Antipyrine clearance in chronic and neoplastic liver diseases: a study of 518 patients.

Abstract:

:Antipyrine metabolism is widely used as an index of the drug-metabolizing reserve of the liver. It is well known that metabolism of this drug is impaired in subjects with acute hepatitis or cirrhosis, but conflicting data have been reported regarding patients with chronic postinfectious hepatitis or liver cancer. We studied conventional liver-function parameters and antipyrine metabolism (antipyrine per o.s. 18 mg/kg) in 518 subjects. One hundred and one patients had liver metastases (various primaries). Based on the number and size of lesions, the hepatic involvement was considered minimal in 47 and massive in 54 (groups B1 and B2, respectively). One hundred and two had chronic active hepatitis (CAH); 51 patients with histological evidence of fibrosis/early cirrhosis and 51 patients were without histological evidence of fibrosis/early cirrhosis. Ninety-two had histologically confirmed cirrhosis (group D), and the remaining 120 had cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (group E). The control group was composed of 103 subjects with healthy livers (group A). Antipyrine clearance (AP Cl) in CAH patients with fibrosis (0.246 +/- 0.98 mL/min per kg) was similar to that observed in patients with cirrhosis (0.223 +/- 0.148 mL/min per kg), and both values were significantly lower than that found in CAH patients without fibrosis (0.406 +/- 0.159 mL/min per kg, P < 0.01). Antipyrine clearance in patients with liver metastases (0.426 +/- 0.174 mL/min per kg) was similar to that of the healthy group (0.489 +/- 0.210 mL/min per kg). Cirrhotics and cirrhotics with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) presented similar degrees of impairment. Antipyrine clearance was positively correlated with serum albumin (r2 = 0.10, P = 0.01) and prothrombin time (r2 = 0.129, P < 0.01) in all groups, except those with liver metastases. In patients with CAH, the presence of fibrosis/cirrhosis is associated with impaired antipyrine metabolism. The lack of impairment in groups with liver metastases suggests that the functional hepatic reserve is maintained even in the presence of massive neoplastic invasion.

authors

Grieco A,Castellano R,Matera A,Marcoccia S,Di Rocco P,Ragazzoni E,Vecchio FM,Gasbarrini G

doi

10.1111/j.1440-1746.1998.tb00668.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1998-05-01 00:00:00

pages

460-6

issue

5

eissn

0815-9319

issn

1440-1746

journal_volume

13

pub_type

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