Hepatitis B and C co-infection in HIV/AIDS population in the state of Michigan.


:A retrospective cohort study was conducted from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2009 in Michigan to estimate the prevalence of HIV and hepatitis co-infection and identify associated factors. The prevalence of co-infection was 4.1% [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.8-4.5]. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between co-infection and being male and: of Black race [odds ratio (OR) 2.0, 95% CI 1.2-3.6] and of Other race (OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.7-7.0) compared to Hispanic race. A significant association was found between co-infection and risk categories of blood products (OR 11.1, 95% CI 6.2-20.2), injecting drug user (IDU) (OR 3.6, 95% CI 2.7-4.8) and men who have sex with men/IDU (OR 3.4, 95% CI 2.4-4.9) in addition to two interactions; one between sex and current HIV status and the other between current HIV status and age at HIV diagnosis. Our results document the changing epidemiology of HIV-hepatitis co-infection which can guide preventive measures and interventions to reduce the prevalence of hepatitis co-infection.


Epidemiol Infect


Butt ZA,Wilkins MJ,Hamilton E,Todem D,Gardiner JC,Saeed M




Has Abstract


2013-12-01 00:00:00














  • Maternal infection during pregnancy and type 1 diabetes mellitus in offspring: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Previous studies have demonstrated that type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) could be triggered by an early childhood infection. Whether maternal infection during pregnancy is associated with T1DM in offspring is unknown. Therefore, we aimed to study the association using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eighteen stu...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Yue Y,Tang Y,Tang J,Shi J,Zhu T,Huang J,Qiu X,Zeng Y,Li W,Qu Y,Mu D

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • In99, an In100-related integron, its occurrence and prevalence in clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from a central region of Portugal.

    abstract::In99, a possible ancestor of In100, is a class 1 integron associated with carbenicillinase (blaPSE) and aminoglycoside resistance genes [aac(6')-Ib and aadA2]. In99 was present in 8 of 81 clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from unrelated patients collected in different years. The strains fell into two clonal ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caetano T,Ferreira S,Mondego AP,Correia A,Mendo S

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Testing the accuracy ratio of the Spatio-Temporal Epidemiological Modeler (STEM) through Ebola haemorrhagic fever outbreaks.

    abstract::Mathematical modelling is an important tool for understanding the dynamics of the spread of infectious diseases, which could be the result of a natural outbreak or of the intentional release of pathogenic biological agents. Decision makers and policymakers responsible for strategies to contain disease, prevent epidemi...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baldassi F,D'Amico F,Carestia M,Cenciarelli O,Mancinelli S,Gilardi F,Malizia A,DI Giovanni D,Soave PM,Bellecci C,Gaudio P,Palombi L

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Age-specific mixing generates transient outbreak risk following critical-level vaccination.

    abstract::Measles elimination goals have been adopted in a range of countries, sub-regions, and regions since the WHO declared an elimination goal by 2015 or 2020. All countries attempt to achieve and maintain high coverage through routine immunization programmes. This routine strategy, however, does not ensure the elimination ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhattacharyya S,Ferrari MJ

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Neisseria cuniculi in ruminants: epidemiological aspects.

    abstract::Neisseria cuniculi was isolated, between March 1987 and March 1989, from 38 cases of respiratory disease in small and large ruminants. In all but five cases N. cuniculi was cultured together with other potential respiratory pathogens. A survey was conducted to assess the prevalence of N. cuniculi in the pharyngeal reg...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elad D,Shlomovitz S,Bernstein M,Bassan J

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • Rabies virus strains circulating in Bhutan: implications for control.

    abstract::We report a molecular epidemiological study of rabies virus (RABV) strains circulating in animal populations in Bhutan, and investigate potential origins of these viruses. Twenty-three RABV isolates originating from dogs and other domestic animals were characterized by sequencing the partial nucleoprotein (N) gene (39...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tenzin,Wacharapluesadee S,Denduangboripant J,Dhand NK,Dorji R,Tshering D,Rinzin K,Raika V,Dahal N,Ward MP

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship of genetic polymorphisms in CTLA-4 and IL-18 with viral hepatitis: evidence from a meta-analysis.

    abstract::Relationship of genetic polymorphisms in cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) with susceptibility to viral hepatitis was already investigated by many association studies. The aim of this study was to more comprehensively analyse associations between genetic polymorphisms in C...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Yu Y,Qu J,Zhou C,You G

    更新日期:2019-12-05 00:00:00

  • The stimulating effect of fosfomycin, an antibiotic in common use in Japan, on the production/release of verotoxin-1 from enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vitro.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yoh M,Honda T

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • A secondary school outbreak of mumps following the childhood immunization programme in England and Wales.

    abstract::Since the introduction of routine measles, mumps and rubella immunization for children in England and Wales in 1988, the incidence of mumps has declined steadily. We describe an outbreak of mumps in 1996 attacking 34 of a cohort of 98 schoolchildren born in 1982 and 1983. This is the largest outbreak in the UK since t...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wehner H,Morris R,Logan M,Hunt D,Jin L,Stuart J,Cartwright K

    更新日期:2000-02-01 00:00:00

  • Quantifying the contribution of asymptomatic infection to the cumulative incidence.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Champredon D,Moghadas SM

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Humidity and respiratory virus transmission in tropical and temperate settings.

    abstract::Influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are similarly structured viruses with similar environmental survival, but different routes of transmission. While RSV is transmitted predominantly by direct and indirect contact, influenza is also transmitted by aerosol. The cold, dry conditions of temperate winters appe...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Paynter S

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章



    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Enteric pathogens in tropical aquaria.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanyal D,Burge SH,Hutchings PG

    更新日期:1987-12-01 00:00:00

  • Social networks and HCV viraemia in anti-HCV-positive rural drug users.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young AM,Jonas AB,Havens JR

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157 infections at multiple county agricultural fairs: a hazard of mixing cattle, concession stands and children.

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    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schlinkmann KM,Bakuli A,Karch A,Meyer F,Dreesman J,Monazahian M,Mikolajczyk R

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease in Scotland, 1988-99.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kyaw MH,Clarke S,Jones IG,Campbell H

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence of surgical-site infections in orthopaedic surgery: a northern Italian experience.

    abstract::SUMMARYA prospective cohort study with a 1-year telephone follow-up was performed to estimate the incidence of surgical-site infections (SSIs) in hip and knee prostheses. Twenty-five public hospitals equipped with orthopaedic units in two Italian regions were involved. An 8-month surveillance period was set to obtain ...

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    authors: Castella A,Argentero PA,Farina EC,Charrier L,Del Prever EM,Zotti CM,Piemonte Nosocomial Infection Study Group.

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • A prolonged outbreak of Norwalk-like calicivirus (NLV) gastroenteritis in a rehabilitation centre due to environmental contamination.

    abstract::An outbreak of Norwalk-like calicivirus (NLV) gastroenteritis occurred in a rehabilitation centre in southern Finland between December 1999 and February 2000. An epidemiological investigation was conducted to determine the source and extent of the outbreak. More than 300 guests and staff members became ill during the ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuusi M,Nuorti JP,Maunula L,Minh Tran NN,Ratia M,Karlsson J,von Bonsdorff CH

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  • Impact of respiratory virus infection in patients with chronic chest disease.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wiselka MJ,Kent J,Cookson JB,Nicholson KG

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  • Epidemiology and factors associated with candidaemia following Clostridium difficile infection in adults within metropolitan Atlanta, 2009-2013.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vallabhaneni S,Almendares O,Farley MM,Reno J,Smith ZT,Stein B,Magill SS,Smith RM,Cleveland AA,Lessa FC

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  • Phylogenetic and antigenic analysis of influenza A(H3N2) viruses isolated from conscripts receiving influenza vaccine prior to the epidemic season of 1998/9.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pyhälä R,Ikonen N,Haanpää M,Santanen R,Tervahauta R

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Outbreak characteristics associated with identification of contributing factors to foodborne illness outbreaks.

    abstract::Information on the factors that cause or amplify foodborne illness outbreaks (contributing factors), such as ill workers or cross-contamination of food by workers, is critical to outbreak prevention. However, only about half of foodborne illness outbreaks reported to the United States' Centers for Disease Control and ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown LG,Hoover ER,Selman CA,Coleman EW,Schurz Rogers H

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  • Seroprevalence, correlates and trends of Helicobacter pylori infection in the Israeli population.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muhsen K,Cohen D,Spungin-Bialik A,Shohat T

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of vaccination on undetected persistence of foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle herds and sheep flocks.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schley D,Paton DJ,Cox SJ,Parida S,Gubbins S

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Measles elimination and immunisation: national surveillance trends in Japan, 2008-2015.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Inaida S,Matsuno S,Kobune F

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • High prevalence of HIV infection among rural tea plantation residents in Kericho, Kenya.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foglia G,Sateren WB,Renzullo PO,Bautista CT,Langat L,Wasunna MK,Singer DE,Scott PT,Robb ML,Birx DL

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Risk of hospitalization during influenza season among a cohort of patients with congestive heart failure.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Sandoval C,Walter SD,Krueger P,Smieja M,Smith A,Yusuf S,Loeb MB

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Gastroenteritis associated with accidental contamination of drinking water with partially treated water.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernandes TM,Schout C,De Roda Husman AM,Eilander A,Vennema H,van Duynhoven YT

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Influenza vaccine failure in the tropics: a retrospective cohort study of waning effectiveness.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young BE,Mak TM,Ang LW,Sadarangani S,Ho HJ,Wilder-Smith A,Barkham T,Chen M

    更新日期:2020-12-02 00:00:00