Hepatitis B and C co-infection in HIV/AIDS population in the state of Michigan.

Abstract:

:A retrospective cohort study was conducted from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2009 in Michigan to estimate the prevalence of HIV and hepatitis co-infection and identify associated factors. The prevalence of co-infection was 4.1% [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.8-4.5]. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between co-infection and being male and: of Black race [odds ratio (OR) 2.0, 95% CI 1.2-3.6] and of Other race (OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.7-7.0) compared to Hispanic race. A significant association was found between co-infection and risk categories of blood products (OR 11.1, 95% CI 6.2-20.2), injecting drug user (IDU) (OR 3.6, 95% CI 2.7-4.8) and men who have sex with men/IDU (OR 3.4, 95% CI 2.4-4.9) in addition to two interactions; one between sex and current HIV status and the other between current HIV status and age at HIV diagnosis. Our results document the changing epidemiology of HIV-hepatitis co-infection which can guide preventive measures and interventions to reduce the prevalence of hepatitis co-infection.

journal_name

Epidemiol Infect

authors

Butt ZA,Wilkins MJ,Hamilton E,Todem D,Gardiner JC,Saeed M

doi

10.1017/S0950268813000538

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-12-01 00:00:00

pages

2604-11

issue

12

eissn

0950-2688

issn

1469-4409

pii

S0950268813000538

journal_volume

141

pub_type

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