Outcomes for patients undergoing one or more total hip and knee arthroplasties.

Abstract:

:Either total hip arthroplasty (THA), total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or both were performed in 105 patients from 1981 to 1994. These patients were experiencing severe joint destruction in the lower extremities due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These patients were followed for more than 2 years after their last operation. Eighty-six patients were alive and 19 patients had died at the time of follow-up. The 86 living patients were divided into four groups based on the number of replaced joints. Their pre- and postoperative conditions, including such factors as pain, mobility and disability for the quality of life (QOL), were compared. All of the four groups showed some reduction in pain and disability, and an improvement in ambulation after the operations. The 19 deceased patients were classified into two groups, one including those with multiple (three or four) arthroplasties and the other, those with only a small number (one or two). The mean age at death was lower (55.7+/-6.2 years) in patients with multiple arthroplasties than that (69.1+/-7.5 years) in patients with only a small number of arthroplasties. Secondary diseases from RA, such as amyloidosis, spinal injury and pulmonary fibrosis, were found to be the primary cause of death in patients with multiple arthroplasties. The most important finding in this study is that although RA patients with multiple arthroplasties in the lower extremities improved their QOL, they were still afflicted with secondary diseases derived from RA and experienced complications that could shorten their lifespan.

journal_name

Clin Rheumatol

journal_title

Clinical rheumatology

authors

Kageyama Y,Miyamoto S,Ozeki T,Hiyoshi M,Kushida K,Inoue T

doi

10.1007/BF01452259

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1998-01-01 00:00:00

pages

130-4

issue

2

eissn

0770-3198

issn

1434-9949

journal_volume

17

pub_type

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