[A clinical comparative study of tyndallometry using 2 laser flare meters].


BACKGROUND:The laser flare meter FM-500 (Kowa, diode laser, 670 nm) is a simplified version of the laser flare-cell meter FC-1000 (Kowa, He-Ne laser, 632.8 nm). the aim of this study was to compare flare measurements of the laser flare meter FC-500 with the established laser flare-cell meter FC-1000 and to determine the reproducibility of both instruments in vivo. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Ten eyes of 10 normal subjects (mean age 32.2 +/- 8.0 y) and 21 eyes of 21 patients (mean age 36.7 +/- 17.2 y) with various forms of uveitis were included in the study. Aqueous flare was quantified using the laser flare-cell meter FC-1000 and the laser flare meter FM-500 by one examiner under comparable conditions. The selection of eyes as well as the order of the examinations were done in a randomized fashion. Measurements with both instruments were repeated the following day in normal eyes. Statistical analysis was done using linear regression analysis, intraclass correlation and U-test. RESULTS:Flare values (photon counts/ms) did not differ significantly between the instruments either for normal eyes (3.3 +/- 0.4 vs 3.5 +/- 0.6) or for eyes with uveitis (16.2 +/- 9.0 vs 16.4 +/- 8.7). A high correlation of flare counts between both instruments was observed in normal eyes (r = 0.73, p < 0.001) and a very high correlation in eyes (R = 0.99, p < 0.0001) with mildly to moderately increased counts (< 50 photon counts/ms). Differences between flare values of both instruments were -0.17 +/- 0.4, range -0.8 +/- 0.6 in the normal eyes and -0.23 +/- 1.38, range -3.1 +/- 3.4 in the patients with mildly to moderately increased flare counts. However, flare counts differed for very high aqueous flare in one patient with acute fibrinous iridocyclitis with the FM-500 indicating higher values. The intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.70 for the FC-1000 and 0.76 for the FM-500 in normal eyes and 0.99 for both instruments in eyes with uveitis. CONCLUSIONS:In eyes without or with mild to moderate breakdown of the blood-aqueous barrier, the two instruments give comparable results. However, measurements may differ in eyes with high flare readings.


Klin Monbl Augenheilkd


Nguyen NX,Martus P,Küchle M




Has Abstract


1996-08-01 00:00:00












  • [Post-surgical treatment after non-penetrating glaucoma surgery: the goniopuncture].

    abstract::Non-penetrating glaucoma surgery was primarily developed as an alternative to the widely applied trabeculectomy. Since the anterior chamber in non-penetrating surgery is not directly opened, common postoperative complications such as hypotony are rare. The most frequently applied technique in this group is the deep sc...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Gesser C,Klemm M

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Luetic papilledema].

    abstract::Although luetic ocular changes are rarely seen today they should not be neglected in differential diagnosis. Luetic papilledema is extremely rare and neurologic symptoms may be minor. A clinically observed case is described. ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bodechtel G,Lund OE

    更新日期:1979-12-01 00:00:00

  • [The effect of lens haptics on postoperative anterior chamber depth in PMMA posterior chamber lenses].

    abstract::In two groups of patients with two different posterior chamber intraocular lenses, very different correlations were found between postoperative and calculated anterior chamber depth, and between postoperative anterior chamber depth and axial length. Since it has long been known that there are positive correlations bet...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thill-Schwaninger M,Giers U

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Spasm of accommodation in a patient with increased intracranial pressure and pineal cyst.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In the setting of a normal neurological examination, accommodation spasm is frequently attributed to a non-organic etiology. Occasionally, organic disorders are associated. In particular, central lesions involving the dorsal midbrain and quadrigeminal plate have been described with disorders of accommodation...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kawasaki A,Borruat FX

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Ocular involvement in MuSK antibody-positive myasthenia gravis].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Antibodies (Ab) against the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) are found in 80 - 90 % of generalized myasthenia gravis (MG), but only in 50 % of pure ocular MG. Furthermore, Ab against the muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase (MuSK) were detected in 38 - 54 % of patients with AChR-Ab-negative ("seronegative")...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bau V,Hanisch F,Hain B,Zierz S

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing Short-Duration Electro-Oculograms with and without Mydriasis in Healthy Subjects.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In order to obtain artifact-free electro-oculogram recordings the subject's cooperation is necessary. The aim of our study is to evaluate the recording characteristics of short-duration EOG and to compare the effect of mydriasis on electro-oculogram recordings in a cohort of controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS:E...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Türksever C,Orgül S,Todorova MG

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • The value of white blood cell count in patients with swollen discs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A broad differential diagnosis has to be considered in a patient with swollen discs. Myeloproliferative disorders such as leukemia and lymphoma can in rare cases cause infiltrative optic neuropathy. HISTORY AND SIGNS:Two patients initially presented with slowly progressive severe visual loss. History was un...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wirth MG,Bergamin O,Goede JS,Landau K

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Checking and clinical application of time gain compensation (TGC) in diagnostic ultrasonography (author's transl)].

    abstract::The usefulness of TGC depends on the scanning technique. The A- and B-scan echograms of the orbit can show much more detailed information of the orbital structures, if TGC and a corresponding scanning technique are applied. The sound beam should be directed preferably through the center of the eyeball to keep the leng...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buschmann W,Linnert D

    更新日期:1977-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Minimizing induction of astigmatism in preoperative spherical cornea a. by mini-incision surgery with foldable IOL and b. by corneal tunnel incision with limbal relaxing incision].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In case of a spheric cornea preoperatively the refractive effect of a clear corneal cataract incision is undesirable. We studied two actual techniques to minimize the surgically induced astigmatism. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Temporal clear corneal incision was performed in 77 patients with practically spherical ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Müller-Jensen K,Fischer P

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Pressure-reducing effect of latanoprost 0.005%].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Earlier studies in monkeys have shown that latanoprost 0.005% lowers the IOP by improving the uveoscleral Outflow. We wanted to know if this is also the case in the human eye. PATIENTS AND METHODS:We used our new aqueous humor outflow test with 2-nitrophenyl-acetate in 9 healthy human volunteers, mean age 3...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Albach C,Wachsmuth ED,Velte K,Dekker P,Robert Y

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Hemorrhagic secondary glaucoma after central venous thrombosis].

    abstract::Patients suffering from neovascular glaucoma who had been treated at the First Vienna University Eye Clinic in the years 1966-1979 were analyzed recently in a retrospective study. The present paper concentrates on 144 cases of hemorrhagic secondary glaucoma after central venous thrombosis. It considers only those pati...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Drobec P

    更新日期:1983-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Use of a new optoelectronic vision aid for highly visually handicapped patients].

    abstract:UNLABELLED:A new low vision aid (LVA)-the Low Vision Enhancement System or LVES, which were as developed at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, is now commercially available. This instrument allows a magnification up to 10 times with control of contrast and luminance while the field of view is very large: 60 x 4...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rohrschneider K,Bruder I,Aust R,Blankenagel A

    更新日期:1997-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Polyglactin 910 implants in muscle revision surgery for the reconstruction of physiologic limits in Tenon's capsule].

    abstract::Iatrogenic damage to the orbital fascial system during strabismus surgery may lead to adherences with resulting problems of motility. To prevent new adherences in revisional surgery, several materials were tried, with varying degrees of success. The authors tested Polyglactin 910, popular as a suture material in strab...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmidt T,Hofmann H,Spiessl S

    更新日期:1988-09-01 00:00:00

  • [The Fieldmaster-200 computer perimeter: a comparative, controlled clinical study of its sensitivity and specificity in glaucomatous field defects (author's transl)].

    abstract::The central visual fields of 119 glaucomatous eyes (78 patients) were evaluated under controlled conditions using the Goldmann kinetic perimeter and the Fieldmaster-200 automatic supra-threshold computer perimeter. Where there were qualitative differences between the two instruments, the high-resolution program 61 of ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Krieglstein GK,Glaab E,Gramer E

    更新日期:1981-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Pars plana vitrectomy in proliferative diabetic retinopathy].

    abstract::In this contribution the authors present the results of treatment by pars plana vitrectomy in a consecutive series of 200 patients with proliferative retinopathy. Anatomical success was achieved in 82% of the cases of simple vitreous hemorrhages, in 63% and 67% respectively of the cases of traction detachment with or ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krampitz-Glaas G,Laqua H

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • [External trabeculecomy (ETE): an alternative? A retrospective comparison with goniotrepanation].

    abstract:PURPOSE:The purpose of this retrospective study is to compare the results of deep sclerectomy versus trabeculectomy for IOP reduction and the respective complication rates. METHODS:199 patients were treated by deep sclerectomy and 80 patients by trabeculectomy between 2000 and 2005. Retrospective results for IOP reduc...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eschstruth P,Schmidt J

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Possibilities of microsurgery on ophthalmic vessels (author's transl)].

    abstract::Ciliary arteries, isolated from the eyes of human cadavers, were incised or severed under the microscope in order to test the technical possibilities of placing sutures or creating leak-proof anastomoses in ophthalmic vessels. Commercially available, minute atraumatic needles and 10-0 "Ethilon" or 15-0 Supramid suture...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gundorowa RA,Galtschin AS

    更新日期:1980-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Switching the Treatment Regime from PRN (pro re nata, as needed) to T&E (Treat and Extend) for Intravitreal Therapy with Anti-VEGF Agents in Private Practice or Small Institutions].

    abstract::In everyday practice, intravitreal therapy in an "as needed" regimen (pro re nata, PRN) is less predictable and requires more visits (monitoring and injections taken together) with poorer functional results than with the treat and extend (T&E) regimen. Current literature supports the benefit of a switch. However, prac...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Imesch P,Sarra GM

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Postoperative microstrabismus: performance accuracy in spatial depth].

    abstract::Thirty-six patients with postoperative microstrabismus (24 of them without or with only a slight amblyopia, 12 with severe unilateral amblyopia) and three control groups (normal binocular, long-term monocular, and inexperienced monocular subjects) were tested by their ability to hit 14 vertical sticks set in varied po...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haase W,Wermann O

    更新日期:1985-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Duration of Examination and Patient Comfort with a New Biometric Device, in Comparison to Three Established Devices].

    abstract:PURPOSE:The aim of this study was to evaluate the duration of the preoperative examination and patient comfort in measurements with an Image Guided System (Verion, Alcon), which is used for the calculation and intraoperative alignment of toric intraocular lenses, in comparison to established keratometry devices. PATIE...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomas BC,Müller A,Auffarth GU,Holzer MP

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Unilateral type III (Hida) lattice stromal corneal dystrophy].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:All three types of lattice stromal dystrophy of the cornea use to appear bilaterally. We report on two patients with an unilateral manifestation of type III. PATIENTS:A 54 and a 87-years-old man presented a strictly unilateral atypical lattice dystrophy of the cornea and suffered from corneal erosion. Strik...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seitz B,Weidle E,Naumann GO

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Lymphatic congestion of the conjunctiva after pre-auricular lymph node excision].

    abstract:PATIENT:A 68-year-old woman presented with massive congestion of lymphatic vessels of temporal inferior conjunctiva two months after extirpation of the parotic gland for an aciniform epithelioma on the same side. Clinical findings of the right and left eye were unremarkable otherwise. The congestion resolved spontaneou...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gugutschkova P,Angelov B

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Inverted In Vitro Confocal Microscopy in Mycotic Keratitis with Corneal Endothelial Epithelial Decompensation].

    abstract::The sensitivity of confocal microscopy ranges between 80 and 90% and thus lies above the sensitivity of pathogen identification by microbiological culture. Typically, in vivo confocal microscopy enables us to diagnose mycotic keratitis non-invasively and atraumatically on the day of admission. Herein we present a pati...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daas L,Seitz B,Zimpfer A,Bischoff M,Viestenz A

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Complete or peripheral iridectomy in acute glaucoma? (author's transl)].

    abstract::The re-examinations of 28 complete sector and 27 peripheral iridectomies, performed because of acute glaucoma, showed an equally good regulation of IOP from both methods, even in longstanding cases (stadium III of Leydhecker) and when an operation during an attack is necessary. The postoperative reduction in vision ma...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tillmann W,Mirmontazeri M

    更新日期:1976-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Laser treatment of diabetic maculopathy].

    abstract::The authors report on the techniques of laser treatment of diabetic maculopathy: focal direct laser coagulation of I.R.M.A. in exudative maculopathy; laser grid photocoagulation in edematous maculopathy. ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giovannini A,Costantini G,Amato GP,Bottazzi M

    更新日期:1986-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Blepharospasm treatment with botulinum toxin (follow-up)].

    abstract::Within a period of 14 months 73 patients with idiopathic blepharospasm which could not be treated satisfactorily by any other form of therapy were treated by injections of botulin toxin. In 55 cases the follow-up period was sufficiently long to permit an evaluation. Thirty-five patients were temporarily completely fre...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roggenkämper P

    更新日期:1986-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Selective thrombophilia screening of young patients with retinal vein occlusion].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The potential impact of coagulation abnormalities on retinal vascular occlusive diseases, individually and in combination with cardiovascular risk factors, remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS:In a prospective case-control study a cohort of 74 young patients with central, hemicentral or branch retinal vein...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuhli-Hattenbach C,Scharrer I,Lüchtenberg M,Hattenbach LO

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Are there genuine and pseudo-normal pressure glaucomas? Body position-dependent intraocular pressure values in normal pressure glaucoma].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Elevation of intraocular pressure in the supine position has been previously described in literature. Aim of this study is to investigate the elevation of intraocular pressure in normal tension glaucoma and its effect on the morphology of the optic disc, visual field function and capillary blood flow of the ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mardin CY,Jonas J,Michelson G,Jünemann A

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Basics for the Preparation of an Ophthalmological Expert Assessment].

    abstract::The position of the ophthalmologist as an unbiased and impartial expert in the field of tension between the client and the patient is a responsible task that should not be underestimated. Since the ophthalmological expert assessment often has far-reaching legal and financial consequences, it is very important that it ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: von Livonius B

    更新日期:2019-04-18 00:00:00

  • Increasing the size of a small peripheral iridotomy widens the anterior chamber angle: an ultrasound biomicroscopy study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:A peripheral iridotomy (PI) is the treatment of choice for pupillary block. In this study we investigated the effect of enlarging the size of a small PI on the anterior chamber angle in patients with angle closure using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). PATIENTS AND METHODS:Patients who had been treated with las...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bochmann F,Johnson Z,Atta HR,Azuara-Blanco A

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00