Knowledge, beliefs, and prior screening behavior among blacks and whites reporting for prostate cancer screening.


OBJECTIVES:A survey to determine prostate cancer-related knowledge, beliefs, and prior screening behavior was administered to men participating in prostate cancer screening events at nine major sites in the southeast. Since prostate cancer disproportionately affects blacks, a primary focus of the analysis was to determine if differences in responses exist between racial groups. METHODS:A 20-question, multiple-choice survey to ascertain prostate cancer knowledge and beliefs, demographics, and health care access information was administered at nine major southeastern sites participating in Prostate Cancer Awareness screening events. Potential differences between the responses of blacks and whites were tested using the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test (P < 0.05), adjusting for differences among sites. RESULTS:Major findings of this study on 286 black and 1218 white men are as follows: (1) only 28% of black or white men report that their doctor ever discussed a test for prostate cancer with them; (2) blacks were less likely to have a regular doctor (P = 0.03) or ever to have had a digital rectal examination (P < 0.001) or prostate-specific antigen testing (P = 0.005); (3) blacks were less likely to report knowing someone with prostate cancer (P < 0.001) and were more apt to report their acquaintances experiencing post-treatment impotence than whites (P = 0.03); they were less likely to report that "a man with prostate cancer can lead a normal life" (P < 0.001) or that "men can have prostate cancer without symptoms" (P < 0.001); (4) a substantial number of all men did not know that race and/or heredity are risk factors; and (5) "peace of mind" was the leading reason why men (63% of whites and 50% of blacks) attended prostate cancer screening events. CONCLUSIONS:There are a number of similarities among black and white men regarding knowledge and beliefs related to prostate cancer. Important differences, however, in access to screening, perception of the disease and its treatment, and knowledge of risk factors exist between racial groups and represent significant barriers to early detection among African Americans.






Demark-Wahnefried W,Strigo T,Catoe K,Conaway M,Brunetti M,Rimer BK,Robertson CN




Has Abstract


1995-09-01 00:00:00
















  • Identifying Prevalence and Risk Factors for Mild Cognitive Impairment in Adults Presenting for Urological Evaluation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in a young and older adult urology population, and which external factors were associated with diminished cognitive status at baseline. METHODS:We enrolled patients >18 years of age presenting to a large, urban tertiary care center for a wide variety of urologic com...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roberge G,Stortz SK,Frankel WC,Greene KL,Deng DY

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy leads to immediate impairment of vitality/hormonal and sexual quality of life: results of a multicenter prospective study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the immediate effects of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (NADT) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients undergoing radiation therapy (RT) for newly diagnosed prostate cancer. METHODS:The Prostate Cancer Outcomes and Satisfaction with Treatment Quality Assessment Consorti...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Gay HA,Michalski JM,Hamstra DA,Wei JT,Dunn RL,Klein EA,Sandler HM,Saigal C,Litwin M,Kuban D,Hembroff L,Chang P,Sanda MG,PROSTQA Consortium.

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Degloving and realignment--simple repair of isolated penile torsion.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To present the results of repairing congenital or acquired penile torsion by means of a simple surgical procedure that does not involve resection of corporeal tissue. METHODS:Forty-six circumcised patients (mean age 27 months, range 6 to 119) presented with isolated penile torsion of a greater than 30 degre...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bar-Yosef Y,Binyamini J,Matzkin H,Ben-Chaim J

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Failed posterior urethroplasty: lessons learned.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the factors contributing to unsuccessful results after posterior urethroplasty and to establish some guidelines for its prevention. METHODS:From 1977 through 2000, 130 patients (3 to 58 years old) underwent 145 anastomotic urethroplasty procedures for post-traumatic posterior urethral distracti...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Koraitim MM

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Vesicosalpingovaginal fistula.

    abstract::The first reported case of a vesicovaginal fistula in which the fallopian tube serves as a conduit between the bladder and vagina is presented. Clinical manifestations, including recurrent urinary tract infection and cuff abscess, followed vaginal hysterectomy performed three years perviously. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turner BI,Ekbladh L,Edson M

    更新日期:1976-07-01 00:00:00

  • Urologic management in cloacal dysgenesis.

    abstract::Eleven cases of cloacal dysgenesis from the experience in the Baylor affiliated hospitals from 1969 to 1977 are reviewed. Clinical features including radiographic studies are presented in representative case reports. Despite the initial urgent need for intestinal surgical intervention in these patients, the long-term ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bartholomew TH,Gonzales ET Jr

    更新日期:1978-06-01 00:00:00

  • Methylmethacrylate upper ureteral obstruction.

    abstract::A case of upper ureteral obstruction caused by methylmethacrylate cement after fixation of an L2-L3 vertebral fracture is reported. The probable mechanism, radiographic findings, and management of this complication are reviewed. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fiore A,Addonizio JC,Katz S,Choudhury M

    更新日期:1986-05-01 00:00:00

  • Urinary solute transport by gastric mucosa: a comparison with ileum using a rat model.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study was conducted to quantitate and compare urinary solute transport by stomach and ileum using an in vivo rat model. METHODS:An artificial urine solution was perfused through isolated gastric and ileal segments in the anesthetized rat. Concentrations of solutes and a volume marker were periodically ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brandell RA,Scaletscky R,Koch MO

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Horseshoe kidney: does it really have any negative impact on surgical outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To compare the stone-free rate and complications between horseshoe and normal kidneys. METHODS:Between December 1997 and June 2008, a total of 2401 patients with 2618 renal units underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). During this period, we retrospectively reviewed the data of 46 patients with 50 (1...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ozden E,Bilen CY,Mercimek MN,Tan B,Sarikaya S,Sahin A

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Laser-induced hyperthermia in rat prostate cancer: role of site of tumor implantation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the importance of the site of tumor implantation on the treatment response to laser-induced hyperthermia (LIH) of rat prostate cancer (PCa), because interventional manipulations of PCa have been reported to increase metastatic dissemination. METHODS:Seven to nine days after either subcutaneou...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lein M,Koenig F,Misdraji J,McDougal WS,Jung K,Loening SA,Hasan T,Ortel B

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Deep venous thrombosis in pediatric patients with myelomeningocele undergoing urologic reconstruction--do we need to reconsider prophylaxis?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To review a single surgeon's experience with the development of postoperative deep venous thrombosis after urologic reconstruction in the myelomeningocele population. This complication is rarely reported in this population, despite the multiple risk factors. We reviewed the risk factors for the development o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Emley TE,Cain MP

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Pelvic cake kidney drained by a single ureter associated with unicornuate uterus.

    abstract::The pelvic cake kidney in which there is complete fusion of both kidneys into a single renal parenchymal mass has been described as the rarest of renal fusion anomalies. Pelvic cake kidney most commonly drains via 2 separate ureters, with fewer than 10 reports demonstrating a cake kidney drained by a single ureter. We...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenkrantz AB,Kopec M,Laks S

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Value of transrectal ultrasonography in female traumatic urethral injuries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To estimate the value of transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) in traumatic urethral injuries of various types in females. METHODS:A total of 30 female patients with symptoms of urethral injuries after trauma underwent TRUS between January 2005 and July 2008. Of them, 28 patients with operative indications und...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ying T,Li Q,Shao C,Zhu Z,Feng L,Hu B

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Upper and Lower Urinary Tract Endoscopy Training on Thiel-embalmed Cadavers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate Thiel-embalmed cadavers as a new training model for urological endoscopy procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twelve urologists performed upper and lower urinary tract endoscopies on 5 different Thiel-embalmed cadavers to evaluate this potentially new training model in urological endoscopic procedur...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bele U,Kelc R

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Results of radical cystectomy for primary bladder cancer. Retrospective study of more than 200 cases.

    abstract::During a seven-year period 202 patients with primary bladder cancer had radical cystectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion. Lymph node metastases were found in 28.7 per cent. No significant differences in overall survival owing to age were apparent. Only extension and grade of histopatholog...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giuliani L,Giberti C,Martorana G,Bonamini A,Natta GD,Rovida S

    更新日期:1985-09-01 00:00:00

  • Anesthetic Bladder Hydrodistention Is Superior to Superior Hypogastric Plexus Neurolysis in Treatment of Interstitial Cystitis-bladder Pain Syndrome: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate efficacy and safety of superior hypogastric plexus neurolysis (SHN) for treatment of interstitial cystitis (IC)-bladder pain syndrome (BPS) in comparison with bladder hydrodistention (HD). MATERIALS AND METHODS:In a prospective study, 24 female patients were randomly allocated to receive either S...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: El-Hefnawy AS,Makharita MY,Abed A,Amr YM,Salah El-Badry M,Shaaban AA

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Numeric aberrations of HER-2 and chromosome 17 detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization in urine-exfoliated cells from patients with urothelial carcinoma.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To elucidate the clinical significance of the HER-2 gene alterations in urine-exfoliated cells detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in patients with urothelial transitional cell carcinoma. METHODS:The relative increase of HER-2 (RI-HER2) and gain of chromosome 17 (G-17) in urine-exfoliated ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Inoue T,Sato K,Tsuchiya N,Matsuura S,Iinuma M,Habuchi T,Kato T

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of life at the end of life: trends in patients with metastatic prostate cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To identify the rates of decline in health-related quality of life during the year before death in men with prostate cancer. METHODS:We studied men in a subset analysis within a longitudinal, observational cohort of patients with metastatic prostate cancer at the University of California, Los Angeles, Cente...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Melmed GY,Kwan L,Reid K,Litwin MS

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of residual prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy with the Abbott IMx PSA assay.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This analysis was performed to define the level of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) measured with the Abbott IMx assay that indicates residual or progressive prostate cancer after radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS:Since March 1992, we have used the Abbott IMx assay to determine PSA levels...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Schild SE,Wong WW,Novicki DE,Ferrigni RG,Swanson SK

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Pazopanib synergizes with docetaxel in the treatment of bladder cancer cells.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the efficacy of pazopanib, both alone and in combination with docetaxel, in bladder cancer cells. Bladder cancer expresses many potential therapeutic targets of biological agents, including the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR). Pazopanib is a small molecule inhibitor of VEGF...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li Y,Yang X,Su LJ,Flaig TW

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ureteral replacements.

    abstract::The clinical necessities of replacing all or part of the diseased or destroyed ureter have plagued surgeons for many years. In the past seventy years more than 100 surgical techniques have been described for ureteral replacement. Methods of replacement have fallen into four categories; nonbiologic substitutes, pedicle...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Baum N,Mobley DF,Carlton CE Jr

    更新日期:1975-02-01 00:00:00

  • Left transperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in the presence of a left-sided inferior vena cava.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To report a case and the surgical techniques of transperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in a patient with a small left renal mass and an aberrant left-sided inferior vena cava (IVC). METHODS:An otherwise healthy 49-year-old man with a body mass index of 23.1 kg/m(2) was diagnosed with a 5 × 6...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang LH,Liu B,Wu Z,Yang Q,Xiao L,Chen W,Sheng H,Luo W,Luo R,Sun Y

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Varicocele and varicose veins compared. A basis for logical surgery.

    abstract::In the past only large symptomatic varicoceles were treated surgically, but this has changed now that they are believed to be a cause for infertility. Ten patients have been studied using the Doppler flowmeter and phlebography to compare varicoceles and varicose veins in the legs and to decide whether or not the same ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dennison AR,Tibbs DJ

    更新日期:1986-09-01 00:00:00

  • Apomorphine versus mating behavior in testing erectile capabilities of diabetic rats.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important cause of organic impotence. It is estimated that 35% to 75% of diabetic patients are impotent. In the present study we investigated the effect of experimentally induced diabetes (streptozocin 60 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, for 9 weeks) on sexual behavior and compared it t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elabbady A,Hassouna MM,Elhilali M

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of preoperative ureteral stenting on stone-free rates of ureteroscopy for nephroureterolithiasis: a matched-paired analysis of 286 patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the effect of preoperative ureteral stenting on success rates of ureteroscopy (URS) for nephroureterolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We retrospectively evaluated patients who underwent URS for nephroureterolithiasis without preoperative indwelling ureteral stents. These patients were matched ac...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Netsch C,Knipper S,Bach T,Herrmann TR,Gross AJ

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Extraperitoneal Uterosacral Ligament Hysteropexy: A Novel Treatment for Apical Compartment Prolapse.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To treat mild-to-moderate apical compartment prolapse while preserving the uterus, our extraperitoneal uterosacral ligament hysteropexy repair technique was developed. Hysterectomy for prolapse accounted for 13% of all benign hysterectomies, which is the third most common reason.1 Although concomitant hystere...




    authors: Ossin D,Ramirez-Caban L,Hurtado E

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of shock wave lithotripsy on male fertility: a critical analysis of existing evidence.

    abstract::We review the literature about the impact of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) on male reproduction. Studies investigating the in vitro effect of shock waves on semen samples indicate that spermatozoa are vulnerable to SWL. According to animal studies, intratesticular bleeding is common, but pregnancy rates are not affecte...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Philippou P,Ralph DJ,Timoney AG

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in disparate treatment of African American men with localized prostate cancer across National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk groups.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine whether African Americans (AAs) with intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) receive similar treatment as white patients and whether any observed disparities are narrowing with time. METHODS:We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results to identify 128,189 men with localized inter...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mahal BA,Aizer AA,Ziehr DR,Hyatt AS,Sammon JD,Schmid M,Choueiri TK,Hu JC,Sweeney CJ,Beard CJ,D'Amico AV,Martin NE,Kim SP,Trinh QD,Nguyen PL

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Cancer in Patients With and Without a History of Pelvic Irradiation: Survival Outcomes and Diversion-related Complications.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare survival outcomes and diversion-related complications of patients with and without a history of pelvic irradiation who underwent radical cystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Three hundred sixty-four patients underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer (BCa) from July 2001 to September 2013. Thirty...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nguyen DP,Al Hussein Al Awamlh B,Faltas BM,O'Malley P,Ayangbesan A,Inoyatov IM,Scherr DS

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the pancreas: a single-institution series and review of the literature.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To present a series of 5 patients with solitary metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the pancreas after radical nephrectomy at our institution and review the published reports of this rare event. METHODS:A retrospective review of the records of 5 patients with histologically confirmed RCC metastatic to ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kassabian A,Stein J,Jabbour N,Parsa K,Skinner D,Parekh D,Cosenza C,Selby R

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00