of women in spite that folate and vitamin B12 deficiencies were excluded. We concluded that blood cell counts of elderly people have mild deviations of normal values for young adults. Aged humans have a low white cell and bands counts, and elderly women have a higher hemoglobin concentration.


Rev Med Chil


Revista medica de Chile


Olivares M,Hertrampf E,Wegner D,Capurro MT,Letelier A,Valenzuela E


Has Abstract


1994-11-01 00:00:00












  • [Structured clinical examinations with simulated patients during internal medicine clerkship].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Practice is essential in clinical training and can be carried out with simulations. The medical school of the University of Chile performs Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) using standardized simulated patients for interns. AIM:To report the experience with OSCE in an environment with a high...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bozzo Navarrete S,Arancibia Salvo C,Contreras Reyes D,Pérez González L

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Vital prognosis in severe acute hepatic failure. Value of the quantitative indexes of evaluation].

    abstract::The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value for mortality of admission and daily APACHE II score, mortality due to multiple organ failure and the Organ Failure Score in patients with acute hepatic failure. We retrospectively studied 15 such patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Thirteen patients di...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andresen M,Dussaillant G,Dougnac A,Arrese M,Arriagada D,Carlos Glasinovic J,Villarroel L

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Hospital case management].

    abstract::Due to demographic changes, rising health expenditures, and the reimbursement mechanisms of insurers in the past 30 years, physicians and nurses have had to change the way services are delivered. Concepts such as cost effectiveness and patient safety have also led to the emergence of case management. Case management, ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Eymin G,Zuleta J

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Effects of a six weeks exercise training program for type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertensive patients].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is a wide interindividual variability in the response to a period of exercise training. The science have reported that a minimum of participants could be non-responders for improving different health-related outcomes after training. AIM:To compare the effects of a 6-weeks exercise program on body comp...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cano-Montoya J,Ramírez-Campillo R,Sade Calles F,Izquierdo M,Fritz Silva N,Arteaga San Martín R,Álvarez C

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Screening and barriers for treatment of postpartum depression in Chilean public primary health care centers].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Postpartum depression (PPD) is a public health issue, and appropriate screening may lead to clinical gains. AIM:To describe the screening for PPD, its relationship with the use of health care services, and treatment access barriers in Chilean public primary health care (PHC) centers. MATERIAL AND METHODS:P...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Rojas G,Guajardo V,Martínez P,Fritsch R

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Health and humanization Diploma: the value of reflection and face to face learning].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In a rapidly changing culture like ours, with emphasis on productivity, there is a strong need to find the meaning of health care work using learning instances that privilege reflection and face to face contact with others. The Diploma in Health and Humanization (DSH), was developed as an interdisciplinary s...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martínez-Gutiérrez J,Magliozzi P,Torres P,Soto M,Walker R

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Measurement of maximal oxygen uptake in a Chilean population sample].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Maximal oxygen uptake is considered by the International Biological Programme as the international standard of cardiorespiratory adequacy and physical condition. AIM:To measure maximal oxygen uptake in normal Chilean subjects, to establish normal reference values. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Maximal oxygen uptake...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donoso H,Osorio J

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • [SPECT tomography with F 18-fluorodeoxyglucose in a recent myocardial infarction clinical case].

    abstract::We report a 50-year-old woman with a recent myocardial infarction in whom a myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with Thallium201 was done simultaneously with a F18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) SPECT to study glucose metabolism. Myocardial infarction was located in the anteroseptal and a...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: González P,Coll C,Massardo T,Sierralta P,Humeres P,Aramburú I,Brugère S,Yovanevich J,Ramírez A,Jofré J,Chamorro H,Kuntsmann S,López H

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Masters of internal medicine, in Chile: Manuel García de los Ríos Alvarez MD].

    abstract::Master of Internal Medicine is the highest award granted by the Chilean Society of Internal Medicine (Sociedad Médica de Santiago) to its members. Since this award was instituted, in 1981, the Society has given it periodically to the most distinguished Chilean physicians. All nominees are considered a model as a physi...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章



    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • [IgG4 associated nephritis and recurrent hemoptysis: Case report].

    abstract::IgG4 disease is a multi-systemic condition involving pancreas, salivary glands and lymph nodes. Less frequently, it causes interstitial nephritis and involves the lungs. We report a 58 years old male with a four years history of hemoptysis and renal dysfunction characterized by hematuria and proteinuria, responsive to...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Erlij D,Rivera Á,Maya JC,Cuellar C,Correa G,Michalland S,Méndez GP

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Chronic intermittent peritoneal dialysis: a 12-year experience].

    abstract::Since 1981, we have treated 46 adults aged 56 +/- 21 years, of whom 17 were diabetic, with intermittent peritoneal dialysis. Their mean time on dialysis has been 21 months with an accumulated experience of 493 months/patient. The program included 2 dialyses per week, 25 exchanges of 21 per session and 30 min of dwell ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: García R,Gómez M,Olea C,Cuadros K

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Cell differentiation of cultured mammary epithelium].

    abstract::The functional differentiation of mammary epithelial cells requires specific hormones, growth factors and chemical signals of the cellular environment. These signals consist in cell communication with the extracellular matrix and cell-cell interactions which through an intrincated mechanism lead to the events that tri...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cornejo R,Rocha H

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Rapid aspirin desensitization in patients with a history of aspirin hypersensitivity requiring coronary angioplasty. Report of four cases].

    abstract::Aspirin use is necessary after a coronary angioplasty. It should not be used in patients with a history of hypersensitivity. However, rapid desensitization protocols have been reported to allow its use in such patients. One of these protocols consists in the administration of progressive doses of aspirin, from 1 to 10...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Veas P N,Martínez G,Jalil M J,Martínez S A,Castro G P

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Comparative performance of symptoms questionnaire, hydrogen test and genetic test for lactose intolerance].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Genetically programmed adult-type hypolactasia affects 56% of Chilean population. Ideally, diagnosis should be confirmed. AIM:To compare diagnostic yield of genetic test, hydrogen (H2) expiratory test and a validated symptomatic structured survey (SS). MATERIAL AND METHODS:Patients submitted to H2 test ans...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rollán A,Vial C,Quesada S,Espinoza K,Hatton M,Puga A,Repetto G

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • [International policies towards sick leave: A referent to analyze the Chilean situation].

    abstract::This is a comparative review of sick leave and wage replacement policies among countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (EOCD), an organism that Chile joined recently. This review also deals with the main transformations applied to the system to improve its effciency and the variables th...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vergara M

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Causes of blindness and disability pensions in the eastern metropolitan area of Santiago].

    abstract::Between June 1983 and September 1987, 2799 disability pensions were given in the East Santiago Area, population 676,269. Of them, 222 (7.9%) were due to ophthalmological causes. Blindness as defined by the WHO was present in 57 cases. It was caused by myopia (33%), glaucoma (21%), diabetic retinopathy (9.8%), retinal ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schweikart A,Charlin R,Stoppel J,Jara R,Maul de la Puente E

    更新日期:1991-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Recent alcohol and drug consumption in victims of work related accidents].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Twenty to twenty two percent of work related accidents have a direct or indirect relationship with recent alcohol use. AIM:To detect recent alcohol or drug use in patients who required hospitalization for severe work related accidents. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Blood and urine samples were obtained from patient...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Trucco M,Rebolledo P,González X,Correa A,Bustamante M

    更新日期:1998-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Proliferating cell nuclear antigen in cervical cancer and precursor lesions].

    abstract::The aim of this study was to study the degree of cellular proliferation quantifying the immunohistochemical expression of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen. We assessed paraffin embedded samples of 25 infiltrating epidermoid cervical carcinomas, 76 precursor lesions (34 of low and 42 of high grade), 29 normal and...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wistuba I,Roa I,Araya JC,Villaseca M,Capurro I,Chávez F

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Contribution of iron of bread to the Chilean diet].

    abstract::The content and bioavailability of iron contained in Chilean bread was studied in a random sample from 301 bakeries. A wet digestion procedure followed by a colorimetric method was used. Iron bioavailability was examined in 9 adult women using the extrinsic radioactive tag method. The iron content of bread was 2.4 +/-...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peña G,Pizarro F,Hertrampf E

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of obesity among Chilean women in childbearing ages].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Women in childbearing ages (WCBA) represent a strategic intervention group to reverse the global trend of increasing obesity. AIM:To conduct a review of studies reporting obesity prevalence in WCBA in Chile in the last 25 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS:To describe obesity prevalence, we used three approaches,...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Araya B M,Padilla O,Garmendia ML,Atalah E,Uauy R

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Cervical polyadenopathy due to Kikuchi and Fujimoto disease].

    abstract::Kikuchi and Fujimoto disease is a benign subacute necrotizing lymphadenitis, probably associated to a viral infection, that affects mostly young Asian women. We report a 19 years old women, with a vast familiar history of thyroid disease (three uncles with papillary thyroid carcinoma and one with a Hashimoto thyroidit...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: López JM,Alvarez M,Cárdenas IE,Gallegos M

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00

  • [DSM-5: the definitive inclusion of psychiatry in medicine?]

    abstract::DSM-5 is a significant factor in promoting the "remedicalization" of psychiatry as the focus of psychiatric knowledge, developed by the evidence-based medicine movement, shifted from the clinically-based biopsychosocial model to a research-based medical model. DSM-5 purposes are 1]clinical: diagnosis, prevention, earl...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Figueroa G

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Measurement of 17 OH progesterone in blood in Chilean newborns: antecedents for implementing a grogram for the neonatal detection of congenital adrenal hyperplasia].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The early diagnosis and therapy of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency can prevent adrenal crises and erroneous gender assignment in affected newborns. To achieve this goal neonatal mass-screening programs have been developed, measuring blood 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cattani A,Reyes ML,Azócar M,Soto J,Romeo E,Valdivia L,Poggi H,Foradori A

    更新日期:2000-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Limited diagnostic testing can decrease the direct economic impact of irritable bowel syndrome].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The economic impact of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Mexico in terms of excessive diagnostic testing can be considerably reduced if the recommendations of the Latin American Consensus (LATAM) for IBS are followed. AIM:To estimate the economic impact of IBS in terms of excessive diagnostic testing. MATE...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmulson MJ

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Reversed halo sign as an unusual manifestation of cryptogenic organized pneumonia. Report of one case].

    abstract::We report a 64 years old female admitted with fever, cough, dyspnea and lung opacities in the chest X ray. A chest tomography scan (CTS) showed multiple-bilateral ring-shaped opacities and the reversed halo sign (RHS). The patient did not improve with antimicrobial therapy (AT). Infection and rheumatologic causes were...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schiappacasse G,Acevedo A,Martínez R,Escobar J,Hernández A,Pires Y

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Cytogenetic study of acute and chronic leukemias].

    abstract::From 1983 to 1987 we studied 30 patients with leukemia searching for chromosomal alterations. Cytogenetic studies of bone marrow showed an abnormal karyotype in 19 (67%). Seven out of 14 cases of acute leukemia presented different chromosomic alterations. The Philadelphia chromosome was found in 11 patients with chron...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Conte G,Torrens M,Larraín C,Be C,Daher V,Youlton R

    更新日期:1989-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Worsening situation of tuberculosis in Chile].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recent data suggest an increase in tuberculosis (TB) incidence in Chile. AIM:To evaluate recent epidemiological trends, geographic extension and potential factors associated with TB reemergence in Chile. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Data analysis from official sources and trend analysis. RESULTS:TB incidence rate...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fica A,Herrera T,Aguilera X

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Itraconazole 800 mg for the prophylaxis of fungal infections in patients with acute leukemia and severe neutropenia].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Systemic fungal infections and specifically invasive aspergillosis (IA) are associated with a high morbi-mortality rate in patients with hematologic malignancies. Itraconazole kinetic studies show that plasma levels are not satisfactory, even though there is a reduction of the severity in clinical cases. AI...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andrade M A,Puga L B,Guerra C C,Molina E J,Capurro C M

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Imipenem/cilastatin versus ceftazidime-amikacin in the treatment of febrile neutropenic patients].

    abstract:AIM:To compare the efficacy of imipenem/cilastatine and ceftazidime-amikacin in the treatment of febrile neutropenic patients. DESIGN:Open, prospective and randomized clinical study. PATIENTS:Fifty two patients (26 female) aged 16 to 80 years old with 60 episodes of neutropenia were studied. They were randomly assign...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pérez C,Sirham M,Labarca J,Grebe G,Lira P,Oliva J,Duhalde M,Ocqueteau M,Acuña G

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Umbilical cord hematopoietic precursors transplantation. Report of five patients].

    abstract::Hematopoietic precursors transplantation is a therapeutic alternative for leukemia, some metabolic diseases and some immune deficiency syndromes. In its allogeneic variety leukemia eradication is based in the conditioning prior to transplantation and the allograñ effect against leukemia. Umbilical cord blood is an alt...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burotto P M,Bertín C-M P,Galindo A H,Garrido S M,Melgoza P G,Nervi N B,Ramírez V P,Ocqueteau T M,Besa de C P,García V V,Jara A V,Alvarez J E,Betancur B M,Rivera L M,Alvarez Z M

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00