Female reproductive function in areas affected by radiation after the Chernobyl power station accident.

Abstract:

:This paper reports the results of a comprehensive survey of the effects of the accidental release of radiation caused by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in April 1986. The accident and the resulting release of radiation and radioactive products into the atmosphere produced the most serious environmental contamination so far recorded. We have concentrated on evaluating the outcomes and health risks to women, their reproductive situation, and consequences for their progeny. We have concentrated on two well-defined areas: the Chechersky district of the Gomel region in Belorussia and the Polessky district of the Kiev region in the Ukraine. A number of investigations were carried out on 688 pregnant women and their babies, and data were obtained from 7000 labor histories of the development of newborns for a period of 8 years (3 years before the accident and 5 years after it). Parameters examined included birth rate, thyroid pathology, extragenital pathology such as anemias, renal disorders, hypertension, and abnormalities in the metabolism of fats, complications of gestation, spontaneous abortions, premature deliveries, perinatal morbidity and mortality, stillbirths and early neonatal mortality, infections and inflammatory diseases, neurological symptoms and hemic disturbances in both mothers and infants, trophic anomalies, and biochemical and structural changes in the placenta. Several exogenous, complicating influences were also considered such as psycho-emotional factors, stress, lifestyle changes, and others caused directly by the hazardous situation and by its consequences such as treatment, removal from affected areas, etc.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

authors

Kulakov VI,Sokur TN,Volobuev AI,Tzibulskaya IS,Malisheva VA,Zikin BI,Ezova LC,Belyaeva LA,Bonartzev PD,Speranskaya NV

doi

10.1289/ehp.93101s2117

subject

Has Abstract,Author List Incomplete

pub_date

1993-07-01 00:00:00

pages

117-23

eissn

0091-6765

issn

1552-9924

journal_volume

101 Suppl 2

pub_type

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