Pathogen profile in men with inflammation of paraurethral glands.


OBJECTIVE:To investigate the pathogen profile in men with inflammation of the paraurethral glands. METHODS:We enrolled 40 patients with first-onset, drug-naive inflammation of the paraurethral glands. Discharge from the lesions was collected for Gram staining. Microscopy was performed for screening for trichomonads and detecting Gram-negative intracellular diplococci within phagocytes. Cultures for detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Ureaplasma urealyticum and other bacteria, and Chlamydia-trachomatis-associated antigens were performed. PCR was conducted for herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2. RESULTS:From these 40 patients, there were nine microbial species, which included Gram-negative bacteria (23 cases, 54.8%), Gram-positive bacteria (15 cases, 35.7%) and other pathogens (4 cases, 9.5%). The top three pathogens were gonococci (38.1%), Staphylococcus aureus (16.7%) and Escherichia coli (14.3%). CONCLUSIONS:Inflammation of paraurethral glands in men may be caused by a variety of pathogens and not just by gonococcal infection.


Sex Transm Infect


Fan W,Zhang Q,Jiang T




Has Abstract


2014-02-01 00:00:00














  • High burden of chlamydia and gonorrhoea in pharyngeal, rectal and urethral sites among Thai transgender women: implications for anatomical site selection for the screening of STI.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Comprehensive data on Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infections to guide screening services among transgender women (TGW) are limited. We studied the burden of CT/NG infections in pharyngeal, rectal and urethral sites of Thai TGW and determined missed CT/NG diagnoses if selected sit...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hiransuthikul A,Janamnuaysook R,Sungsing T,Jantarapakde J,Trachunthong D,Mills S,Vannakit R,Phanuphak P,Phanuphak N

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • HIV in female sex workers in five border provinces of Vietnam.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the prevalence of HIV and associated risk factors among female sex workers (FSWs) in border provinces of Vietnam. METHODS:911 FSWs in five border provinces of Vietnam (Lai Chau, Quang Tri, Dong Thap, An Giang, and Kien Giang) were enrolled in a cross sectional study. Subjects were interviewed u...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Thuong NV,Nhung VT,Nghia KV,Tram LT,O'Farrell N

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Herpes simplex type 2 infection in a cohort aged 21 years.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To measure the prevalence of HSV-2 antibodies in a birth cohort of 21 year old New Zealanders from whom detailed sexual histories had been obtained, and to assess the potential for HSV-2 serology in characterising a young adult population's risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STD). METHODS:Sera from 784...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eberhart-Phillips J,Dickson NP,Paul C,Fawcett JP,Holland D,Taylor J,Cunningham AL

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • New sexually transmitted infections among adolescent girls infected with HIV.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among girls infected with HIV has been reported, the incidence of STI diagnoses has not been well documented. The objectives of this study were to examine (1) incident STI diagnoses and (2) the association between viral load (VL) and incident ...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Trent M,Chung SE,Ellen JM,Clum G,Adolescent HIV\/AIDS Trials Network.

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Markers of local immunity in cervico-vaginal secretions of HIV infected women: implications for HIV shedding.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To link local proinflammatory cytokines with HIV related nucleic acids in cervico-vaginal secretions and the factors associated with them. METHODS:An observational study on 60 HIV positive women attending the department of obstetrics and gynaecology, University of Pavia, Italy. HIV-1 RNA in plasma, proviral...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zara F,Nappi RE,Brerra R,Migliavacca R,Maserati R,Spinillo A

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of risk factors in HIV-infected men who have sex with men, coinfected or not with hepatitis C virus (ANRS VESPA2 French cross-sectional national survey).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:HIV-infected men who have sex with men (HIV-MSM) are at high risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study aimed to compare risk factors between HIV-MSM coinfected with HCV and those who are not, in a national representative survey conducted in France. METHODS:The ANRS VESPA2 survey (April 2011-Janu...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marcellin F,Lorente N,Demoulin B,Carrieri MP,Suzan-Monti M,Roux P,Lert F,Sagaon-Teyssier L,Dray-Spira R,Spire B,ANRS VESPA2 Study Group.

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Risk of HIV infection among male sex workers in Spain.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess HIV prevalence and predictive factors for HIV among male sex workers in Spain. METHODS:In this study we analysed all male sex workers who visited HIV testing clinics in 19 Spanish cities between 2000 and 2002. The information was obtained during examination by means of a brief questionnaire. For re...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Belza MJ

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • Can we improve partner notification rates through expedited partner therapy in the UK? Findings from an exploratory trial of Accelerated Partner Therapy (APT).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To develop two new models of expedited partner therapy for the UK, and evaluate them for feasibility, acceptability and preliminary outcome estimates to inform the design of a randomised controlled trial (RCT). METHODS:Two models of expedited partner therapy (APTHotline and APTPharmacy), known as 'Accelerat...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Estcourt C,Sutcliffe L,Cassell J,Mercer CH,Copas A,James L,Low N,Horner P,Clarke M,Symonds M,Roberts T,Tsourapas A,Johnson AM

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • What is the overlap between HIV and shigellosis epidemics in England: further evidence of MSM transmission?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Evidence suggests that sexual transmission between men has replaced foreign travel as the predominant mode of Shigella transmission in England. However, sexuality and HIV status are not routinely recorded for laboratory-reported Shigella, and the role of HIV in the Shigella epidemic is not well understood. ...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mohan K,Hibbert M,Rooney G,Canvin M,Childs T,Jenkins C,Simms I,Kirwan P,Delpech V,Yin Z,Hughes G,Field N

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Low gonorrhoea antimicrobial resistance and culture positivity rates in general practice: a pilot study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In the Netherlands, the Gonococcal Resistance to Antimicrobials Surveillance (GRAS) programme is carried out at Centres for Sexual Health (CSH), which provide care for sexual high-risk populations. However, half of gonorrhoea infections are diagnosed in general practice (GP). We performed a pilot study to exp...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Visser M,van Westreenen M,van Bergen J,van Benthem BHB

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Homosexual men's HIV related sexual risk behaviour in Scotland.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To date, the epidemic of HIV infection in Scotland has been primarily associated with injecting drug use. However, the epidemiology of HIV in Scotland changed in the late 1980s, with homosexual men becoming the largest group at risk of HIV infection and AIDS. Our aim was to describe homosexual men's sexual ri...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hart GJ,Flowers P,Der GJ,Frankis JS

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemiology of ciprofloxacin resistant isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Scotland 2002: a comparison of phenotypic and genotypic analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To characterise all isolates with reduced susceptibility or resistance to ciprofloxacin received by the Scottish Neisseria gonorrhoeae Reference Laboratory (SNGRL) in 2002 using N gonorrhoeae multi-antigen sequence typing (NG-MAST); to compare NG-MAST with conventional typing and to describe the epidemiology...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palmer HM,Young H,Martin IM,Ison CA,Spratt BG

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Decreasing STD incidence and increasing condom use among Chinese sex workers following a short term intervention: a prospective cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the impact of a repeating behavioural intervention focused on preventive education and provision of STD testing and treatment services to female sex workers. METHODS:A prospective cohort study of 966 sex workers (first of its kind in China) was conducted in Guangzhou from March 1998 to October 19...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ma S,Dukers NH,van den Hoek A,Yuliang F,Zhiheng C,Jiangting F,Lina Z,Xiuxing Z

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • The descriptive epidemiology of male sex workers in Pakistan: a biological and behavioural examination.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:There is a dearth of published information on the characteristics of sex workers in Pakistan. This study sought to characterise and compare hijra and non-hijra sex workers from eight large cities in Pakistan. DESIGN:χ(2) and Kruskal-Wallis tests, and multivariable logistic regression were used where appropr...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shaw SY,Emmanuel F,Adrien A,Holte-McKenzie M,Archibald CP,Sandstrom P,Blanchard JF

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Surveillance of HIV in the army of the Republic of Cyprus (SHARC); rationale, design, and implementation of an inexpensive system.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To design and implement an HIV surveillance system using periodic cross sectional prevalence surveys in National Guard recruits of the Republic of Cyprus. METHODS:HIV infection surveillance used unlinked anonymous screening (UAS) methodology, which tested residual blood originally collected for other purpos...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kyriakides T,Eleftheriou A,Michaelides N,Papantoniou L

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Which azithromycin regimen should be used for treating Mycoplasma genitalium? A meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is increasing evidence that azithromycin 1 g is driving the emergence of macrolide resistance in Mycoplasma genitalium worldwide. We undertook a meta-analysis of M. genitalium treatment studies using azithromycin 1 g single dose and azithromycin 500 mg on day 1 then 250 mg daily for 4 days (5-day regim...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Horner P,Ingle SM,Garrett F,Blee K,Kong F,Muir P,Moi H

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Contribution of sexual practices (other than anal sex) to bacterial sexually transmitted infection transmission in men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional analysis using electronic health records.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We quantified the proportion of cases and risk of primary syphilis (PS), urethral chlamydia (UCT) and urethral gonorrhoea (UGC) attributable to sexual practices other than anal sex. METHODS:In this cross-sectional study, electronic records for men who have sex with men (MSM) who attended the Melbourne Sexual...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nash JL,Hocking JS,Read TR,Chen MY,Bradshaw CS,Forcey DS,Fairley CK

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • The case for further treatment studies of uncomplicated genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection.

    abstract::Azithromycin 1 g immediately and doxycycline 100 mg twice daily have good antimicrobial activity against Chlamydia trachomatis and treatment studies have demonstrated a >95% microbiological cure at 2-5 weeks, with antimicrobial resistance being rarely reported. Recently an 8% (95%, CI 5% to 11%) failure rate was obser...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Horner P

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cross-sectional survey of treatment practices for urethritis at pharmacies, private clinics and government health facilities in coastal Kenya: many missed opportunities for HIV prevention.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are important cofactors for HIV transmission, STI control has received little attention in recent years. The aim of this study was to assess STI treatment and HIV testing referral practices among health providers in Kenya. METHODS:In 2011 we assessed qu...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mugo PM,Duncan S,Mwaniki SW,Thiong'o AN,Gichuru E,Okuku HS,van der Elst EM,Smith AD,Graham SM,Sanders EJ

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Awareness of post-exposure HIV prophylaxis in high-risk men who have sex with men in New York City.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To understand the factors associated with knowledge of non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), bathhouse patrons in New York City (NYC) were surveyed. METHODS:554 men who have sex with men (MSM) at two NYC bathhouses were given a standardised survey focused on ...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mehta SA,Silvera R,Bernstein K,Holzman RS,Aberg JA,Daskalakis DC

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Discordance of HIV and HSV-2 biomarkers and self-reported sexual behaviour among orphan adolescents in Western Kenya.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This paper examines the discordance between biological data of HIV and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections and self-reported questionnaire responses among orphan adolescents in Western Kenya. METHODS:In 2011, 837 orphan adolescents from 26 primary schools were enrolled in an HIV prevention trial....

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Cho H,Luseno W,Halpern C,Zhang L,Mbai I,Milimo B,Hallfors DD

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • What men who have sex with men think about the human papillomavirus vaccine.

    abstract::This study aimed to ascertain the attitudes of men who have sex with men (MSM) to the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and to determine the age at which MSM would be willing to ask for the HPV vaccine in relation to their age of sexual debut. Of 205 MSM attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre between December 2...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simatherai D,Bradshaw CS,Fairley CK,Bush M,Heley S,Chen MY

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium and macrolide resistance among asymptomatic people visiting a point of care service for rapid STI screening: a cross-sectional study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although rapid screening and treatment programmes have been recently implemented to tackle STIs, testing Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) among asymptomatic populations is not currently recommended due to the lack of scientific evidence and the emergence of antibiotic resistance. The main objective of this study w...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernández-Huerta M,Barberá MJ,Esperalba J,Fernandez-Naval C,Vall-Mayans M,Arando M,Serra-Pladevall J,Broto C,Zarzuela F,Rando A,Pumarola T,Espasa M

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections in female prostitutes in Dakar, Senegal.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the validity and performance of a number of rapid indicators for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in female prostitutes in Dakar, Senegal; characteristics of these indicators were rapidly obtainable, easy to perform, accurate, useful at district level, and reasonable cost. MET...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ndoye I,Mboup S,De Schryver A,Van Dyck E,Moran J,Samb ND,Sakho ML,Thior I,Wade A,Heymann DL,Meheus A

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • European course on HPV associated pathology: guidelines for primary care physicians for the diagnosis and management of anogenital warts.

    abstract::The European Course on HPV Associated Pathology (ECHPV) was founded in 1990 by a group of clinicians, pathologists, and virologists to teach important principles for the practice and management of human papillomavirus (HPV) disease to gynaecologists, dermatologists, and other medical disciplines. These guidelines are ...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 指南,杂志文章,实务指引


    authors: von Krogh G,Lacey CJ,Gross G,Barrasso R,Schneider A

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Safety and acceptability of vaginal disinfection with benzalkonium chloride in HIV infected pregnant women in west Africa: ANRS 049b phase II randomized, double blinded placebo controlled trial. DITRAME Study Group.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To study the tolerance and acceptability in Africa of a perinatal intervention to prevent vertical HIV transmission using benzalkonium chloride disinfection. DESIGN:A randomized, double blinded phase II trial. SETTING:Prenatal care units in Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire) and Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). PATIEN...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Msellati P,Meda N,Leroy V,Likikouët R,Van de Perre P,Cartoux M,Bonard D,Ouangre A,Combe P,Gautier-Charpentier L,Sylla-Koko F,Lassalle R,Dosso M,Welffens-Ekra C,Dabis F,Mandelbrot L

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence of curable sexually transmissible infections among adolescents and young adults in remote Australian Aboriginal communities: analysis of longitudinal clinical service data.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To undertake the first comprehensive analysis of the incidence of three curable sexually transmissible infections (STIs) within remote Australian Aboriginal populations and provide a basis for developing new control initiatives. METHODS:We obtained all results for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonor...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silver BJ,Guy RJ,Wand H,Ward J,Rumbold AR,Fairley CK,Donovan B,Maher L,Dyda A,Garton L,Hengel B,Knox J,McGregor S,Taylor-Thomson D,Kaldor JM,STRIVE investigators.

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology and costs associated with genital warts in Canada.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Genital warts (condyloma acuminatum) remain one of the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infections (STI) worldwide. Most genital warts are caused by non-oncogenic human papilloma virus. Recurrence is common and many patients receive several rounds of treatment. There are limited data in the litera...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marra F,Ogilvie G,Colley L,Kliewer E,Marra CA

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • The incidence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection in women attending nine sexually transmitted diseases clinics in the USA.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Trichomoniasis (TV) is associated with an increased risk of acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV. The purpose of this study is to evaluate factors associated with incidence TV among female STD clinic attendees in the USA. METHODS:Data were collected from women participating in a rando...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Alcaide ML,Feaster DJ,Duan R,Cohen S,Diaz C,Castro JG,Golden MR,Henn S,Colfax GN,Metsch LR

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Sorting out the new HSV type specific antibody tests.

    abstract::This review will delineate performance characteristics and limitations, as far as they are known, of the new glycoprotein G based, type specific HSV serologies. Several of these tests have been FDA approved in the United States for use in adults. With the departure of Gull/Meridian from the HSV serology market, it is ...

    journal_title:Sexually transmitted infections

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ashley RL

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00