A comparison of the effects of 50 MeVd leads to be neutron and cobalt-60 irradiation of the kidneys of rhesus monkeys.


:Twenty rhesus monkeys had one kidney irradiated (after undergoing unilateral nephrectomies) with one of four doses: 960 or 1080 rads of 50 MeVd leads to Be neutrons, or 2350 or 2700 rads of 60Co. Whereas animals treated with the lower dose of neutrons or 60Co are alive with relatively normal renal function, those treated with the higher dose of neutrons died of radiation nephritis. Animals treated with the higher dose of 60Co developed radiation nephritis but survived. The physiological and histopathological changes of radiation nephritis secondary to neutron irradiation are not qualitatively different from those reported for radiation nephritis secondary to photon irradiation.






Raulston GL,Gray KN,Gleiser CA,Jardine JH,Flow BL,Huchton JI,Bennett KR,Hussey DH




Has Abstract


1978-07-01 00:00:00












  • Lymphomas and high-grade astrocytomas: comparison of water diffusibility and histologic characteristics.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To determine if water diffusivity within lymphomas and high-grade astrocytomas correlates with cellularity. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Echo-planar diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained in 11 patients with brain lymphomas (19 lesions) and in 17 patients with astrocytomas (19 lesions) were retros...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guo AC,Cummings TJ,Dash RC,Provenzale JM

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Case 224: Cardiac Involvement in Erdheim-Chester Disease.

    abstract::History A 61-year-old man with no relevant medical history was admitted to the emergency department with symptoms of congestive heart failure and a 1-week history of chest pain, progressive dyspnea, abdominal swelling, bipedal edema, and anorexia. Laboratory test results, including complete blood count and electrolyte...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Miguel Criado J,Aguilera Del Hoyo LF,García Del Salto L,Cueva Pérez E,Casado Cerrada J,Nieto Llanos S,Porro Fernández JC,Fraga Rivas P

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Recurrent colorectal carcinoma: evaluation with barium enema examination and CT.

    abstract::The efficacy of the barium enema examination and abdominal computed tomography (CT) was investigated in 81 patients who had undergone operation for colorectal carcinoma. Recurrent disease was found in 52 patients and was divided into local (anastomotic and perianastomotic) and remote (distant and hepatic metastases) t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen YM,Ott DJ,Wolfman NT,Gelfand DW,Karsteadt N,Bechtold RE

    更新日期:1987-05-01 00:00:00

  • US depiction of partial-thickness tear of the rotator cuff.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To test previously defined ultrasound (US) criteria for identification of partial-thickness tears of the rotator cuff. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Before shoulder arthroscopy, 52 patients with shoulder pain for more than 3 months were examined with a 7.5-MHz commercially available linear-array transducer and a stand...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Holsbeeck MT,Kolowich PA,Eyler WR,Craig JG,Shirazi KK,Habra GK,Vanderschueren GM,Bouffard JA

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical and dosimetric considerations in the radiation treatment of breast cancer.

    abstract::Preliminary results indicate that film dosimetry is a simple and precise method of determining volume dose distributions. Calculated dose distributions using computers or estimations of surface dose using TLD dosimeters are within 5% of the measured dose. Initial attempts to find suitable alternate techniques tailored...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mansfield CM,Ayyangar K,Suntharalingam N

    更新日期:1976-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ureteropelvic junction obstruction: treatment with percutaneous endopyelotomy.

    abstract::The authors review their experience with percutaneous endopyelotomy in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Twenty-four patients with symptoms of ureteropelvic junction obstruction underwent excretory urography, which revealed nonspecific narrowing in several cases. Angiography was performed in 14 pati...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bush WH,Brannen GE,Lewis GP

    更新日期:1989-05-01 00:00:00

  • Complications after emergency tube thoracostomy: assessment with CT.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To assess the spectrum of complications after emergency tube thoracostomy (TT) and show the role of computed tomography (CT) in detection of these abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS:CT scans, chest radiographs, and clinical data were reviewed in 51 patients (77 tubes) who underwent emergency TT after trauma....


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baldt MM,Bankier AA,Germann PS,Pöschl GP,Skrbensky GT,Herold CJ

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Electrocardiographically gated 16-section CT of the thorax: cardiac motion suppression.

    abstract::Thirty patients underwent 16-section multi-detector row computed tomographic (CT) angiography of the thorax with retrospective electrocardiographic gating. Institutional review board approval was obtained for retrospective analysis of CT scan data and records; patient informed consent was not required. Images reconstr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hofmann LK,Zou KH,Costello P,Schoepf UJ

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of different classes of gadolinium-based contrast agents on control and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis-derived fibroblast proliferation.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To determine the ability of different types of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) to stimulate fibroblast proliferation in monolayer cell culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The National Health Service West Glasgow Ethics Committee granted approval for this study. Fibroblasts established from healthy voluntee...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edward M,Quinn JA,Burden AD,Newton BB,Jardine AG

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Renal uptake of 99mTc-sulfur colloid in congestive heart failure.

    abstract::Renal uptake of 99mTc-sulfur colloid during liver and spleen imaging was observed in 4 patients; all had moderate to severe congestive heart failure. Four similar patients with this association have been reported. Although the exact mechanism of colloid uptake by the kidneys is not known, an association with congestiv...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Klingensmith WC 3rd,Datu JA,Burdick DC

    更新日期:1978-04-01 00:00:00

  • A radiographic study of the ligamentous anatomy of the ankle.

    abstract::Ankle trauma commonly results in significant injury. Knowledge of the anatomy of the normally nonopaque major supportive ligaments, and their relationships to the osseous structures seen on standard roentgenograms, facilitates interpretation of both plain films and ankle arthrograms. A group of normal, non-preserved a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaye JJ,Bohne WH

    更新日期:1977-12-01 00:00:00

  • Mesial temporal sclerosis: diagnosis with fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery versus spin-echo MR imaging.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To compare the accuracy of a fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) sequence with that of a conventional double spin-echo (SE) sequence in the identification of increased signal intensity of the hippocampus in mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Three blinded reviewers independently gra...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jack CR Jr,Rydberg CH,Krecke KN,Trenerry MR,Parisi JE,Rydberg JN,Cascino GD,Riederer SJ

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Transdiaphragmatic jejunal duplication: a report of five cases.

    abstract::Five infants with intrathoracic transdiaphragmatic duplication cysts are presented. Diagnosis was possible from the combination of several features on plain chest radiographs: (a) right-sided cystic areas lying posteriorly in the chest, (b) lower cervical or upper dorsal spinal dysraphism, and (c) unusual gas collecti...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hall CM

    更新日期:1979-06-01 00:00:00

  • Colorectal hepatic metastases: detection with SPIO-enhanced breath-hold MR imaging--comparison of optimized sequences.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To compare the accuracy of four breath-hold magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sequences to establish the most effective superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced sequence for detection of colorectal hepatic metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Thirty-one patients with colorectal hepatic metastases underwent T1-w...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ward J,Guthrie JA,Wilson D,Arnold P,Lodge JP,Toogood GJ,Wyatt JI,Robinson PJ

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Budd-Chiari syndrome: technical, hemodynamic, and clinical results of treatment with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate use of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) as a nonsurgical approach for the management of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twelve patients with fulminant (n = 2), subacute (n = 5), or chronic (n = 5) BCS underwent TIPS placement. Hepatic venous obstruction was...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blum U,Rössle M,Haag K,Ochs A,Blum HE,Hauenstein KH,Astinet F,Langer M

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Pulsed arterial spin labeling: comparison of multisection baseline and functional MR imaging perfusion signal at 1.5 and 3.0 T: initial results in six subjects.

    abstract::Flow-alternating inversion-recovery magnetic resonance imaging was performed at 3.0 T to measure cerebral perfusion during rest and motor activation in six healthy adult volunteers. Results were compared with those at 1.5 T. The mean signal-to-noise ratio for both gray matter and white matter perfusion measured with a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yongbi MN,Fera F,Yang Y,Frank JA,Duyn JH

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Malignant carotid artery invasion: sonographic detection.

    abstract::To assess the reliability of sonography in the detection of absence of invasion of the carotid artery by tumor, high-resolution ultrasound, surgical, and pathologic findings were prospectively evaluated in 24 patients with disease metastatic to the neck. Sonography performed with 5- and 10-MHz transducers had a sensit...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gooding GA,Langman AW,Dillon WP,Kaplan MJ

    更新日期:1989-05-01 00:00:00

  • Benefit of independent double reading in a population-based mammography screening program.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate independent double reading in mammography screening and, specifically, the effect on breast cancer detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Mammographic studies of 11,343 women, aged 41-75 years, who participated in a population-based screening program were independently screened by two experienced radiolo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thurfjell EL,Lernevall KA,Taube AA

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • Solid breast lesions: clinical experience with US-guided diffuse optical tomography combined with conventional US.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To prospectively investigate the clinical efficacy of using diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and ultrasonographic (US) localization with conventional US to differentiate malignant solid breast lesions from those that are benign. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study was approved by the institutional review board and...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhi W,Gu X,Qin J,Yin P,Sheng X,Gao SP,Li Q

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Electromagnetic breast imaging: results of a pilot study in women with abnormal mammograms.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To prospectively assess quantitatively the inherent contrast of electromagnetic (EM) properties that can be imaged by using available technology in women with abnormal findings at conventional breast imaging who underwent subsequent biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The protocol was HIPAA compliant and approved by...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Poplack SP,Tosteson TD,Wells WA,Pogue BW,Meaney PM,Hartov A,Kogel CA,Soho SK,Gibson JJ,Paulsen KD

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Nonsurgical treatment of arteriovenous malformations of the trunk and limb by transcatheter arterial embolization.

    abstract::Two patients with large arteriovenous malformations (AVM) were successfully treated by transcatheter selective arterial embolization with Gelfoam. An extensive lumbar retroperitoneal acquired AVM was markedly reduced, eliminating any clinical evidence of a persistent left-to-right shunt. A large localized congenital A...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stanley RJ,Cubillo E

    更新日期:1975-06-01 00:00:00

  • Medical physics: some recollections in diagnostic X-ray imaging and therapeutic radiology.

    abstract::Medical physics has changed dramatically since 1895. There was a period of slow evolutionary change during the first 70 years after Roentgen's discovery of x rays. With the advent of the computer, however, both diagnostic and therapeutic radiology have undergone rapid growth and changes. Technologic advances such as c...


    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Gray JE,Orton CG

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of displaceable and nondisplaceable meniscal tears at kinematic MR imaging of the knee.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To prospectively determine if kinematic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the knee may demonstrate displacement of menisci with tears and, if so, to characterize displaceable and nondisplaceable meniscal tears. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study was approved by the hospital's review board, and informed consent w...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boxheimer L,Lutz AM,Zanetti M,Treiber K,Labler L,Marincek B,Weishaupt D

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • US-guided biopsy of neck masses in postoperative management of patients with thyroid cancer.

    abstract::High-frequency (10-MHz) sonography demonstrated a cervical mass or lymphadenopathy, or both, during postoperative follow-up of 52 patients who had undergone surgery for thyroid cancer. Percutaneous biopsy with ultrasonographic (US) guidance was performed in all 52 masses, 44 of which were nonpalpable. Malignant cells ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sutton RT,Reading CC,Charboneau JW,James EM,Grant CS,Hay ID

    更新日期:1988-09-01 00:00:00

  • Antefemoral dissecting cysts in rheumatoid arthritis.

    abstract::Five cases of an antefemoral synovial cyst in rheumatoid arthritis were confirmed by arthrography. Communicating with the suprapatellar bursa, these rarely observed cysts may be considered an anterior analogy to dissecting Baker cysts. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seidl G,Scherak O,Hofner W

    更新日期:1979-11-01 00:00:00

  • Benign clear-cell tumor ("sugar" tumor) of the lung: a case report and review of the literature.

    abstract::Benign clear-cell tumor of the lung is a rare, distinctive, primary neoplasm with unique histologic and electron microscopic features which may resemble metastatic renal-cell carcinoma. This tumor typically presents as an asymptomatic, peripheral, sharply rounded mass in the lung. Clinical recognition can prevent an u...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harbin WP,Mark GJ,Greene RE

    更新日期:1978-12-01 00:00:00

  • Dynamic CT measurement of pulmonary enhancement in piglets with experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate whether analysis of a washout curve of contrast material obtained with serial computed tomography (CT) enables differentiation between hydrostatic pulmonary edema and pulmonary edema caused by increased capillary permeability. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The institutional committee on animal experimen...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schueller-Weidekamm C,Wassermann E,Redl H,Prokop M,Zimpfer M,Herold C,Germann P,Ullrich R

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Subsolid Lung Nodule Classification: A CT Criterion for Improving Interobserver Agreement.

    abstract::Purpose To evaluate an objective computed tomographic (CT) criterion for distinguishing between part-solid (PS) and nonsolid (NS) lung nodules. Materials and Methods This study received institutional review board approval, and patients gave informed consent. Preoperative CT studies in all patients who underwent surger...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Revel MP,Mannes I,Benzakoun J,Guinet C,Léger T,Grenier P,Lupo A,Fournel L,Chassagnon G,Bommart S

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Percutaneous transluminal dilatation of the renal arteries: techniques and results.

    abstract::The techniques and results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (TPA) of the renal arteries were evaluated in 20 hypertensive patients with 25 renal artery stenoses. Follow-up angiograms have been obtained in nine patients. Many patients had evidence of both essential and angiotensinogenic hypertension. Eleven pat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tegtmeyer CJ,Dyer R,Teates CD,Ayers CR,Carey RM,Wellons HA Jr,Stanton LW

    更新日期:1980-06-01 00:00:00

  • Cirrhotic nodules: association between MR imaging signal intensity and intranodular blood supply.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To retrospectively determine whether there is a relationship between the intranodular blood supply evaluated at computed tomography (CT) during arterial portography (CTAP) and CT during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) and the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging signal intensity of nodules associated with cirrhosis. M...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shinmura R,Matsui O,Kobayashi S,Terayama N,Sanada J,Ueda K,Gabata T,Kadoya M,Miyayama S

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00