Should fewer premature infants be screened for retinopathy of prematurity in the managed care era?


OBJECTIVE:To determine appropriate upper limits for gestational age and birth weight when screening infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). DESIGN:Retrospective survey. SETTING:Tertiary neonatal intensive care nursery. PATIENTS:Seven hundred seven infants born July 1, 1990 to June 30, 1996 and screened for ROP according to the 1988 to 1996 American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines. OUTCOME MEASURES:Maximum stage of ROP with respect to birth weight and gestational age. RESULTS:No ROP more than Stage 1 was observed in infants with gestational ages >/=32 weeks or birth weights >/=1500 g. All cases of threshold and Stage 4 ROP were confined to infants with gestational ages 1500 g or gestational ages >28 weeks. If ROP screening is limited to infants with birth weights of






Wright K,Anderson ME,Walker E,Lorch V




Has Abstract


1998-07-01 00:00:00




1 Pt 1








  • Trends in the prevalence of autism on the basis of special education data.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The goal was to determine whether the increasing prevalence of autism, on the basis of educational data, in Wisconsin between 2002 and 2008 was uniform in all school districts or was greatest in districts with lower baseline (2002) prevalence. METHODS:Special education counts were obtained for all Wisconsin ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maenner MJ,Durkin MS

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Can school income and racial/ethnic composition explain the racial/ethnic disparity in adolescent physical activity participation?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Our goal was to determine if racial/ethnic disparities in adolescent boys' and girls' physical activity participation exist and persist once the school attended is considered. METHODS:We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 17,007 teens in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Using multiv...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richmond TK,Hayward RA,Gahagan S,Field AE,Heisler M

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Arkansas' experience: statewide surveillance and parental information on the child obesity epidemic.

    abstract::Parents, clinicians, public health officials, and policy makers need readily available information on the extent of the childhood obesity epidemic. As in any epidemic, the strategies and tools used to combat the imminent threat are frequently based on scientific rationale and experience but applied in areas in which w...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson JW,Card-Higginson P

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Role of environmental factors in the timing of puberty.

    abstract::Puberty-timing measures have historically been used as indicators of adequate nutrition and growth. More recently, these measures have been examined in relation to exposure to estrogenic or antiandrogenic agents, as well as other environmental factors. The scientific community has debated whether puberty timing is occ...


    pub_type: 共识发展会议,杂志文章


    authors: Euling SY,Selevan SG,Pescovitz OH,Skakkebaek NE

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Policy statement—Professional liability insurance and medicolegal education for pediatric residents and fellows.

    abstract::The American Academy of Pediatrics believes that pediatric residents and fellows should be fully informed of the scope and limitations of their professional liability insurance coverage while in training. The academy states that residents and fellows should be educated by their training institutions on matters relatin...


    pub_type: 共识发展会议,杂志文章


    authors: Committee on Medical Liability and Risk Management.,Gonzalez JL

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric lead exposure from imported Indian spices and cultural powders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Significant lead poisoning has been associated with imported nonpaint products. OBJECTIVES:To describe cases of pediatric lead intoxication from imported Indian spices and cultural powders, determine lead concentrations in these products, and predict effects of ingestion on pediatric blood lead levels (BLLs...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin CG,Schaider LA,Brabander DJ,Woolf AD

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical characteristics of peanut-allergic children: recent changes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The goal was to determine whether patients seen in a referral clinic are experiencing initial allergic reactions to peanuts earlier, compared with a similar population profiled at a different medical center 10 years ago, and to investigate other changes in clinical characteristics of the patients between the ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Green TD,LaBelle VS,Steele PH,Kim EH,Lee LA,Mankad VS,Williams LW,Anstrom KJ,Burks AW

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Sports Specialization and Intensive Training in Young Athletes.

    abstract::Sports specialization is becoming the norm in youth sports for a variety of reasons. When sports specialization occurs too early, detrimental effects may occur, both physically and psychologically. If the timing is correct and sports specialization is performed under the correct conditions, the athlete may be successf...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,实务指引



    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Attitudes of obstetric and pediatric health care providers toward resuscitation of infants who are born at the margins of viability.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to determine the attitudes of a variety of health care providers toward the recommendations that should be made to parents regarding the resuscitation of infants who are born at the margins of viability. METHODS:A written questionnaire was distributed to the medical and nursi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Lavin JP Jr,Kantak A,Ohlinger J,Kaempf JW,Tomlinson M,Campbell B,Fofah O,Edwards W,Allbright K,Hagen E,Suresh G,Schriefer J

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Infection prevention and control in pediatric ambulatory settings.

    abstract::Since the American Academy of Pediatrics published a statement titled "Infection Control in Physicians' Offices" (Pediatrics. 2000;105[6]:1361-1369), there have been significant changes that prompted this updated statement. Infection prevention and control is an integral part of pediatric practice in ambulatory medica...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,实务指引


    authors: American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases.

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Prediction of digoxin treatment failure in infants with supraventricular tachycardia: role of transesophageal pacing.

    abstract::Transesophageal atrial pacing was used to initiate and terminate tachycardia in 24 infants (seven female and 17 male, aged 1 to 34 days) with ECG documentation of supraventricular tachycardia. Six infants received no chronic treatment, and chronic oral digoxin prophylaxis was administered to 18 infants in an effort to...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benson DW Jr,Dunnigan A,Benditt DG,Thompson TR,Narayan A,Boros S

    更新日期:1985-02-01 00:00:00

  • Conceptions of illness in young adolescents.

    abstract::This study examined conceptions of illness in young adolescents. A group of 77 urban junior high school students aged 11 to 15 years were asked for their definitions of illness. Themes occurring in definitions of illness were identified and coded according to a previously developed coding scheme. Evidence in support o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Millstein SG,Adler NE,Irwin CE Jr

    更新日期:1981-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of botulinum toxin in the treatment of drooling: a controlled clinical trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the clinical effectiveness of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT) to reduce drooling in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS:A controlled clinical trial was performed in which the results of single-dose BoNT injections in the submandibular glands were compared with treatment with scopolam...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Jongerius PH,van den Hoogen FJ,van Limbeek J,Gabreëls FJ,van Hulst K,Rotteveel JJ

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation of toxin producing Clostridium difficile from two children with oxacillin- and dicloxacillin-associated diarrhea.

    abstract::Clostridium difficile was isolated from the feces of two infants who had developed watery diarrhea with blood-tinged stain. One child suffered from diarrhea after five days of parenteral oxacillin therapy; the diarrhea subsided within three days of cessation of therapy. The other infant developed diarrhea following fo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brook I

    更新日期:1980-06-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of juvenile chronic arthritis in southwestern Sweden: a 5-year prospective population study.

    abstract::Previous epidemiological studies of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) report divergent results owing to differences in diagnostic criteria, patient retrieval, and study designs. To investigate incidence and prevalence of JCA in a total population, this prospective survey was performed in southwestern Sweden between 198...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gäre BA,Fasth A

    更新日期:1992-12-01 00:00:00

  • Prescription opioid epidemic and infant outcomes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Although opioid pain relievers are commonly prescribed in pregnancy, their association with neonatal outcomes is poorly described. Our objectives were to identify neonatal complications associated with antenatal opioid pain reliever exposure and to establish predictors of neonatal abstinence s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick SW,Dudley J,Martin PR,Harrell FE,Warren MD,Hartmann KE,Ely EW,Grijalva CG,Cooper WO

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis C Testing Among Perinatally Exposed Infants.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence doubled among pregnant women from 2009 to 2014, reaching 3.4 per 1000 births nationwide. Infants exposed to HCV may acquire HCV by vertical transmission. National guidelines recommend that infants exposed to HCV be tested; however, it is unclear if these recommendations are...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lopata SM,McNeer E,Dudley JA,Wester C,Cooper WO,Carlucci JG,Espinosa CM,Dupont W,Patrick SW

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relative importance of bacteremia and viremia in the course of acute fevers of unknown origin in outpatient children.

    abstract::During a 12-month period 80 children greater than 3 months of age seen at an emergency room with acute fevers greater than or equal to 39.7 C (103.5 F) and no localizing signs of infection were studied using blood and buffy coat cultures to isolate bacteria and viruses. Bacteremia was identified in three children (3.8...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murray DL,Zonana J,Seidel JS,Yoshimori RN,Imagawa DT,St Geme JW Jr

    更新日期:1981-08-01 00:00:00

  • Parent health and functioning 13 months after infant or child NICU/PICU death.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:After a child's death, parents may experience depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and increased risk for cancers, diabetes, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide. Racial/ethnic differences are unknown. This longitudinal study investigated health and functioning of Hispanic, black, and white ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Youngblut JM,Brooten D,Cantwell GP,del Moral T,Totapally B

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Unrecognized human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in a cohort of transfused neonates: a retrospective investigation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To retrospectively identify unrecognized human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection among a cohort of children transfused as neonates before donated blood was routinely screened for HIV-1 antibody. METHODS:Records at a large, private, metropolitan hospital were reviewed to identify children who we...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lieb LE,Mundy TM,Goldfinger D,Pepkowitz SH,Brunell PA,Caldwell MB,Ward JW

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Prescribing assistive-technology systems: focus on children with impaired communication.

    abstract::This clinical report defines common terms of use and provides information on current practice, research, and limitations of assistive technology that can be used in systems for communication. The assessment process to determine the best devices for use with a particular child (ie, the best fit of a device) is also rev...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,实务指引


    authors: Desch LW,Gaebler-Spira D,Council on Children With Disabilities.

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Osteogenesis imperfecta in childhood: impairment and disability.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine clinical characteristics in children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) regarding impairment (range of joint motion and muscle strength) and disability (functional skills) in relation to the different types of the disease, and to study the correlation between characteristics of impairment and disa...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Engelbert RH,van der Graaf Y,van Empelen R,Beemer FA,Helders PJ

    更新日期:1997-02-01 00:00:00

  • Television-viewing habits and sleep disturbance in school children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the relationship between specific television-viewing habits and both sleep habits and sleep disturbances in school children. METHODS:The parents of 495 children in grades kindergarten through fourth grade in three public elementary schools completed two retrospective survey questionnaires, one...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Owens J,Maxim R,McGuinn M,Nobile C,Msall M,Alario A

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Length and body mass index at birth and target height influences on patterns of postnatal growth in children born small for gestational age.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Previous growth studies on children born small for gestational age (SGA) indicate that birth length, weight, and target height are important predictors for postnatal catch-up growth in SGA. Their influences on different phases of catch-up growth are still not described. The aim of this study was to clarify th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luo ZC,Albertsson-Wikland K,Karlberg J

    更新日期:1998-12-01 00:00:00

  • Unilateral pulmonary interstitial emphysema: a surgical approach to treatment.

    abstract::Pulmonary interstitial emphysema is a condition that has become a significant problem chiefly as a complication of mechanical ventilation of the newborn. In its severe forms, it may compromise ventilation and restrict pulmonary blood flow to the degree that it becomes a significant cause of mortality. When its occurre...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levine DH,Trump DS,Waterkotte G

    更新日期:1981-10-01 00:00:00

  • Pharyngitis in low-resources settings: a pragmatic clinical approach to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Existing scoring systems for the diagnosis of group A streptococcus pharyngitis are insensitive or inapplicable in low-resources settings. Bacterial cultures and rapid tests can allow for antibiotic prescription abstention in high-income regions. These techniques are not feasible in many low-resources setting...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Smeesters PR,Campos D Jr,Van Melderen L,de Aguiar E,Vanderpas J,Vergison A

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • A Previously Healthy Adolescent With Acute Psychosis and Severe Hyperhidrosis.

    abstract::A previously healthy 15-year-old boy presented with 3 months of progressive psychosis, insomnia, back and groin pain, and hyperhidrosis. On examination, the patient was disheveled, agitated, and soaked with sweat, with systolic blood pressure in the 160s and heart rate in the 130s. Aside from occasional auditory and v...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenblatt T,Ort K,Shaw R,Levy RJ,Chen C,Niemi A,Hoang K

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Food intakes of US children and adolescents compared with recommendations.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the proportion of youth meeting national recommendations for food group intake and to identify food intake patterns. DESIGN:The US Department of Agriculture's 1989-1991 Continuing Surveys of Food Intakes by Individuals were used to estimate food intake. Intake was determined from 3 days of diet...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muñoz KA,Krebs-Smith SM,Ballard-Barbash R,Cleveland LE

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Severe fatigue in adolescents: a common phenomenon?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of severe fatigue in adolescent boys and girls, to explore the role of lifestyle factors in fatigue, and to investigate whether severe fatigue in a healthy population is associated with depression, anxiety, and comorbid factors also observed in chronic...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: ter Wolbeek M,van Doornen LJ,Kavelaars A,Heijnen CJ

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Intrapartum temperature elevation, epidural use, and adverse outcome in term infants.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the association of intrapartum temperature elevation with adverse neonatal outcome among low-risk women receiving epidural analgesia and evaluate the association of epidural with adverse neonatal outcome without temperature elevation. METHODS:We studied all low-risk nulliparous women with singlet...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greenwell EA,Wyshak G,Ringer SA,Johnson LC,Rivkin MJ,Lieberman E

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00